Abstract

We report an observation of the weak 6S016P03 transition in Yb171,173 as an important step to establishing Yb as a primary candidate for future optical frequency standards, and to open up a new approach for qubits using the S01 and P03 states of Yb atoms in an optical lattice.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Stenger, H. Schnatz, C. Tamm, and H. Telle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 073601 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, and E. A. Donley, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 43, 2803 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Katori, in Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, Patrick Gill, ed. (World Scientific, 2001), pp. 323–330.
  4. H. Katori, M. Takamoto, V. Pal’chikov, and V. Ovsiannikov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 173005 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. G. Porsev, A. Derevianko, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. A 69, 021403 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. K. Pachos and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 107902 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. M. Duan, E. Demler, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 090402 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Takasu, K. Maki, K. Komori, T. Takano, K. Honda, M. Kumakura, T. Yabuzaki, and Y. Takahashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 040404 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. I. Courtillot, A. Quessada, R. P. Kovacich, A. Brusch, D. Kolker, J. J. Zondy, G. D. Rovera, and P. Lemonde, Phys. Rev. A 68, 030501(R) (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Takamoto and H. Katori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 223001 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A group at NIST also has reported a recent observation of this transition: C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fotier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the S01–P03 optical clock transition in ytterbium,” arXiv org e-Print archive, physics/0503240, March 31, 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/0503240.
  12. Even isotopes might be used for a clock via multiphoton transitions: T. Hong, C. Cramer, W. Nagourney, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 050801 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Santra, E. Arimondo, T. Ido, C. Greene, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173002 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. Maruyama, R. Wynar, M. V. Romalis, A. Andalkar, M. D. Swallows, C. E. Pearson, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. A 68, 011403 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. Maruyama, “Optical trapping of ytterbium atoms,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Washington, 2003).
  16. H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-Free High Resolution Spectral Atlas of Iodine Molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm?1 (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

2005 (2)

Even isotopes might be used for a clock via multiphoton transitions: T. Hong, C. Cramer, W. Nagourney, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 050801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Santra, E. Arimondo, T. Ido, C. Greene, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173002 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, and E. A. Donley, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 43, 2803 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Porsev, A. Derevianko, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. A 69, 021403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (7)

J. K. Pachos and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 107902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Duan, E. Demler, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 090402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takasu, K. Maki, K. Komori, T. Takano, K. Honda, M. Kumakura, T. Yabuzaki, and Y. Takahashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 040404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Courtillot, A. Quessada, R. P. Kovacich, A. Brusch, D. Kolker, J. J. Zondy, G. D. Rovera, and P. Lemonde, Phys. Rev. A 68, 030501(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Takamoto and H. Katori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 223001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Katori, M. Takamoto, V. Pal’chikov, and V. Ovsiannikov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 173005 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Maruyama, R. Wynar, M. V. Romalis, A. Andalkar, M. D. Swallows, C. E. Pearson, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. A 68, 011403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. Stenger, H. Schnatz, C. Tamm, and H. Telle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 073601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Andalkar, A.

R. Maruyama, R. Wynar, M. V. Romalis, A. Andalkar, M. D. Swallows, C. E. Pearson, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. A 68, 011403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Arimondo, E.

R. Santra, E. Arimondo, T. Ido, C. Greene, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173002 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baba, M.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-Free High Resolution Spectral Atlas of Iodine Molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm?1 (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Brusch, A.

I. Courtillot, A. Quessada, R. P. Kovacich, A. Brusch, D. Kolker, J. J. Zondy, G. D. Rovera, and P. Lemonde, Phys. Rev. A 68, 030501(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

Courtillot, I.

I. Courtillot, A. Quessada, R. P. Kovacich, A. Brusch, D. Kolker, J. J. Zondy, G. D. Rovera, and P. Lemonde, Phys. Rev. A 68, 030501(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cramer, C.

Even isotopes might be used for a clock via multiphoton transitions: T. Hong, C. Cramer, W. Nagourney, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 050801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Demler, E.

L. M. Duan, E. Demler, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 090402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Derevianko, A.

S. G. Porsev, A. Derevianko, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. A 69, 021403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Donley, E. A.

S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, and E. A. Donley, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 43, 2803 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Duan, L. M.

L. M. Duan, E. Demler, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 090402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fortson, E. N.

Even isotopes might be used for a clock via multiphoton transitions: T. Hong, C. Cramer, W. Nagourney, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 050801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Porsev, A. Derevianko, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. A 69, 021403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Maruyama, R. Wynar, M. V. Romalis, A. Andalkar, M. D. Swallows, C. E. Pearson, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. A 68, 011403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, N.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-Free High Resolution Spectral Atlas of Iodine Molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm?1 (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Fujiwara, C.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-Free High Resolution Spectral Atlas of Iodine Molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm?1 (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Greene, C.

R. Santra, E. Arimondo, T. Ido, C. Greene, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173002 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Heavner, T. P.

