Abstract

Films of porous silica are deposited on the uniform waists of tapered fibers in minutes by a modified solgel dip coating method, inducing less than 0.2 dB of loss. The coated tapers are an ideal platform for realizing all-fiber devices that exploit evanescent-field interactions with the deposited porous film. As an example we demonstrate structural long-period gratings in which a periodic index variation in the film arises from the porosity variation produced by spatially varying exposure of the waist to a scanned CO2 laser beam. The long period grating is insensitive to temperature up to 800 °C.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. J. Brinker and G. W. Scherer, Sol-Gel Science (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1990).
  2. I. M. Thomas, in Sol-Gel Optics Processing and Applications, L. C. Klein, ed. (Kluwer Academic, Boston, 1994).
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    [CrossRef]
  4. H. S. Mackenzie and F. P. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 130 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. M. Henry and F. P. Payne, Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 185 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. N. P. Bansal and R. H. Doremus, Handbook of Glass Properties (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1986).
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    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, R49 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

1999 (2)

1998 (2)

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[CrossRef]

X. J. Xu, Opt. Lett. 23, 509 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

1995 (2)

W. M. Henry and F. P. Payne, Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 185 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Taylor, D. P. Birnie, and B. D. Fabes, J. Mater. Res. 10, 1429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

G. Ghosh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 431 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

H. S. Mackenzie and F. P. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 130 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Almeida, R. M.

R. M. Almeida, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 259, 176 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bansal, N. P.

N. P. Bansal and R. H. Doremus, Handbook of Glass Properties (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1986).

Birks, T. A.

Birnie, D. P.

D. J. Taylor, D. P. Birnie, and B. D. Fabes, J. Mater. Res. 10, 1429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brinker, C. J.

C. J. Brinker and G. W. Scherer, Sol-Gel Science (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1990).

Cheung, G.

Davis, D. D.

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dimmick, T. E.

Doremus, R. H.

N. P. Bansal and R. H. Doremus, Handbook of Glass Properties (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1986).

Erdogan, T.

T. Erdogan, J. Opt. Soc. Am A 14, 1760 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fabes, B. D.

D. J. Taylor, D. P. Birnie, and B. D. Fabes, J. Mater. Res. 10, 1429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gaylord, T. K.

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ghosh, G.

G. Ghosh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 431 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Glytsis, E. N.

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Henry, W. M.

W. M. Henry and F. P. Payne, Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 185 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, I. K.

Jacques, F.

James, S. W.

S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, R49 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kakarantzas, G.

Kim, B. Y.

Knight, J. C.

Kosinski, S. G.

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[CrossRef]

LeRoux, R.

Love, J. D.

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Chapman & Hall, London, 1983).

Mackenzie, H. S.

H. S. Mackenzie and F. P. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 130 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mettler, S. C.

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Payne, F. P.

W. M. Henry and F. P. Payne, Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 185 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Mackenzie and F. P. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 130 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

Scherer, G. W.

C. J. Brinker and G. W. Scherer, Sol-Gel Science (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1990).

Snyder, A. W.

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Chapman & Hall, London, 1983).

Tatam, R. P.

S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, R49 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, D. J.

D. J. Taylor, D. P. Birnie, and B. D. Fabes, J. Mater. Res. 10, 1429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, I. M.

I. M. Thomas, in Sol-Gel Optics Processing and Applications, L. C. Klein, ed. (Kluwer Academic, Boston, 1994).

Vengsarkar, A. M.

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X. J.

Yun, S. H.

Electron. Lett. (2)

H. S. Mackenzie and F. P. Payne, Electron. Lett. 26, 130 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Davis, T. K. Gaylord, E. N. Glytsis, S. G. Kosinski, S. C. Mettler, and A. M. Vengsarkar, Electron. Lett. 34, 302 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

G. Ghosh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 431 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Res. (1)

D. J. Taylor, D. P. Birnie, and B. D. Fabes, J. Mater. Res. 10, 1429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

R. M. Almeida, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 259, 176 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am A (1)

T. Erdogan, J. Opt. Soc. Am A 14, 1760 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, R49 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. M. Henry and F. P. Payne, Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 185 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

C. J. Brinker and G. W. Scherer, Sol-Gel Science (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1990).

I. M. Thomas, in Sol-Gel Optics Processing and Applications, L. C. Klein, ed. (Kluwer Academic, Boston, 1994).

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Chapman & Hall, London, 1983).

N. P. Bansal and R. H. Doremus, Handbook of Glass Properties (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1986).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the modified dip coating process.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectrum of the coated tapered fiber with a 60-period LPG written in the film (solid curve), after the first LPG was erased (dotted curve), and after a second film was deposited and an otherwise identical LPG written (dashed curve).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission spectrum of the coated tapered fiber with a 60-period LPG written in the film (solid curve), and after 40 periods (dotted curve), 45 periods (short-dashed curve), and 50 periods (long-dashed curve) were erased.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temperature dependence of the main resonance while heating (triangles) and cooling (circles).

Equations (1)

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β=kn-U22knρ2,

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