Abstract

We report on the optical properties of a structurally modified silicate glass doped with Au ions. The area in the vicinity of the focal point of an 800-nm femtosecond laser in a glass sample became gray as a result of the formation of color centers after laser irradiation and turned red because of precipitation of Au nanoparticles after further annealing at 550 °C for 30 min. When the glass was excited by UV light at 365 nm, yellowish-white and orange-yellow emissions were observed in the laser-irradiated and the Au-nanoparticle-precipitated area, respectively. An optical Kerr shutter experiment showed that the Au nanoparticle-precipitated glass had an ultrafast nonlinear optical response, and the third-order nonlinear susceptibility was estimated to be 10-11 esu.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. N. Chickov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. Von Alvensleben, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. A 63, 109 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Pronko, S. Dutta, J. Squier, J. Rudd, and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 114, 106 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Misawa, H. Sun, S. Judokazis, M. Watanabe, and S. Matsuo, Proc. SPIE 3933, 246 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. E. N. Glezer and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Homoelle, S. Wielandy, A. L. Gaeta, N. F. Borrelli, and C. Smith, Opt. Lett. 24, 1311 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Qiu, C. Zhu, T. Nakaya, J. Si, F. Ogura, K. Kojima, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3567 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Minoshima, A. M. Kowalevicz, I. Hartl, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 26, 1516 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Sun, Y. Xu, S. Joudkazis, K. Sun, M. Watanabe, J. Nishii, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Opt. Lett. 20, 325 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, K. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, and K. Hirao, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68, 3810 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. H. Armistead and S. D. Stookey, Science 144, 150 (1964).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. H. Homfmeister, S. Thiel, M. Dubiel, and E. Schurig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1694 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Nakaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. Kaneko, H. Sun, X. Duan, and S. Kawata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1426 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Bishay, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 3, 54 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  18. B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. Yamamoto, in Handbook of Phosphors, Keikoutaidogakukai (Ohm, Tokyo, 1987), p. 50.

2003 (1)

K. Kaneko, H. Sun, X. Duan, and S. Kawata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1426 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Nakaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, K. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

J. Qiu, C. Zhu, T. Nakaya, J. Si, F. Ogura, K. Kojima, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3567 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Y. Xu, S. Joudkazis, K. Sun, M. Watanabe, J. Nishii, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Opt. Lett. 20, 325 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Minoshima, A. M. Kowalevicz, I. Hartl, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 26, 1516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. Misawa, H. Sun, S. Judokazis, M. Watanabe, and S. Matsuo, Proc. SPIE 3933, 246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, and K. Hirao, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68, 3810 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Homoelle, S. Wielandy, A. L. Gaeta, N. F. Borrelli, and C. Smith, Opt. Lett. 24, 1311 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

H. Homfmeister, S. Thiel, M. Dubiel, and E. Schurig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1694 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. N. Glezer and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

B. N. Chickov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. Von Alvensleben, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. A 63, 109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Pronko, S. Dutta, J. Squier, J. Rudd, and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 114, 106 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

A. Bishay, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 3, 54 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

W. H. Armistead and S. D. Stookey, Science 144, 150 (1964).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Armistead, W. H.

W. H. Armistead and S. D. Stookey, Science 144, 150 (1964).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bishay, A.

A. Bishay, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 3, 54 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N. F.

Chickov, B. N.

B. N. Chickov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. Von Alvensleben, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. A 63, 109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Davis, K. M.

Duan, X.

K. Kaneko, H. Sun, X. Duan, and S. Kawata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1426 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dubiel, M.

H. Homfmeister, S. Thiel, M. Dubiel, and E. Schurig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1694 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dutta, S.

P. Pronko, S. Dutta, J. Squier, J. Rudd, and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 114, 106 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Fujiwara, S.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, K. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Glezer, E. N.

E. N. Glezer and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Hirao, K.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, K. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Nakaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, C. Zhu, T. Nakaya, J. Si, F. Ogura, K. Kojima, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3567 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, and K. Hirao, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68, 3810 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Homfmeister, H.

H. Homfmeister, S. Thiel, M. Dubiel, and E. Schurig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1694 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Homoelle, D.

Inouye, H.

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, and K. Hirao, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68, 3810 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Jiang, X.

J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Nakaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Joudkazis, S.

H. Sun, Y. Xu, S. Joudkazis, K. Sun, M. Watanabe, J. Nishii, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Opt. Lett. 20, 325 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Judokazis, S.

H. Misawa, H. Sun, S. Judokazis, M. Watanabe, and S. Matsuo, Proc. SPIE 3933, 246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kaneko, K.

K. Kaneko, H. Sun, X. Duan, and S. Kawata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1426 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

K. Kaneko, H. Sun, X. Duan, and S. Kawata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1426 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kojima, K.

J. Qiu, C. Zhu, T. Nakaya, J. Si, F. Ogura, K. Kojima, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3567 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kowalevicz, A. M.

Matsuo, S.

H. Sun, Y. Xu, S. Joudkazis, K. Sun, M. Watanabe, J. Nishii, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Opt. Lett. 20, 325 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Misawa, H. Sun, S. Judokazis, M. Watanabe, and S. Matsuo, Proc. SPIE 3933, 246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

E. N. Glezer and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Minoshima, K.

Misawa, H.

