Abstract

We report a novel geometry that allows for the phase-matched generation of broadband terahertz radiation in a polymer-based parallel-plate metal waveguide by means of optical rectification. Both the optical pump beam and the generated terahertz radiation propagate in the fundamental mode of the waveguide. This allows for noncritical phase matching over a broad range of terahertz frequencies. We demonstrate guided-wave interaction lengths of up to 3 mm.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. Gallot, S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 851 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1987 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4449 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, Opt. Lett. 26, 846 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Cao, R. A. Linke, and A. Nahata, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Postconference Digest, Vol. 88 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CMB1.
  6. A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, New York, 1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Marcuvitz, Waveguide Handbook (Peregrinus, London, 1993), Chap. 2, p. 64.
  9. A. Nahata, J. Shan, J. T. Yardley, and C. Wu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1553 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, W. R. Holland, J. E. Sohn, S. J. Lalama, R. B. Comizzoli, H. E. Katz, and M. L. Schilling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. A. Mortazavi, A. Knoesen, S. T. Kowel, B. G. Higgins, and A. Dienes, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 733 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Grischkowsky, in Frontiers in Nonlinear Optics, H. Walther, N. Koroteev, and M. O. Scully, eds. (Institute of Physics, Philadelphia, 1992), and references therein.

2001 (1)

2000 (3)

G. Gallot, S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 851 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1987 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4449 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, W. R. Holland, J. E. Sohn, S. J. Lalama, R. B. Comizzoli, H. E. Katz, and M. L. Schilling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

H. Cao, R. A. Linke, and A. Nahata, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Postconference Digest, Vol. 88 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CMB1.

Comizzoli, R. B.

K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, W. R. Holland, J. E. Sohn, S. J. Lalama, R. B. Comizzoli, H. E. Katz, and M. L. Schilling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Dienes, A.

Gallot, G.

Grischkowsky, D.

R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, Opt. Lett. 26, 846 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1987 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Gallot, S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 851 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4449 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Grischkowsky, in Frontiers in Nonlinear Optics, H. Walther, N. Koroteev, and M. O. Scully, eds. (Institute of Physics, Philadelphia, 1992), and references therein.

Heinz, T. F.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Higgins, B. G.

Holland, W. R.

K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, W. R. Holland, J. E. Sohn, S. J. Lalama, R. B. Comizzoli, H. E. Katz, and M. L. Schilling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Jamison, S. P.

S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1987 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Gallot, S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 851 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Katz, H. E.

K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, W. R. Holland, J. E. Sohn, S. J. Lalama, R. B. Comizzoli, H. E. Katz, and M. L. Schilling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Knoesen, A.

Kowel, S. T.

Kuzyk, M. G.

K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, W. R. Holland, J. E. Sohn, S. J. Lalama, R. B. Comizzoli, H. E. Katz, and M. L. Schilling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lalama, S. J.

K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, W. R. Holland, J. E. Sohn, S. J. Lalama, R. B. Comizzoli, H. E. Katz, and M. L. Schilling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Linke, R. A.

H. Cao, R. A. Linke, and A. Nahata, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Postconference Digest, Vol. 88 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CMB1.

Marcuvitz, N.

N. Marcuvitz, Waveguide Handbook (Peregrinus, London, 1993), Chap. 2, p. 64.

McGowan, R. W.

G. Gallot, S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 851 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1987 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mendis, R.

R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, Opt. Lett. 26, 846 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4449 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mortazavi, M. A.

Nahata, A.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, J. Shan, J. T. Yardley, and C. Wu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1553 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, R. A. Linke, and A. Nahata, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Postconference Digest, Vol. 88 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CMB1.

Saleh, B. E. A.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, New York, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Schilling, M. L.

K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, W. R. Holland, J. E. Sohn, S. J. Lalama, R. B. Comizzoli, H. E. Katz, and M. L. Schilling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Shan, J.

Singer, K. D.

K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, W. R. Holland, J. E. Sohn, S. J. Lalama, R. B. Comizzoli, H. E. Katz, and M. L. Schilling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sohn, J. E.

K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, W. R. Holland, J. E. Sohn, S. J. Lalama, R. B. Comizzoli, H. E. Katz, and M. L. Schilling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Teich, M. C.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, New York, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Weling, A. S.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C.

Yardley, J. T.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1987 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, W. R. Holland, J. E. Sohn, S. J. Lalama, R. B. Comizzoli, H. E. Katz, and M. L. Schilling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4449 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (4)

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, New York, 1991).
[CrossRef]

N. Marcuvitz, Waveguide Handbook (Peregrinus, London, 1993), Chap. 2, p. 64.

D. Grischkowsky, in Frontiers in Nonlinear Optics, H. Walther, N. Koroteev, and M. O. Scully, eds. (Institute of Physics, Philadelphia, 1992), and references therein.

H. Cao, R. A. Linke, and A. Nahata, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Postconference Digest, Vol. 88 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CMB1.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the optical and THz waveguide. Both the optical pump and the generated THz radiation propagate in the fundamental mode of the waveguide. NLO, nonlinear optical.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured temporal waveforms of THz pulses generated by means of optical rectification for waveguide lengths of 1, 2, and 3 mm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Coherence length versus THz frequency for optical rectification in the polymer-based parallel-plate waveguide with optical excitation at 820 nm.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

βωopt+ωTHz-βωopt=βωTHz.
Lc=πcωTHzng-nTHzeff.
tan2d12n1ωc2-β21/2=β2-n2ω/c2n1ω/c2-β2n14n24,
nTHzeff=d1+d2+d3d1/nTHz12+d2/nTHz22+d3/nTHz221/2,

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