Abstract

Fourier-transform-limited extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) radiation (bandwidth 300MHz) tunable around 91 nm is produced by use of two-photon resonance-enhanced four-wave mixing on the Kr resonance at 94093cm1. Noncollinear phase matching ensures the generation of an XUV sum frequency 2ω1+ω2 that can be filtered from auxiliary laser beams and harmonics by an adjustable slit. Application of the generated XUV light is demonstrated in spectroscopic investigations of highly excited states in H2 and N2.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. P. K. Carroll, C. P. Collins, and K. Yoshino, J. Phys. B 3, L127 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

W. Ubachs and E. Reinhold, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 101302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

U. Hollenstein, H. Palm, and F. Merkt, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 4023 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J.-Y. Roncin, J.-L. Subtil, and F. Launay, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 188, 128 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (2)

K. S.E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, W. Vassen, and W. Hogervorst, Phys. Rev. A 55, 1866 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. Ubachs, K. S.E. Eikema, W. Hogervorst, and P. C. Cacciani, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2469 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

P. C. Hinnen, W. Hogervorst, S. Stolte, and W. Ubachs, Can. J. Phys. 72, 1032 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

W. Ubachs, K. S.E. Eikema, and W. Hogervorst, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 57, 411 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Abgrall, E. Roueff, J.-Y. Roncin, and J.-L. Subtil, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 101, 273 (1993).

H. Abgrall, E. Roueff, J.-Y. Roncin, and J.-L. Subtil, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 157, 512 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1989 (2)

K. Miyazaki, H. Sakai, and T. Sato, Appl. Opt. 28, 699 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Cromwell, T. Trickl, Y. T. Lee, and A. H. Kung, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60, 2888 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1984 (1)

D. E. Jennings, S. L. Bragg, and J. W. Brault, Astrophys. J. 282, L85 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

A. Eckbreth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 421 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

G. C. Bjorklund, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 287 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

P. K. Carroll, C. P. Collins, and K. Yoshino, J. Phys. B 3, L127 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

T. Namioka, J. Chem. Phys. 40, 3154 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Abgrall, H.

H. Abgrall, E. Roueff, J.-Y. Roncin, and J.-L. Subtil, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 101, 273 (1993).

H. Abgrall, E. Roueff, J.-Y. Roncin, and J.-L. Subtil, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 157, 512 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bjorklund, G. C.

G. C. Bjorklund, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 287 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Bragg, S. L.

D. E. Jennings, S. L. Bragg, and J. W. Brault, Astrophys. J. 282, L85 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Brault, J. W.

D. E. Jennings, S. L. Bragg, and J. W. Brault, Astrophys. J. 282, L85 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Cacciani, P. C.

Carroll, P. K.

P. K. Carroll, C. P. Collins, and K. Yoshino, J. Phys. B 3, L127 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Collins, C. P.

P. K. Carroll, C. P. Collins, and K. Yoshino, J. Phys. B 3, L127 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Connerade, J. P.

Cromwell, E.

E. Cromwell, T. Trickl, Y. T. Lee, and A. H. Kung, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60, 2888 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Eckbreth, A.

A. Eckbreth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 421 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Eikema, K. S.E.

K. S.E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, W. Vassen, and W. Hogervorst, Phys. Rev. A 55, 1866 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. Ubachs, K. S.E. Eikema, W. Hogervorst, and P. C. Cacciani, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2469 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. Ubachs, K. S.E. Eikema, and W. Hogervorst, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 57, 411 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hilber, G.

Hinnen, P. C.

P. C. Hinnen, W. Hogervorst, S. Stolte, and W. Ubachs, Can. J. Phys. 72, 1032 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hogervorst, W.

K. S.E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, W. Vassen, and W. Hogervorst, Phys. Rev. A 55, 1866 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. Ubachs, K. S.E. Eikema, W. Hogervorst, and P. C. Cacciani, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2469 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Hinnen, W. Hogervorst, S. Stolte, and W. Ubachs, Can. J. Phys. 72, 1032 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. Ubachs, K. S.E. Eikema, and W. Hogervorst, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 57, 411 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hollenstein, U.

U. Hollenstein, H. Palm, and F. Merkt, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 4023 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, M. H.R.

Jennings, D. E.

D. E. Jennings, S. L. Bragg, and J. W. Brault, Astrophys. J. 282, L85 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kung, A. H.

E. Cromwell, T. Trickl, Y. T. Lee, and A. H. Kung, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60, 2888 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lago, A.

Launay, F.

J.-Y. Roncin, J.-L. Subtil, and F. Launay, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 188, 128 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. T.

E. Cromwell, T. Trickl, Y. T. Lee, and A. H. Kung, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60, 2888 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ma, H.

Marangos, J. P.

Merkt, F.

