Abstract

Baida and Van Labeke recently proposed a structure that exhibits a supertransmission of light through an array of nanometric coaxial apertures in a metallic film that has been named an annular aperture array (AAA) [Opt. Commun. 209, 17 (2002) ; Phys. Rev. B 67, 155314 (2003) ; J. Microsc. 213, 140 (2003) ]. We present the first experimental study, to our knowledge, of an AAA structure in the visible region. For technological reasons, the structure under study does not produce a supertransmission of 80% as in Baida and Van Labeke [Opt. Commun. 209, 17 (2002) ]. We built the nanostructure and experimentally recorded its far-field spectral response. This transmission shows only one broad band with a maximum around λ=700nm, giving a maximum efficiency around 17%. A finite-difference time-domain simulation reproduces quite well the obtained transmission spectrum.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Ebbesen, H. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. I. Baida and D. V. Labeke, Opt. Commun. 209, 17 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. I. Baida and D. V. Labeke, Phys. Rev. B 67, 155314 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. V. Labeke, F. I. Baida, and J. M. Vigoureux, J. Microsc. 213, 140 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. I. Baida, D. V. Labeke, G. Granet, A. Morcau, and A. Belkir, Appl. Phys. B 79, 1 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. Fan, S. Zhang, B. Minhas, K. J. Malloy, and S. R.J. Bruech, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033902 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. P. Berenger, J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Seidel, F. I. Baida, L. Bischoff, B. Guizal, S. Grafstrom, D. V. Labeke, and L. M. Eng, Phys. Rev. B 69, 121405 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: the Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method, 2nd ed. (Artech House, 2000).
  10. F. I. Baida, D. V. Labeke, and Y. Pagani, Opt. Commun. 255, 241 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, L. Provino, and H. Maillotte, Opt. Lett. 28, 1820 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

W. Fan, S. Zhang, B. Minhas, K. J. Malloy, and S. R.J. Bruech, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. Seidel, F. I. Baida, L. Bischoff, B. Guizal, S. Grafstrom, D. V. Labeke, and L. M. Eng, Phys. Rev. B 69, 121405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. I. Baida, D. V. Labeke, G. Granet, A. Morcau, and A. Belkir, Appl. Phys. B 79, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, L. Provino, and H. Maillotte, Opt. Lett. 28, 1820 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. I. Baida, D. V. Labeke, and Y. Pagani, Opt. Commun. 255, 241 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. I. Baida and D. V. Labeke, Phys. Rev. B 67, 155314 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Labeke, F. I. Baida, and J. M. Vigoureux, J. Microsc. 213, 140 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

F. I. Baida and D. V. Labeke, Opt. Commun. 209, 17 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998

T. Ebbesen, H. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994

J. P. Berenger, J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1972

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Baida, F. I.

F. I. Baida, D. V. Labeke, G. Granet, A. Morcau, and A. Belkir, Appl. Phys. B 79, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Seidel, F. I. Baida, L. Bischoff, B. Guizal, S. Grafstrom, D. V. Labeke, and L. M. Eng, Phys. Rev. B 69, 121405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. I. Baida, D. V. Labeke, and Y. Pagani, Opt. Commun. 255, 241 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Labeke, F. I. Baida, and J. M. Vigoureux, J. Microsc. 213, 140 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. I. Baida and D. V. Labeke, Phys. Rev. B 67, 155314 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. I. Baida and D. V. Labeke, Opt. Commun. 209, 17 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Belkir, A.

F. I. Baida, D. V. Labeke, G. Granet, A. Morcau, and A. Belkir, Appl. Phys. B 79, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Berenger, J. P.

J. P. Berenger, J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bischoff, L.

J. Seidel, F. I. Baida, L. Bischoff, B. Guizal, S. Grafstrom, D. V. Labeke, and L. M. Eng, Phys. Rev. B 69, 121405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bruech, S. R.J.

W. Fan, S. Zhang, B. Minhas, K. J. Malloy, and S. R.J. Bruech, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T.

T. Ebbesen, H. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eng, L. M.

J. Seidel, F. I. Baida, L. Bischoff, B. Guizal, S. Grafstrom, D. V. Labeke, and L. M. Eng, Phys. Rev. B 69, 121405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fan, W.

