Abstract

Microfluidic dye lasers three-dimensionally embedded in glass have been fabricated for what is believed to be the first time by integrating micro-optical and microfluidic components by use of a femtosecond laser. By pumping the microfluidic laser, in which the microfluidic chamber was filled with the laser dye Rhodamine 6G dissolved in ethanol, with a frequency-doubled Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet laser, lasing action was confirmed by analysis of the emission spectra at different pump powers. In addition, by arranging two microfluidic chambers serially in the glass, we built a microfluidic twin laser that produces an array of two simultaneous laser emissions with one pump laser.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Masuda, K. Sugioka, Y. Cheng, N. Aoki, M. Kawachi, K. Shihoyama, K. Toyoda, H. Helvajian, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 76, 857 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, K. Midorikawa, M. Masuda, K. Toyoda, M. Kawachi, and K. Shihoyama, Opt. Lett. 28, 55 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, K. Midorikawa, M. Masuda, K. Toyoda, M. Kawachi, and K. Shihoyama, Opt. Lett. 28, 1144 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. A. Burns, B. N. Johnson, S. N. Brahmasandra, K. Handique, J. R. Webster, M. Krishnan, T. S. Sammarco, P. M. Man, D. Jones, D. Heldsinger, C. H. Mastrangelo, and D. T. Burke, Science 282, 484 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. W. W. Hansen, S. W. Janson, and H. Helvajian, Proc. SPIE 2991, 104 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Masuda, K. Sugioka, Y. Cheng, T. Hongo, K. Shiho-yama, H. Takai, I. Miyamoto, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 78, 1029 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. W. Poon, F. Courvoisier, and R. K. Chang, Opt. Lett. 26, 632 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. J. Moon, Y. T. Chough, and K. An, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3161 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, Science 280, 1556 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, M. Masuda, K. Shihoyama, K. Toyoda, and K. Midorikawa, Opt. Express 11, 1809 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Ho, P. R. Herman, Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper CThD6.

2004 (1)

M. Masuda, K. Sugioka, Y. Cheng, T. Hongo, K. Shiho-yama, H. Takai, I. Miyamoto, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 78, 1029 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

H. J. Moon, Y. T. Chough, and K. An, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3161 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (2)

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, Science 280, 1556 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Burns, B. N. Johnson, S. N. Brahmasandra, K. Handique, J. R. Webster, M. Krishnan, T. S. Sammarco, P. M. Man, D. Jones, D. Heldsinger, C. H. Mastrangelo, and D. T. Burke, Science 282, 484 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

W. W. Hansen, S. W. Janson, and H. Helvajian, Proc. SPIE 2991, 104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

An, K.

H. J. Moon, Y. T. Chough, and K. An, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3161 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aoki, N.

M. Masuda, K. Sugioka, Y. Cheng, N. Aoki, M. Kawachi, K. Shihoyama, K. Toyoda, H. Helvajian, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 76, 857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brahmasandra, S. N.

M. A. Burns, B. N. Johnson, S. N. Brahmasandra, K. Handique, J. R. Webster, M. Krishnan, T. S. Sammarco, P. M. Man, D. Jones, D. Heldsinger, C. H. Mastrangelo, and D. T. Burke, Science 282, 484 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burke, D. T.

M. A. Burns, B. N. Johnson, S. N. Brahmasandra, K. Handique, J. R. Webster, M. Krishnan, T. S. Sammarco, P. M. Man, D. Jones, D. Heldsinger, C. H. Mastrangelo, and D. T. Burke, Science 282, 484 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burns, M. A.

M. A. Burns, B. N. Johnson, S. N. Brahmasandra, K. Handique, J. R. Webster, M. Krishnan, T. S. Sammarco, P. M. Man, D. Jones, D. Heldsinger, C. H. Mastrangelo, and D. T. Burke, Science 282, 484 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Capasso, F.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, Science 280, 1556 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, R. K.

Cheng, Y.

M. Masuda, K. Sugioka, Y. Cheng, T. Hongo, K. Shiho-yama, H. Takai, I. Miyamoto, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 78, 1029 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, M. Masuda, K. Shihoyama, K. Toyoda, and K. Midorikawa, Opt. Express 11, 1809 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, K. Midorikawa, M. Masuda, K. Toyoda, M. Kawachi, and K. Shihoyama, Opt. Lett. 28, 1144 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, K. Midorikawa, M. Masuda, K. Toyoda, M. Kawachi, and K. Shihoyama, Opt. Lett. 28, 55 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Masuda, K. Sugioka, Y. Cheng, N. Aoki, M. Kawachi, K. Shihoyama, K. Toyoda, H. Helvajian, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 76, 857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Ho, P. R. Herman, Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper CThD6.