U. Hollenstein, H. Palm, and F. Merkt, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 4023 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, K.

Namioka, T.

T. Namioka, J. Chem. Phys. 40, 3154 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Palm, H.

U. Hollenstein, H. Palm, and F. Merkt, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 4023 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Reinhold, E.

W. Ubachs and E. Reinhold, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 101302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Roncin, J.-Y.

J.-Y. Roncin, J.-L. Subtil, and F. Launay, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 188, 128 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Abgrall, E. Roueff, J.-Y. Roncin, and J.-L. Subtil, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 157, 512 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Abgrall, E. Roueff, J.-Y. Roncin, and J.-L. Subtil, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 101, 273 (1993).

Roueff, E.

H. Abgrall, E. Roueff, J.-Y. Roncin, and J.-L. Subtil, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 101, 273 (1993).

H. Abgrall, E. Roueff, J.-Y. Roncin, and J.-L. Subtil, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 157, 512 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, H.

Sato, T.

Shen, N.

Stolte, S.

P. C. Hinnen, W. Hogervorst, S. Stolte, and W. Ubachs, Can. J. Phys. 72, 1032 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Subtil, J.-L.

J.-Y. Roncin, J.-L. Subtil, and F. Launay, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 188, 128 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Abgrall, E. Roueff, J.-Y. Roncin, and J.-L. Subtil, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 157, 512 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Abgrall, E. Roueff, J.-Y. Roncin, and J.-L. Subtil, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 101, 273 (1993).

Trickl, T.

E. Cromwell, T. Trickl, Y. T. Lee, and A. H. Kung, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60, 2888 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ubachs, W.

W. Ubachs and E. Reinhold, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 101302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. S.E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, W. Vassen, and W. Hogervorst, Phys. Rev. A 55, 1866 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. Ubachs, K. S.E. Eikema, W. Hogervorst, and P. C. Cacciani, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2469 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Hinnen, W. Hogervorst, S. Stolte, and W. Ubachs, Can. J. Phys. 72, 1032 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. Ubachs, K. S.E. Eikema, and W. Hogervorst, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 57, 411 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Vassen, W.

K. S.E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, W. Vassen, and W. Hogervorst, Phys. Rev. A 55, 1866 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

Yoshino, K.

P. K. Carroll, C. P. Collins, and K. Yoshino, J. Phys. B 3, L127 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. (1)

W. Ubachs, K. S.E. Eikema, and W. Hogervorst, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 57, 411 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Eckbreth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 421 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. (1)

H. Abgrall, E. Roueff, J.-Y. Roncin, and J.-L. Subtil, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 101, 273 (1993).

Astrophys. J. (1)

D. E. Jennings, S. L. Bragg, and J. W. Brault, Astrophys. J. 282, L85 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Can. J. Phys. (1)

P. C. Hinnen, W. Hogervorst, S. Stolte, and W. Ubachs, Can. J. Phys. 72, 1032 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. C. Bjorklund, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 287 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

T. Namioka, J. Chem. Phys. 40, 3154 (1964).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (2)

H. Abgrall, E. Roueff, J.-Y. Roncin, and J.-L. Subtil, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 157, 512 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Roncin, J.-L. Subtil, and F. Launay, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 188, 128 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. B (1)

P. K. Carroll, C. P. Collins, and K. Yoshino, J. Phys. B 3, L127 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

K. S.E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, W. Vassen, and W. Hogervorst, Phys. Rev. A 55, 1866 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

W. Ubachs and E. Reinhold, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 101302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

E. Cromwell, T. Trickl, Y. T. Lee, and A. H. Kung, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60, 2888 (1989).
[CrossRef]

U. Hollenstein, H. Palm, and F. Merkt, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 4023 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic view of the beam alignment and the resulting directions for the different vacuum ultraviolet wavelengths. In the Kr gas jet the sum frequency 2 ω 1 + ω 2 , difference frequency 2 ω 1 ω 2 , and third-harmonic 3 ω 1 are produced. A phase-matching diagram is included in the upper left. The slit, adjustable in position and width, filters the XUV beam at frequency 2 ω 1 + ω 2 .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser setup for the resonant light at 212 nm. In a computer-controlled feedback loop the diode injection seed is locked to a preset value of an ATOS wavelength meter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

1 + 1 photoionization recording of the R (0–2) lines of the b 1 Σ u + X 1 Σ g + (8, 0) band in N 2 .

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Observed Transition Frequencies for P and R Branch Lines in the H 2 B 1 Σ u + X 1 Σ g + (19, 0) Lyman Band a, b

Tables Icon

Table 2 Observed Transition Frequencies and Linewidths Γ obs for Lines in the b 1 Π u X 1 Σ g + (12, 0) Band and the b 1 Σ u + X 1 Σ g + (8, 0) Band in N 2 a

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