H. Sun, Y. Xu, S. Joudkazis, K. Sun, M. Watanabe, J. Nishii, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Opt. Lett. 20, 325 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Misawa, H. Sun, S. Judokazis, M. Watanabe, and S. Matsuo, Proc. SPIE 3933, 246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mitsuyu, T.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, K. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Momma, C.

B. N. Chickov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. Von Alvensleben, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. A 63, 109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

P. Pronko, S. Dutta, J. Squier, J. Rudd, and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 114, 106 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nakaya, T.

J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Nakaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, C. Zhu, T. Nakaya, J. Si, F. Ogura, K. Kojima, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3567 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nishii, J.

H. Sun, Y. Xu, S. Joudkazis, K. Sun, M. Watanabe, J. Nishii, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Opt. Lett. 20, 325 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

B. N. Chickov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. Von Alvensleben, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. A 63, 109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ogura, F.

J. Qiu, C. Zhu, T. Nakaya, J. Si, F. Ogura, K. Kojima, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3567 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pronko, P.

P. Pronko, S. Dutta, J. Squier, J. Rudd, and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 114, 106 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Nakaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, K. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, C. Zhu, T. Nakaya, J. Si, F. Ogura, K. Kojima, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3567 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchik, A. M.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rudd, J.

P. Pronko, S. Dutta, J. Squier, J. Rudd, and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 114, 106 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sakaguchi, K.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, K. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schurig, E.

H. Homfmeister, S. Thiel, M. Dubiel, and E. Schurig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1694 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shirai, M.

J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Nakaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shore, B.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Si, J.

J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Nakaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, C. Zhu, T. Nakaya, J. Si, F. Ogura, K. Kojima, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3567 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Smith, C.

Squier, J.

P. Pronko, S. Dutta, J. Squier, J. Rudd, and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 114, 106 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Stookey, S. D.

W. H. Armistead and S. D. Stookey, Science 144, 150 (1964).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sugimoto, N.

Sun, H.

K. Kaneko, H. Sun, X. Duan, and S. Kawata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1426 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Y. Xu, S. Joudkazis, K. Sun, M. Watanabe, J. Nishii, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Opt. Lett. 20, 325 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Misawa, H. Sun, S. Judokazis, M. Watanabe, and S. Matsuo, Proc. SPIE 3933, 246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sun, K.

H. Sun, Y. Xu, S. Joudkazis, K. Sun, M. Watanabe, J. Nishii, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Opt. Lett. 20, 325 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tanahashi, I.

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, and K. Hirao, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68, 3810 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, and K. Hirao, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68, 3810 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Thiel, S.

H. Homfmeister, S. Thiel, M. Dubiel, and E. Schurig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1694 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tunnermann, A.

B. N. Chickov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. Von Alvensleben, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. A 63, 109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Von Alvensleben, F.

B. N. Chickov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. Von Alvensleben, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. A 63, 109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, M.

H. Sun, Y. Xu, S. Joudkazis, K. Sun, M. Watanabe, J. Nishii, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Opt. Lett. 20, 325 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Misawa, H. Sun, S. Judokazis, M. Watanabe, and S. Matsuo, Proc. SPIE 3933, 246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wielandy, S.

Xu, Y.

H. Sun, Y. Xu, S. Joudkazis, K. Sun, M. Watanabe, J. Nishii, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Opt. Lett. 20, 325 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, A.

A. Yamamoto, in Handbook of Phosphors, Keikoutaidogakukai (Ohm, Tokyo, 1987), p. 50.

Zhu, C.

J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Nakaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, C. Zhu, T. Nakaya, J. Si, F. Ogura, K. Kojima, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3567 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A (1)

B. N. Chickov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. Von Alvensleben, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. A 63, 109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, K. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. N. Glezer and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, C. Zhu, T. Nakaya, J. Si, F. Ogura, K. Kojima, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3567 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Homfmeister, S. Thiel, M. Dubiel, and E. Schurig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1694 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Nakaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Kaneko, H. Sun, X. Duan, and S. Kawata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1426 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

A. Bishay, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 3, 54 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. (1)

H. Inouye, K. Tanaka, I. Tanahashi, and K. Hirao, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 68, 3810 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Pronko, S. Dutta, J. Squier, J. Rudd, and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 114, 106 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

H. Misawa, H. Sun, S. Judokazis, M. Watanabe, and S. Matsuo, Proc. SPIE 3933, 246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

W. H. Armistead and S. D. Stookey, Science 144, 150 (1964).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

A. Yamamoto, in Handbook of Phosphors, Keikoutaidogakukai (Ohm, Tokyo, 1987), p. 50.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Photograph of images written inside a 0.1-mol.% Au2O3-doped glass sample by a femtosecond laser and (b) emission images when excited by UV light at 365 nm. Image of a face, without annealing; butterfly image, with annealing.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Excitation and emission spectra of the 0.1-mol.% Au2O3-doped glass sample: a, Excitation spectrum of the unirradiated glass. The emission at 514 nm is monitored. b, Emission spectrum of the unirradiated glass. The excitation wavelength is 314 nm. c, Excitation spectrum of the glass after femtosecond laser irradiation. The emission at 525 nm is monitored. d, Emission spectrum of the glass after femtosecond laser irradiation. The excitation wavelength is 326 nm. e, Excitation spectrum of the glass after precipitation of Au nanoparticles. The emission at 516 nm is monitored. f, Emission spectrum of the glass after precipitation of Au nanoparticles. The excitation wavelength is 320 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Decay curve of the OKS in the Au nanoparticle-precipitated glass.

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