S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, and E. A. Donley, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 43, 2803 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Honda, K.

Y. Takasu, K. Maki, K. Komori, T. Takano, K. Honda, M. Kumakura, T. Yabuzaki, and Y. Takahashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 040404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hong, T.

Even isotopes might be used for a clock via multiphoton transitions: T. Hong, C. Cramer, W. Nagourney, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 050801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ido, T.

R. Santra, E. Arimondo, T. Ido, C. Greene, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173002 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ikeuchi, M.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-Free High Resolution Spectral Atlas of Iodine Molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm?1 (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Ishikawa, K.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-Free High Resolution Spectral Atlas of Iodine Molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm?1 (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Jefferts, S. R.

S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, and E. A. Donley, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 43, 2803 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kabir, M. H.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-Free High Resolution Spectral Atlas of Iodine Molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm?1 (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Kasahara, S.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-Free High Resolution Spectral Atlas of Iodine Molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm?1 (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Kato, H.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-Free High Resolution Spectral Atlas of Iodine Molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm?1 (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Katori, H.

M. Takamoto and H. Katori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 223001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Katori, M. Takamoto, V. Pal’chikov, and V. Ovsiannikov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 173005 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Katori, in Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, Patrick Gill, ed. (World Scientific, 2001), pp. 323–330.

Kimura, Y.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-Free High Resolution Spectral Atlas of Iodine Molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm?1 (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Knight, P. L.

J. K. Pachos and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 107902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kolker, D.

I. Courtillot, A. Quessada, R. P. Kovacich, A. Brusch, D. Kolker, J. J. Zondy, G. D. Rovera, and P. Lemonde, Phys. Rev. A 68, 030501(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

Komori, K.

Y. Takasu, K. Maki, K. Komori, T. Takano, K. Honda, M. Kumakura, T. Yabuzaki, and Y. Takahashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 040404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kovacich, R. P.

I. Courtillot, A. Quessada, R. P. Kovacich, A. Brusch, D. Kolker, J. J. Zondy, G. D. Rovera, and P. Lemonde, Phys. Rev. A 68, 030501(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kumakura, M.

Y. Takasu, K. Maki, K. Komori, T. Takano, K. Honda, M. Kumakura, T. Yabuzaki, and Y. Takahashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 040404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kuwano, H.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-Free High Resolution Spectral Atlas of Iodine Molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm?1 (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Lemonde, P.

I. Courtillot, A. Quessada, R. P. Kovacich, A. Brusch, D. Kolker, J. J. Zondy, G. D. Rovera, and P. Lemonde, Phys. Rev. A 68, 030501(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lukin, M. D.

L. M. Duan, E. Demler, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 090402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Maki, K.

Y. Takasu, K. Maki, K. Komori, T. Takano, K. Honda, M. Kumakura, T. Yabuzaki, and Y. Takahashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 040404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Maruyama, R.

R. Maruyama, R. Wynar, M. V. Romalis, A. Andalkar, M. D. Swallows, C. E. Pearson, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. A 68, 011403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Maruyama, “Optical trapping of ytterbium atoms,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Washington, 2003).

Matsunobu, Y.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-Free High Resolution Spectral Atlas of Iodine Molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm?1 (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Misono, M.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-Free High Resolution Spectral Atlas of Iodine Molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm?1 (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Nagourney, W.

Even isotopes might be used for a clock via multiphoton transitions: T. Hong, C. Cramer, W. Nagourney, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 050801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O’Reilly, J.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-Free High Resolution Spectral Atlas of Iodine Molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm?1 (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Ovsiannikov, V.

H. Katori, M. Takamoto, V. Pal’chikov, and V. Ovsiannikov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 173005 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pachos, J. K.

J. K. Pachos and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 107902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pal’chikov, V.

H. Katori, M. Takamoto, V. Pal’chikov, and V. Ovsiannikov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 173005 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pearson, C. E.

R. Maruyama, R. Wynar, M. V. Romalis, A. Andalkar, M. D. Swallows, C. E. Pearson, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. A 68, 011403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Porsev, S. G.

S. G. Porsev, A. Derevianko, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. A 69, 021403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Quessada, A.

I. Courtillot, A. Quessada, R. P. Kovacich, A. Brusch, D. Kolker, J. J. Zondy, G. D. Rovera, and P. Lemonde, Phys. Rev. A 68, 030501(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

Romalis, M. V.

R. Maruyama, R. Wynar, M. V. Romalis, A. Andalkar, M. D. Swallows, C. E. Pearson, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. A 68, 011403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rovera, G. D.

I. Courtillot, A. Quessada, R. P. Kovacich, A. Brusch, D. Kolker, J. J. Zondy, G. D. Rovera, and P. Lemonde, Phys. Rev. A 68, 030501(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

Santra, R.

R. Santra, E. Arimondo, T. Ido, C. Greene, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173002 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schnatz, H.

