Abstract

Optical anistropy at optical communication wavelength was observed in films of vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). We report the control of both the polarization state and transmission of incoming light at 1550nm by azimuthal and axial tilting of SWNT film about its aligned axis. The experiments reveal that the polarization state of light is susceptible to the azimuthal angle of the aligned direction of a SWNT having semiconductor characteristics and the intensity of the output beam after SWNT film shows cosine function dependence on the axial tilting angle.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresslhaus, Physical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes (Imperial College Press, 1998).
  2. S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD44.
  3. S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y. Murakami, S. Chiashi, Y. Miyauchi, M. Hu, M. Ogura, T. Okubo, and S. Maruyama, Chem. Phys. Lett. 385, 298 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 087402 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. C. Martinez-Anton and E. Bernabeu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1692 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Maruyama, R. Kojima, Y. Miyauchi, S. Chiashi, and M. Kohno, Chem. Phys. Lett. 360, 229 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, l Ming Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Lefebvre, J. M. Fraser, P. Finnie, and Y. Homma, Phys. Rev. B 69, 075403 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 087402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, l Ming Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lefebvre, J. M. Fraser, P. Finnie, and Y. Homma, Phys. Rev. B 69, 075403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Murakami, S. Chiashi, Y. Miyauchi, M. Hu, M. Ogura, T. Okubo, and S. Maruyama, Chem. Phys. Lett. 385, 298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. C. Martinez-Anton and E. Bernabeu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1692 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Maruyama, R. Kojima, Y. Miyauchi, S. Chiashi, and M. Kohno, Chem. Phys. Lett. 360, 229 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Achiba, Y.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD44.

Bai, l Ming

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, l Ming Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bernabeu, E.

J. C. Martinez-Anton and E. Bernabeu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1692 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. T.

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, l Ming Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chiashi, S.

Y. Murakami, S. Chiashi, Y. Miyauchi, M. Hu, M. Ogura, T. Okubo, and S. Maruyama, Chem. Phys. Lett. 385, 298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Maruyama, R. Kojima, Y. Miyauchi, S. Chiashi, and M. Kohno, Chem. Phys. Lett. 360, 229 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dresselhaus, G.

R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresslhaus, Physical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes (Imperial College Press, 1998).

Dresslhaus, M. S.

R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresslhaus, Physical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes (Imperial College Press, 1998).

Edamura, T.

Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 087402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Einarsson, E.

Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 087402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Finnie, P.

J. Lefebvre, J. M. Fraser, P. Finnie, and Y. Homma, Phys. Rev. B 69, 075403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fraser, J. M.

J. Lefebvre, J. M. Fraser, P. Finnie, and Y. Homma, Phys. Rev. B 69, 075403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ge, W. K.

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, l Ming Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guo, J.

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, l Ming Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Homma, Y.

J. Lefebvre, J. M. Fraser, P. Finnie, and Y. Homma, Phys. Rev. B 69, 075403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hu, M.

Y. Murakami, S. Chiashi, Y. Miyauchi, M. Hu, M. Ogura, T. Okubo, and S. Maruyama, Chem. Phys. Lett. 385, 298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

Jablonski, M.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD44.

Kataura, H.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD44.

Kikuchi, K.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD44.

Kohno, M.

S. Maruyama, R. Kojima, Y. Miyauchi, S. Chiashi, and M. Kohno, Chem. Phys. Lett. 360, 229 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kojima, R.

S. Maruyama, R. Kojima, Y. Miyauchi, S. Chiashi, and M. Kohno, Chem. Phys. Lett. 360, 229 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lefebvre, J.

J. Lefebvre, J. M. Fraser, P. Finnie, and Y. Homma, Phys. Rev. B 69, 075403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, G. D.

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, l Ming Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z. M.

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, l Ming Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. J.

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, l Ming Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Martinez-Anton, J. C.

J. C. Martinez-Anton and E. Bernabeu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1692 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maruyama, S.

Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 087402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Murakami, S. Chiashi, Y. Miyauchi, M. Hu, M. Ogura, T. Okubo, and S. Maruyama, Chem. Phys. Lett. 385, 298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Maruyama, R. Kojima, Y. Miyauchi, S. Chiashi, and M. Kohno, Chem. Phys. Lett. 360, 229 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Miyauchi, Y.

Y. Murakami, S. Chiashi, Y. Miyauchi, M. Hu, M. Ogura, T. Okubo, and S. Maruyama, Chem. Phys. Lett. 385, 298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Maruyama, R. Kojima, Y. Miyauchi, S. Chiashi, and M. Kohno, Chem. Phys. Lett. 360, 229 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, Y.

Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 087402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Murakami, S. Chiashi, Y. Miyauchi, M. Hu, M. Ogura, T. Okubo, and S. Maruyama, Chem. Phys. Lett. 385, 298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ogura, M.

Y. Murakami, S. Chiashi, Y. Miyauchi, M. Hu, M. Ogura, T. Okubo, and S. Maruyama, Chem. Phys. Lett. 385, 298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Okubo, T.

Y. Murakami, S. Chiashi, Y. Miyauchi, M. Hu, M. Ogura, T. Okubo, and S. Maruyama, Chem. Phys. Lett. 385, 298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rozhin, A.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD44.

Saito, R.

R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresslhaus, Physical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes (Imperial College Press, 1998).

Sakakibara, Y.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD44.

Set, S. Y.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD44.

Tanaka, Y.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD44.

Tang, Z. K.

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, l Ming Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tokumoto, M.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD44.

Wang, E. G.

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, l Ming Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, X.

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, l Ming Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yaguchi, H.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD44.

Yamashita, S.

Yang, C.

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, l Ming Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. C. Martinez-Anton and E. Bernabeu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1692 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Maruyama, R. Kojima, Y. Miyauchi, S. Chiashi, and M. Kohno, Chem. Phys. Lett. 360, 229 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Murakami, S. Chiashi, Y. Miyauchi, M. Hu, M. Ogura, T. Okubo, and S. Maruyama, Chem. Phys. Lett. 385, 298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. Lefebvre, J. M. Fraser, P. Finnie, and Y. Homma, Phys. Rev. B 69, 075403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

J. Guo, C. Yang, Z. M. Li, l Ming Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and X. Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 087402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresslhaus, Physical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes (Imperial College Press, 1998).

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD44.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM image of SWNTs on quartz substrate (a) and Raman spectrum at 488 nm (b).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Experimental setup for measuring polarization change induced by SWNT film on quartz substrate. The substrate is mounted on a rotating stage which can provide rotating and tilting SWNTs with azimuthal angle, θ, and axial angle, φ, respectively; LD, laser diode; FPR, fiber polarization rotator; LP, linear polarizer; SMF, single mode fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Traces of SOP while rotating linear polarizer with varying axial angle, φ. The traces are illustrated in the inset. (b) Response in degree of polarization (DOP) depending on the axial angle of the substrate.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Trace of SOP while rotating SWNT film with azimuthal angle, 60 ° < θ < 60 ° .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Dependence of normalized intensity of output light through SWNTs on the azimuthal angle, θ, in polar plot (a) and x y plot (b). The lines in both of (a) and (b) are ideal cos 2 θ graphs, and the circular symbols express the measured data.

Metrics