Abstract

Cross-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear microstructure optical fiber with low dispersion and high birefringence is used for the measurement of the pulse amplitude and phase of picosecond pulses by frequency-resolved optical gating. An alignment-free configuration including an optical amplifier is proposed and experimentally tested. The simulated annealing method is used for retrieving the amplitude and phase from cross-phase modulation spectrograms. It takes into account the birefringence of the measurement fiber and the resolution of the optical spectrum analyzer.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Trebino, ed., Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: the Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer Academic, 2002).
  2. R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbuegel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, J. Hunter, and W. E. White, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2206 (1994).
  4. M. D. Thomson, J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, Opt. Lett. 23, 1582 (1998).
  5. M. A. Franco, H. R. Lange, J.-F. Ripoche, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 140, 331 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, J. D. Harvey, M. D. Thomson, B. C. Thomsen, P. G. Bollond, and R. Leonhardt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 441 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Honzatko, J. Kanka, and B. Vrany, Opt. Express 12, 6046 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. V. Bryskin and M. P. Petrov, Tech. Phys. Lett. 22, 153 (1996).
  9. M. Horowitz and Y. Silberberg, Opt. Lett. 22, 1760 (1997).
  10. A. S. Kaminskii, E. L. Kosarev, and E. V. Lavrov, Meas. Sci. Technol. 8, 864 (1997).

2004

1999

J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, J. D. Harvey, M. D. Thomson, B. C. Thomsen, P. G. Bollond, and R. Leonhardt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 441 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

M. A. Franco, H. R. Lange, J.-F. Ripoche, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 140, 331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbuegel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Horowitz and Y. Silberberg, Opt. Lett. 22, 1760 (1997).

A. S. Kaminskii, E. L. Kosarev, and E. V. Lavrov, Meas. Sci. Technol. 8, 864 (1997).

1996

V. V. Bryskin and M. P. Petrov, Tech. Phys. Lett. 22, 153 (1996).

1994

Barry, L. P.

J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, J. D. Harvey, M. D. Thomson, B. C. Thomsen, P. G. Bollond, and R. Leonhardt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 441 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Thomson, J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, Opt. Lett. 23, 1582 (1998).

Bollond, P. G.

J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, J. D. Harvey, M. D. Thomson, B. C. Thomsen, P. G. Bollond, and R. Leonhardt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 441 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bryskin, V. V.

V. V. Bryskin and M. P. Petrov, Tech. Phys. Lett. 22, 153 (1996).

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbuegel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, J. Hunter, and W. E. White, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2206 (1994).

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, J. D. Harvey, M. D. Thomson, B. C. Thomsen, P. G. Bollond, and R. Leonhardt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 441 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Thomson, J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, Opt. Lett. 23, 1582 (1998).

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbuegel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M. A.

M. A. Franco, H. R. Lange, J.-F. Ripoche, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 140, 331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, J. D.

J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, J. D. Harvey, M. D. Thomson, B. C. Thomsen, P. G. Bollond, and R. Leonhardt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 441 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Thomson, J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, Opt. Lett. 23, 1582 (1998).

Honzatko, P.

Horowitz, M.

Hunter, J.

Kaminskii, A. S.

A. S. Kaminskii, E. L. Kosarev, and E. V. Lavrov, Meas. Sci. Technol. 8, 864 (1997).

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbuegel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kanka, J.

Kosarev, E. L.

A. S. Kaminskii, E. L. Kosarev, and E. V. Lavrov, Meas. Sci. Technol. 8, 864 (1997).

Krumbuegel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbuegel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lange, H. R.

M. A. Franco, H. R. Lange, J.-F. Ripoche, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 140, 331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lavrov, E. V.

A. S. Kaminskii, E. L. Kosarev, and E. V. Lavrov, Meas. Sci. Technol. 8, 864 (1997).

Leonhardt, R.

J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, J. D. Harvey, M. D. Thomson, B. C. Thomsen, P. G. Bollond, and R. Leonhardt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 441 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

M. A. Franco, H. R. Lange, J.-F. Ripoche, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 140, 331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, M. P.

V. V. Bryskin and M. P. Petrov, Tech. Phys. Lett. 22, 153 (1996).

Prade, B. S.

M. A. Franco, H. R. Lange, J.-F. Ripoche, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 140, 331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ripoche, J.-F.

M. A. Franco, H. R. Lange, J.-F. Ripoche, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 140, 331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbuegel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Thomsen, B. C.

J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, J. D. Harvey, M. D. Thomson, B. C. Thomsen, P. G. Bollond, and R. Leonhardt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 441 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, M. D.

J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, J. D. Harvey, M. D. Thomson, B. C. Thomsen, P. G. Bollond, and R. Leonhardt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 441 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Thomson, J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, Opt. Lett. 23, 1582 (1998).

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbuegel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, J. Hunter, and W. E. White, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2206 (1994).

Vrany, B.

White, W. E.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, J. D. Harvey, M. D. Thomson, B. C. Thomsen, P. G. Bollond, and R. Leonhardt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 441 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Meas. Sci. Technol.

A. S. Kaminskii, E. L. Kosarev, and E. V. Lavrov, Meas. Sci. Technol. 8, 864 (1997).

Opt. Commun.

M. A. Franco, H. R. Lange, J.-F. Ripoche, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 140, 331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbuegel, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tech. Phys. Lett.

V. V. Bryskin and M. P. Petrov, Tech. Phys. Lett. 22, 153 (1996).

Other

R. Trebino, ed., Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: the Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer Academic, 2002).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for fiber FROG measurements.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Spectrograms of pulses from the fiber ring laser. (b) Mean frequency of the spectrogram. (c) Reconstructed pulse and its phase obtained with various seed pulses. (d) Measured and reconstructed spectra and calculated spectral phase.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Reconstructed fields at the output of normally dispersive dispersion-shifted fiber of various lengths.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

i z E ̃ x , y ± i σ t E ̃ x , y + γ ( E ̃ x , y 2 + 2 3 E ̃ y , x 2 ) E ̃ x , y = 0 ,
E x , y ( z , t ) = E x , y ( 0 , t σ z ) exp [ i γ E x , y ( 0 , t σ z ) 2 z + i γ 3 z z E y , x ( 0 , t ± σ ξ ) 2 d ξ ] .
E SIG ( t , τ ) = r E ( 0 , t σ L ) exp [ i γ r 2 E ( 0 , t σ L ) 2 z + i γ ( 1 r 2 ) 3 L L E ( 0 , t τ + σ ξ ) 2 d ξ ] ,
S ( ω , τ ) = E SIG ( t , τ ) exp ( i ω t ) d t 2 .
S ( ω , τ ) = S ( Ω , τ ) K ( ω Ω ) d Ω .

Metrics