Abstract

We report an analysis of the noise statistics for an optically preamplified differential phase-shift keying (DPSK) receiver with balanced and single-port detections. It is found that identical signal–amplified spontaneous emission beating noise exists for bits 1 and 0 in DPSK balanced detection. It is also revealed that the bit error ratio (BER) of a DPSK receiver with balanced detection has no direct relation to the conventional Q factor. Moreover, an analytic BER expression for the DPSK balanced detection receiver is presented.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

Errata

Xiupu Zhang, Guodong Zhang, Chongjin Xie, and Lie Wang, "Noise statistics in optically preamplified differential phase-shift keying receivers with Mach–Zehnder interferometer demodulation: erratum," Opt. Lett. 30, 676-676 (2005)
https://www.osapublishing.org/ol/abstract.cfm?uri=ol-30-6-676

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Hoshida, O. Vassilieva, K. Yamada, S. Choudhary, R. Pecqueur, and H. Kuwahara, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1989 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Xu, X. Liu, L. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 617 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Kuwahara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 454.
  5. A. Gnauck, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 450.
  6. K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, S. Kuroda, and T. Mizuochi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 451.
  7. H. Kim and A. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 320 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Chinn, D. Boroson, and J. Livas, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 370 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. A. Olsson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1071 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (3)

A. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Xu, X. Liu, L. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 617 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim and A. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 320 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1996 (1)

S. Chinn, D. Boroson, and J. Livas, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

N. A. Olsson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1071 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Abe, J.

K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, S. Kuroda, and T. Mizuochi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 451.

Boroson, D.

S. Chinn, D. Boroson, and J. Livas, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, S.

A. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chinn, S.

S. Chinn, D. Boroson, and J. Livas, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Choudhary, S.

Gnauck, A.

H. Kim and A. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 320 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Gnauck, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 450.

Hirano, A.

A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Kuwahara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 454.

Hoshida, T.

Ishida, K.

K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, S. Kuroda, and T. Mizuochi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 451.

Kim, H.

H. Kim and A. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 320 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kinjo, K.

K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, S. Kuroda, and T. Mizuochi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 451.

Kobayashi, T.

K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, S. Kuroda, and T. Mizuochi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 451.

Kuroda, S.

K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, S. Kuroda, and T. Mizuochi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 451.

Kuwahara, H.

Kuwahara, S.

A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Kuwahara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 454.

Leuthold, J.

A. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

C. Xu, X. Liu, L. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 617 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Livas, J.

S. Chinn, D. Boroson, and J. Livas, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, Y.

A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Kuwahara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 454.

Mizuochi, T.

K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, S. Kuroda, and T. Mizuochi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 451.

Mollenauer, L.

C. Xu, X. Liu, L. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 617 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, N. A.

N. A. Olsson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1071 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pecqueur, R.

Stulz, L.

A. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vassilieva, O.

Wei, X.

C. Xu, X. Liu, L. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 617 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

C. Xu, X. Liu, L. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 617 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

A. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Xu, X. Liu, L. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 617 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim and A. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 320 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

S. Chinn, D. Boroson, and J. Livas, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Olsson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1071 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. Hoshida, O. Vassilieva, K. Yamada, S. Choudhary, R. Pecqueur, and H. Kuwahara, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1989 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, and S. Kuwahara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 454.

A. Gnauck, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 450.

K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, S. Kuroda, and T. Mizuochi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), p. 451.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simulated signal–ASE beating noise for IM/DD (solid curve), NRZ DPSK constructive-port detection (dashed curve), and NRZ DPSK balanced detection (crosses).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated BER for DPSK balanced detection (solid curve) and single-port detection or IM/DD (dotted curve).

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

QDPSKB=I1-I0σ1+σ0=2Is2IsRNASEBN+σASEASE21/2IsIsRNASEBN1/2,
QDPSKS=Is-0RIsNASEBN+σASEASE21/2+σASEASEIsRIsNASEBN1/2.
QIM/DD=2Is4RIsNASEBN+σASEASE21/2+σASEASEIsRIsNASEBN1/2.
BER=ProbI1<I0=-12πσ1exp-x-Is22σ12dx×x12πσ0exp-y+Is22σ02dy=12πexp-Is2σs20exp-t2-2Istσs×erfctdt,

Metrics