Abstract

We report on a guided-wave asynchronous heralded single-photon source based on the creation of nondegenerate photon pairs by spontaneous parametric downconversion in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide. We show that, by use of the signal photon at 1310 nm as a trigger, a gated detection process permits announcement of the arrival of single photons at 1550 nm at the output of a single-mode optical fiber with a high probability of 0.37. At the same time the multiphoton emission probability is reduced by a factor of 10 compared with Poissonian light sources. Furthermore, the model we have developed to calculate those figures of merit is shown to be accurate. This study can therefore serve as a paradigm for the conception of new quantum communication and computation networks.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. Bennett and G. Brassard, IBM Tech. Discl. Bull. 28, 3121 (1985).
  2. L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1995), Chap. 22.4.7, pp. 1084–1088.
  3. N. Lutkenhaus, Phys. Rev. A 61, 052304 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Treussart, R. Alléaume, V. L. Floc’h, L. Xiao, J.-M. Courty, and J.-F. Roch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 093601 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 233602 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Hong and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. D. Prycker, Asynchronous Transfer Mode: Solution for Broadband ISDN (Ellis Horwood, 1991).
  10. R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, Europhys. Lett. 1, 173 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Pittman, B. Jacobs, and J. Franson, arXiv.org e-Print archive, quant-ph/0408093, October 25, 2004, http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0408093.
  14. G. Ribordy, J. Brendel, J.-D. Gautier, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Phys. Rev. A 63, 012309 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Rarity, P. Tapster, and E. Jakeman, Opt. Commun. 62, 201 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. Feynman and A. Hibbs, Quantum Mechanics and Path Integrals (McGraw-Hill, 1965), Chap. 12, p. 322.

2004 (1)

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

F. Treussart, R. Alléaume, V. L. Floc’h, L. Xiao, J.-M. Courty, and J.-F. Roch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 093601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 233602 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Ribordy, J. Brendel, J.-D. Gautier, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Phys. Rev. A 63, 012309 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

N. Lutkenhaus, Phys. Rev. A 61, 052304 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

J. Rarity, P. Tapster, and E. Jakeman, Opt. Commun. 62, 201 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

C. Hong and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, Europhys. Lett. 1, 173 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

C. Bennett and G. Brassard, IBM Tech. Discl. Bull. 28, 3121 (1985).

1956 (1)

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Alibart, O.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Alléaume, R.

F. Treussart, R. Alléaume, V. L. Floc’h, L. Xiao, J.-M. Courty, and J.-F. Roch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 093601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aspect, A.

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, Europhys. Lett. 1, 173 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Baldi, P.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, C.

C. Bennett and G. Brassard, IBM Tech. Discl. Bull. 28, 3121 (1985).

Beveratos, A.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brassard, G.

C. Bennett and G. Brassard, IBM Tech. Discl. Bull. 28, 3121 (1985).

Brendel, J.

G. Ribordy, J. Brendel, J.-D. Gautier, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Phys. Rev. A 63, 012309 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brouri, R.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brown, R. H.

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Courty, J.-M.

F. Treussart, R. Alléaume, V. L. Floc’h, L. Xiao, J.-M. Courty, and J.-F. Roch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 093601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fasel, S.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Feynman, R.

R. Feynman and A. Hibbs, Quantum Mechanics and Path Integrals (McGraw-Hill, 1965), Chap. 12, p. 322.

Floc’h, V. L.

F. Treussart, R. Alléaume, V. L. Floc’h, L. Xiao, J.-M. Courty, and J.-F. Roch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 093601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gacoin, T.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gautier, J.-D.

G. Ribordy, J. Brendel, J.-D. Gautier, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Phys. Rev. A 63, 012309 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Ribordy, J. Brendel, J.-D. Gautier, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Phys. Rev. A 63, 012309 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, P.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, Europhys. Lett. 1, 173 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hibbs, A.

R. Feynman and A. Hibbs, Quantum Mechanics and Path Integrals (McGraw-Hill, 1965), Chap. 12, p. 322.

Hong, C.

