Abstract

We report an all-fiber laser oscillator producing as much as 1.9 W of single-frequency direct output at 1.5μm. Spatial gain hole burning in the active fiber has been eliminated by use of a twisted-mode cavity approach. The two short pieces of a polarization-maintaining fiber that were spliced to the ends of the active fiber served as ultracompact quarter-wave plates. To our knowledge, the use of such a wave plate to manipulate the polarization state of light inside a fiber laser cavity is reported here for the first time. The laser output is linearly polarized and delivered through a polarization-maintaining fiber pigtail. We believe that the output power of our laser is the highest among all single-frequency fiber laser oscillators reported to date.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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C. Alegria, Y. Jeong, C. Codemard, J. K. Sahu, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, and J. Nilsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1825 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ch. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Juang, and N. Peyghambarian, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Polynkin, V. Temyanko, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2024 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

J. Nillson, J. Sahu, Y. Jeong, W. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A. Grudinin, and S. Alam, in Proc. SPIE 4974, 50 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tunnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

Alam, S.

J. Nillson, J. Sahu, Y. Jeong, W. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A. Grudinin, and S. Alam, in Proc. SPIE 4974, 50 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Alegria, C.

C. Alegria, Y. Jeong, C. Codemard, J. K. Sahu, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, and J. Nilsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1825 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez-Chavez, J. A.

C. Alegria, Y. Jeong, C. Codemard, J. K. Sahu, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, and J. Nilsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1825 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Blake, J. N.

Chernikov, S.

Clarkson, W.

J. Nillson, J. Sahu, Y. Jeong, W. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A. Grudinin, and S. Alam, in Proc. SPIE 4974, 50 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, C. Renaud, W. Clarkson, and D. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 1999), postdeadline paper CPD26-1.

Codemard, C.

C. Alegria, Y. Jeong, C. Codemard, J. K. Sahu, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, and J. Nilsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1825 (2004).
[CrossRef]

deArruda, J. U.

Evtuhov, V.

Fu, L.

C. Alegria, Y. Jeong, C. Codemard, J. K. Sahu, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, and J. Nilsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1825 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gapontsev, D.

N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, V. Gapontsev, and V. Shumilin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), postdeadline paper CPDC4.

Gapontsev, V.

N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, V. Gapontsev, and V. Shumilin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), postdeadline paper CPDC4.

Geng, J.

Grudinin, A.

J. Nillson, J. Sahu, Y. Jeong, W. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A. Grudinin, and S. Alam, in Proc. SPIE 4974, 50 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, C. Renaud, W. Clarkson, and D. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 1999), postdeadline paper CPD26-1.

Hickey, L.

Hu, Y.

Ibsen, M.

C. Alegria, Y. Jeong, C. Codemard, J. K. Sahu, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, and J. Nilsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1825 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y.

C. Alegria, Y. Jeong, C. Codemard, J. K. Sahu, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, and J. Nilsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1825 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Nillson, J. Sahu, Y. Jeong, W. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A. Grudinin, and S. Alam, in Proc. SPIE 4974, 50 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Juang, S.

Kaneda, Y.

Kashyap, R.

Li, L.

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liem, A.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tunnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tunnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Luo, T.

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mafi, A.

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mansuripur, M.

A. Polynkin, P. Polynkin, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, Opt. Express 13, 3179 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Polynkin, V. Temyanko, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2024 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J.

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nillson, J.

J. Nillson, J. Sahu, Y. Jeong, W. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A. Grudinin, and S. Alam, in Proc. SPIE 4974, 50 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

C. Alegria, Y. Jeong, C. Codemard, J. K. Sahu, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, and J. Nilsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1825 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, C. Renaud, W. Clarkson, and D. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 1999), postdeadline paper CPD26-1.

Payne, D.

A. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, C. Renaud, W. Clarkson, and D. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 1999), postdeadline paper CPD26-1.

Peuser, P.

K. Wallmeroth and P. Peuser, Electron. Lett. 24, 1086 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

A. Polynkin, P. Polynkin, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, Opt. Express 13, 3179 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ch. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Juang, and N. Peyghambarian, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Polynkin, V. Temyanko, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2024 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Platonov, N.

N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, V. Gapontsev, and V. Shumilin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), postdeadline paper CPDC4.

Polynkin, A.

Polynkin, P.

A. Polynkin, P. Polynkin, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, Opt. Express 13, 3179 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Polynkin, V. Temyanko, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2024 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, T.

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Renaud, C.

A. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, C. Renaud, W. Clarkson, and D. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 1999), postdeadline paper CPD26-1.

Sahu, J.

J. Nillson, J. Sahu, Y. Jeong, W. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A. Grudinin, and S. Alam, in Proc. SPIE 4974, 50 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

C. Alegria, Y. Jeong, C. Codemard, J. K. Sahu, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, and J. Nilsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1825 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schülzgen, A.

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Selvas, R.

J. Nillson, J. Sahu, Y. Jeong, W. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A. Grudinin, and S. Alam, in Proc. SPIE 4974, 50 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Short, S. X.

Shumilin, V.

N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, V. Gapontsev, and V. Shumilin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), postdeadline paper CPDC4.

Siegman, A.

Spiegelberg, Ch.

Taylor, J.

Temyanko, V.

P. Polynkin, V. Temyanko, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2024 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tselikov, A. A.

Tunnermann, A.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tunnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Turner, P.

A. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, C. Renaud, W. Clarkson, and D. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 1999), postdeadline paper CPD26-1.

Wallmeroth, K.

K. Wallmeroth and P. Peuser, Electron. Lett. 24, 1086 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yelen, K.

Zayhowski, J. J.

Zellmer, H.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tunnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zervas, M.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (2)

K. Wallmeroth and P. Peuser, Electron. Lett. 24, 1086 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tunnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

C. Alegria, Y. Jeong, C. Codemard, J. K. Sahu, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, and J. Nilsson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1825 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Polynkin, V. Temyanko, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2024 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Nillson, J. Sahu, Y. Jeong, W. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A. Grudinin, and S. Alam, in Proc. SPIE 4974, 50 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, V. Gapontsev, and V. Shumilin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), postdeadline paper CPDC4.

A. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, C. Renaud, W. Clarkson, and D. Payne, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 1999), postdeadline paper CPD26-1.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the twisted-mode fiber laser: FBGs; fiber Bragg gratings.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power at 1.5 μ m versus total launched pump power at 975 nm. Filled circles, data points; line, linear fit. The threshold pump power is 500 mW , and the initial optical-to-optical slope efficiency is 11%.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a, Optical spectrum of the laser emission measured by an optical spectrum analyzer with a resolution bandwidth of 0.07 nm at the highest power level. b, rf spectrum of the beat signal between the twisted-mode fiber laser and a stable, single-frequency laboratory laser. The frequency spacing between adjacent longitudinal modes of the twisted-mode laser is 500 MHz.

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