Cho, A. Y.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, Science 280, 1556 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chough, Y. T.

H. J. Moon, Y. T. Chough, and K. An, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3161 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Courvoisier, F.

Faist, J.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, Science 280, 1556 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gmachl, C.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, Science 280, 1556 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Handique, K.

M. A. Burns, B. N. Johnson, S. N. Brahmasandra, K. Handique, J. R. Webster, M. Krishnan, T. S. Sammarco, P. M. Man, D. Jones, D. Heldsinger, C. H. Mastrangelo, and D. T. Burke, Science 282, 484 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hansen, W. W.

W. W. Hansen, S. W. Janson, and H. Helvajian, Proc. SPIE 2991, 104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Heldsinger, D.

M. A. Burns, B. N. Johnson, S. N. Brahmasandra, K. Handique, J. R. Webster, M. Krishnan, T. S. Sammarco, P. M. Man, D. Jones, D. Heldsinger, C. H. Mastrangelo, and D. T. Burke, Science 282, 484 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Helvajian, H.

M. Masuda, K. Sugioka, Y. Cheng, N. Aoki, M. Kawachi, K. Shihoyama, K. Toyoda, H. Helvajian, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 76, 857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. W. Hansen, S. W. Janson, and H. Helvajian, Proc. SPIE 2991, 104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Herman, P. R.

S. Ho, P. R. Herman, Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper CThD6.

Ho, S.

S. Ho, P. R. Herman, Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper CThD6.

Hongo, T.

M. Masuda, K. Sugioka, Y. Cheng, T. Hongo, K. Shiho-yama, H. Takai, I. Miyamoto, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 78, 1029 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Janson, S. W.

W. W. Hansen, S. W. Janson, and H. Helvajian, Proc. SPIE 2991, 104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, B. N.

M. A. Burns, B. N. Johnson, S. N. Brahmasandra, K. Handique, J. R. Webster, M. Krishnan, T. S. Sammarco, P. M. Man, D. Jones, D. Heldsinger, C. H. Mastrangelo, and D. T. Burke, Science 282, 484 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, D.

M. A. Burns, B. N. Johnson, S. N. Brahmasandra, K. Handique, J. R. Webster, M. Krishnan, T. S. Sammarco, P. M. Man, D. Jones, D. Heldsinger, C. H. Mastrangelo, and D. T. Burke, Science 282, 484 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawachi, M.

Krishnan, M.

M. A. Burns, B. N. Johnson, S. N. Brahmasandra, K. Handique, J. R. Webster, M. Krishnan, T. S. Sammarco, P. M. Man, D. Jones, D. Heldsinger, C. H. Mastrangelo, and D. T. Burke, Science 282, 484 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Man, P. M.

M. A. Burns, B. N. Johnson, S. N. Brahmasandra, K. Handique, J. R. Webster, M. Krishnan, T. S. Sammarco, P. M. Man, D. Jones, D. Heldsinger, C. H. Mastrangelo, and D. T. Burke, Science 282, 484 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mastrangelo, C. H.

M. A. Burns, B. N. Johnson, S. N. Brahmasandra, K. Handique, J. R. Webster, M. Krishnan, T. S. Sammarco, P. M. Man, D. Jones, D. Heldsinger, C. H. Mastrangelo, and D. T. Burke, Science 282, 484 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Masuda, M.

Midorikawa, K.

M. Masuda, K. Sugioka, Y. Cheng, T. Hongo, K. Shiho-yama, H. Takai, I. Miyamoto, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 78, 1029 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, M. Masuda, K. Shihoyama, K. Toyoda, and K. Midorikawa, Opt. Express 11, 1809 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Masuda, K. Sugioka, Y. Cheng, N. Aoki, M. Kawachi, K. Shihoyama, K. Toyoda, H. Helvajian, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 76, 857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, K. Midorikawa, M. Masuda, K. Toyoda, M. Kawachi, and K. Shihoyama, Opt. Lett. 28, 55 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, K. Midorikawa, M. Masuda, K. Toyoda, M. Kawachi, and K. Shihoyama, Opt. Lett. 28, 1144 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ho, P. R. Herman, Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper CThD6.