J. Stenger, H. Schnatz, C. Tamm, and H. Telle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 073601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shimamoto, T.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-Free High Resolution Spectral Atlas of Iodine Molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm?1 (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Shinano, T.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-Free High Resolution Spectral Atlas of Iodine Molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm?1 (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Stenger, J.

J. Stenger, H. Schnatz, C. Tamm, and H. Telle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 073601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Swallows, M. D.

R. Maruyama, R. Wynar, M. V. Romalis, A. Andalkar, M. D. Swallows, C. E. Pearson, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. A 68, 011403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, R.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-Free High Resolution Spectral Atlas of Iodine Molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm?1 (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Takahashi, Y.

Y. Takasu, K. Maki, K. Komori, T. Takano, K. Honda, M. Kumakura, T. Yabuzaki, and Y. Takahashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 040404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takamoto, M.

M. Takamoto and H. Katori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 223001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Katori, M. Takamoto, V. Pal’chikov, and V. Ovsiannikov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 173005 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takano, T.

Y. Takasu, K. Maki, K. Komori, T. Takano, K. Honda, M. Kumakura, T. Yabuzaki, and Y. Takahashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 040404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takasu, Y.

Y. Takasu, K. Maki, K. Komori, T. Takano, K. Honda, M. Kumakura, T. Yabuzaki, and Y. Takahashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 040404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tamm, C.

J. Stenger, H. Schnatz, C. Tamm, and H. Telle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 073601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Telle, H.

J. Stenger, H. Schnatz, C. Tamm, and H. Telle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 073601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ushino, M.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-Free High Resolution Spectral Atlas of Iodine Molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm?1 (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Wynar, R.

R. Maruyama, R. Wynar, M. V. Romalis, A. Andalkar, M. D. Swallows, C. E. Pearson, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. A 68, 011403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yabuzaki, T.

Y. Takasu, K. Maki, K. Komori, T. Takano, K. Honda, M. Kumakura, T. Yabuzaki, and Y. Takahashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 040404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

R. Santra, E. Arimondo, T. Ido, C. Greene, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173002 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zondy, J. J.

I. Courtillot, A. Quessada, R. P. Kovacich, A. Brusch, D. Kolker, J. J. Zondy, G. D. Rovera, and P. Lemonde, Phys. Rev. A 68, 030501(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 (1)

S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, and E. A. Donley, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 43, 2803 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (3)

S. G. Porsev, A. Derevianko, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. A 69, 021403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Courtillot, A. Quessada, R. P. Kovacich, A. Brusch, D. Kolker, J. J. Zondy, G. D. Rovera, and P. Lemonde, Phys. Rev. A 68, 030501(R) (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Maruyama, R. Wynar, M. V. Romalis, A. Andalkar, M. D. Swallows, C. E. Pearson, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. A 68, 011403 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

M. Takamoto and H. Katori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 223001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Even isotopes might be used for a clock via multiphoton transitions: T. Hong, C. Cramer, W. Nagourney, and E. N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 050801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Santra, E. Arimondo, T. Ido, C. Greene, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173002 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Pachos and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 107902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Duan, E. Demler, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 090402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takasu, K. Maki, K. Komori, T. Takano, K. Honda, M. Kumakura, T. Yabuzaki, and Y. Takahashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 040404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Stenger, H. Schnatz, C. Tamm, and H. Telle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 073601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Katori, M. Takamoto, V. Pal’chikov, and V. Ovsiannikov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 173005 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

H. Katori, in Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, Patrick Gill, ed. (World Scientific, 2001), pp. 323–330.

A group at NIST also has reported a recent observation of this transition: C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fotier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the S01–P03 optical clock transition in ytterbium,” arXiv org e-Print archive, physics/0503240, March 31, 2005, http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/0503240.

R. Maruyama, “Optical trapping of ytterbium atoms,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Washington, 2003).

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-Free High Resolution Spectral Atlas of Iodine Molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm?1 (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Yb energy levels, transition wavelengths, and lifetimes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of experimental setup: A frequency-doubled Ti : sapphire ( Ti : Sa ) laser is used for the MOT and the Zeeman slower. The Zeeman slower beam is detuned 300 MHz below the atomic resonance using a double-pass AOM. Its frequency scan is calibrated with an I 2 saturated absorption cell. The blue MOT fluorescence is detected by a photomultiplier tube (PMT).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Normalized MOT blue fluorescence of Yb 171 and (b) saturation spectrum of I 2 reference line 1852 versus frequency offset of the probe laser. In (a) the probe laser is chopped out of phase with the MOT beams as discussed in the text. The frequency corresponding to zero offset in (a) is approximately 2.6 GHz below the zero shown in (b). The probe beam has a diameter of 4 mm and power of 0.04 W in (a).

Equations (2)

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σ = ( ln 2 π λ 2 2 ) ( Γ Δ ω )
R = σ I ( σ I + γ MOT ) ,

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