C. Hong and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jakeman, E.

J. Rarity, P. Tapster, and E. Jakeman, Opt. Commun. 62, 201 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Lutkenhaus, N.

N. Lutkenhaus, Phys. Rev. A 61, 052304 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mandel, L.

C. Hong and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1995), Chap. 22.4.7, pp. 1084–1088.

Micheli, M. D.

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ostrowsky, D. B.

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pelton, M.

M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 233602 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Plant, J.

M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 233602 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Poizat, J.-P.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Prycker, M. D.

M. D. Prycker, Asynchronous Transfer Mode: Solution for Broadband ISDN (Ellis Horwood, 1991).

Rarity, J.

J. Rarity, P. Tapster, and E. Jakeman, Opt. Commun. 62, 201 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ribordy, G.

G. Ribordy, J. Brendel, J.-D. Gautier, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Phys. Rev. A 63, 012309 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Riedmatten, H. D.

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Roch, J.-F.

F. Treussart, R. Alléaume, V. L. Floc’h, L. Xiao, J.-M. Courty, and J.-F. Roch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 093601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Roger, G.

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, Europhys. Lett. 1, 173 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Santori, C.

M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 233602 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Solomon, G. S.

M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 233602 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tanzilli, S.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tapster, P.

J. Rarity, P. Tapster, and E. Jakeman, Opt. Commun. 62, 201 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Treussart, F.

F. Treussart, R. Alléaume, V. L. Floc’h, L. Xiao, J.-M. Courty, and J.-F. Roch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 093601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Twiss, R. Q.

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Villing, A.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vuckovic, J.

M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 233602 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, E.

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1995), Chap. 22.4.7, pp. 1084–1088.

Xiao, L.

F. Treussart, R. Alléaume, V. L. Floc’h, L. Xiao, J.-M. Courty, and J.-F. Roch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 093601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 233602 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Ribordy, J. Brendel, J.-D. Gautier, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Phys. Rev. A 63, 012309 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 233602 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Tanzilli, H. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, Europhys. Lett. 1, 173 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IBM Tech. Discl. Bull. (1)

C. Bennett and G. Brassard, IBM Tech. Discl. Bull. 28, 3121 (1985).

Nature (1)

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Rarity, P. Tapster, and E. Jakeman, Opt. Commun. 62, 201 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

G. Ribordy, J. Brendel, J.-D. Gautier, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, Phys. Rev. A 63, 012309 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Lutkenhaus, Phys. Rev. A 61, 052304 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

F. Treussart, R. Alléaume, V. L. Floc’h, L. Xiao, J.-M. Courty, and J.-F. Roch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 093601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 233602 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Hong and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

M. D. Prycker, Asynchronous Transfer Mode: Solution for Broadband ISDN (Ellis Horwood, 1991).

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1995), Chap. 22.4.7, pp. 1084–1088.

T. Pittman, B. Jacobs, and J. Franson, arXiv.org e-Print archive, quant-ph/0408093, October 25, 2004, http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0408093.

R. Feynman and A. Hibbs, Quantum Mechanics and Path Integrals (McGraw-Hill, 1965), Chap. 12, p. 322.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of our HSPS. It has an electrical output that heralds the arrival of a single photon at the single-mode optical fiber output. LD, laser diode.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 P i Experimental Probability of Finding i = 1 or 2 Photons for the HSPS Compared with Some Other Existing SPSs

Tables Icon

Table 2 P i Probability of Finding i = 1 or 2 Photons

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Single detections rate = γ η ( N T D c ) ,
P n ¯ ( n = 0 ) = exp ( γ μ Δ T ) ,
P 2 γ 2 μ Δ T ( N T D c N T ) with μ Δ T 1 .
P 1 γ [ ( N T D c N T ) ( 1 2 γ μ Δ T ) + μ Δ T ] .
g ( 2 ) ( 0 ) 2 μ Δ T ( N T D c N T ) [ μ Δ T + ( 1 2 γ μ Δ T ) ( N T D c N T ) ] 2 .

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