W. Fan, S. Zhang, B. Minhas, K. J. Malloy, and S. R.J. Bruech, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ghaemi, H.

T. Ebbesen, H. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grafstrom, S.

J. Seidel, F. I. Baida, L. Bischoff, B. Guizal, S. Grafstrom, D. V. Labeke, and L. M. Eng, Phys. Rev. B 69, 121405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Granet, G.

F. I. Baida, D. V. Labeke, G. Granet, A. Morcau, and A. Belkir, Appl. Phys. B 79, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guizal, B.

J. Seidel, F. I. Baida, L. Bischoff, B. Guizal, S. Grafstrom, D. V. Labeke, and L. M. Eng, Phys. Rev. B 69, 121405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hagness, S. C.

A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: the Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method, 2nd ed. (Artech House, 2000).

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Labeke, D. V.

F. I. Baida, D. V. Labeke, G. Granet, A. Morcau, and A. Belkir, Appl. Phys. B 79, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Seidel, F. I. Baida, L. Bischoff, B. Guizal, S. Grafstrom, D. V. Labeke, and L. M. Eng, Phys. Rev. B 69, 121405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. I. Baida, D. V. Labeke, and Y. Pagani, Opt. Commun. 255, 241 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Labeke, F. I. Baida, and J. M. Vigoureux, J. Microsc. 213, 140 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. I. Baida and D. V. Labeke, Phys. Rev. B 67, 155314 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. I. Baida and D. V. Labeke, Opt. Commun. 209, 17 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H.

T. Ebbesen, H. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Maillotte, H.

Malloy, K. J.

W. Fan, S. Zhang, B. Minhas, K. J. Malloy, and S. R.J. Bruech, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Minhas, B.

W. Fan, S. Zhang, B. Minhas, K. J. Malloy, and S. R.J. Bruech, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Morcau, A.

F. I. Baida, D. V. Labeke, G. Granet, A. Morcau, and A. Belkir, Appl. Phys. B 79, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mussot, A.

Pagani, Y.

F. I. Baida, D. V. Labeke, and Y. Pagani, Opt. Commun. 255, 241 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Provino, L.

Seidel, J.

J. Seidel, F. I. Baida, L. Bischoff, B. Guizal, S. Grafstrom, D. V. Labeke, and L. M. Eng, Phys. Rev. B 69, 121405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sylvestre, T.

Taflove, A.

A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: the Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method, 2nd ed. (Artech House, 2000).

Thio, T.

T. Ebbesen, H. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vigoureux, J. M.

D. V. Labeke, F. I. Baida, and J. M. Vigoureux, J. Microsc. 213, 140 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wolff, P.

T. Ebbesen, H. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

W. Fan, S. Zhang, B. Minhas, K. J. Malloy, and S. R.J. Bruech, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

F. I. Baida, D. V. Labeke, G. Granet, A. Morcau, and A. Belkir, Appl. Phys. B 79, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Comput. Phys.

J. P. Berenger, J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Microsc.

D. V. Labeke, F. I. Baida, and J. M. Vigoureux, J. Microsc. 213, 140 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature

T. Ebbesen, H. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

F. I. Baida and D. V. Labeke, Opt. Commun. 209, 17 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. I. Baida, D. V. Labeke, and Y. Pagani, Opt. Commun. 255, 241 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Seidel, F. I. Baida, L. Bischoff, B. Guizal, S. Grafstrom, D. V. Labeke, and L. M. Eng, Phys. Rev. B 69, 121405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. I. Baida and D. V. Labeke, Phys. Rev. B 67, 155314 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

W. Fan, S. Zhang, B. Minhas, K. J. Malloy, and S. R.J. Bruech, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: the Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method, 2nd ed. (Artech House, 2000).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of the studied structure and experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) SEM and (b) AFM ( 10 μ m × 10 μ m ) images of the AAA under study. (c) Cross section (in red) made over four annular apertures shown by the red line in (b).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Far-field image of one sample obtained with a conventional microscope. The white arrow indicates the AAA for which the spectral response has been studied.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Theoretical (red) and experimental (blue) spectral responses of the studied AAA structure located by the white arrow in Fig. 3. Inset, theoretical transmission in the near-infrared region showing a maximum of transmission at λ = 1330 nm .

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