Miyamoto, I.

M. Masuda, K. Sugioka, Y. Cheng, T. Hongo, K. Shiho-yama, H. Takai, I. Miyamoto, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 78, 1029 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moon, H. J.

H. J. Moon, Y. T. Chough, and K. An, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3161 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Narimanov, E. E.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, Science 280, 1556 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nöckel, J. U.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, Science 280, 1556 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poon, A. W.

Sammarco, T. S.

M. A. Burns, B. N. Johnson, S. N. Brahmasandra, K. Handique, J. R. Webster, M. Krishnan, T. S. Sammarco, P. M. Man, D. Jones, D. Heldsinger, C. H. Mastrangelo, and D. T. Burke, Science 282, 484 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shihoyama, K.

Shiho-yama, K.

M. Masuda, K. Sugioka, Y. Cheng, T. Hongo, K. Shiho-yama, H. Takai, I. Miyamoto, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 78, 1029 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sivco, D. L.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, Science 280, 1556 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stone, A. D.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, Science 280, 1556 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sugioka, K.

M. Masuda, K. Sugioka, Y. Cheng, T. Hongo, K. Shiho-yama, H. Takai, I. Miyamoto, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 78, 1029 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, M. Masuda, K. Shihoyama, K. Toyoda, and K. Midorikawa, Opt. Express 11, 1809 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Masuda, K. Sugioka, Y. Cheng, N. Aoki, M. Kawachi, K. Shihoyama, K. Toyoda, H. Helvajian, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 76, 857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, K. Midorikawa, M. Masuda, K. Toyoda, M. Kawachi, and K. Shihoyama, Opt. Lett. 28, 55 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, K. Midorikawa, M. Masuda, K. Toyoda, M. Kawachi, and K. Shihoyama, Opt. Lett. 28, 1144 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ho, P. R. Herman, Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper CThD6.

Takai, H.

M. Masuda, K. Sugioka, Y. Cheng, T. Hongo, K. Shiho-yama, H. Takai, I. Miyamoto, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 78, 1029 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Toyoda, K.

Webster, J. R.

M. A. Burns, B. N. Johnson, S. N. Brahmasandra, K. Handique, J. R. Webster, M. Krishnan, T. S. Sammarco, P. M. Man, D. Jones, D. Heldsinger, C. H. Mastrangelo, and D. T. Burke, Science 282, 484 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. A (2)

M. Masuda, K. Sugioka, Y. Cheng, N. Aoki, M. Kawachi, K. Shihoyama, K. Toyoda, H. Helvajian, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 76, 857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Masuda, K. Sugioka, Y. Cheng, T. Hongo, K. Shiho-yama, H. Takai, I. Miyamoto, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. A 78, 1029 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. J. Moon, Y. T. Chough, and K. An, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3161 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

W. W. Hansen, S. W. Janson, and H. Helvajian, Proc. SPIE 2991, 104 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, Science 280, 1556 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Burns, B. N. Johnson, S. N. Brahmasandra, K. Handique, J. R. Webster, M. Krishnan, T. S. Sammarco, P. M. Man, D. Jones, D. Heldsinger, C. H. Mastrangelo, and D. T. Burke, Science 282, 484 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

S. Ho, P. R. Herman, Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper CThD6.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Optical micrograph of the top view of the microfluidic laser, (b) optical micrograph of the side view of the microfluidic chamber and the through channel, (c) illustration of the light path of the microfluidic laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Digital camera images of (a) laser emission from the glass sample and (b) the far-field pattern of the laser beam irradiated on a receiving screen. Scattered pump light is also shown in green.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectra of emissions of the microfluidic laser at pump powers of (a) 1.66 mJ/cm2 and (b) 4.49 mJ/cm2. The peaks centered at 532 nm are from the scattered pump light.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Optical micrograph of the side view of the two microfluidic chambers serially embedded in glass with a separation distance of 1100 µm (center to center). In comparison with Fig. 1(b), this image is rotated 90°. (b) Digital camera image of two laser emissions from the microfluidic twin laser. The orientations of the microchambers are the same in (a) and (b).

Metrics