Abstract

We obtained a long-time-storage mechanism for spectral features in thulium ions doped into YAG by applying a magnetic field that splits the electronic ground state. We show experimentally that the storage time can be more than 30 s, which is 3 orders of magnitude longer than that of the metastable state that normally is used for information storage in this material. Level splitting and storage lifetimes for various magnetic field strengths of as much as 5 T were investigated. This storage mechanism will be relevant in the many coherent transient-based signal-processing schemes in which Tm:YAG is being used, and we demonstrate long-time storage in a basic data storage application.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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2002 (1)

2001 (2)

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

C. Greiner, B. Boggs, T. Loftus, T. Wang, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 60, R2657 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1995 (3)

1993 (2)

R. M. Macfarlane, Opt. Lett. 18, 1958 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Holliday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, and U. P. Wild, Phys. Rev. B 47, 14741 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

W. R. Babbitt, A. Lezama, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. B 39, 1987 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, and L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1961 (1)

R. Orbach, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 264, 458 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Babbitt, W. R.

Boggs, B.

C. Greiner, B. Boggs, T. Loftus, T. Wang, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 60, R2657 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Croci, M.

K. Holliday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, and U. P. Wild, Phys. Rev. B 47, 14741 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D.

Esterowitz, L.

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, and L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Greiner, C.

C. Greiner, B. Boggs, T. Loftus, T. Wang, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 60, R2657 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gruber, J. B.

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, and L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hills, M. E.

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, and L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Holliday, K.

K. Holliday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, and U. P. Wild, Phys. Rev. B 47, 14741 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J. P.

Julsgaard, B.

B. Julsgaard, A. Kozhekin, and E. S. Polzik, Nature 413, 400 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kachru, R.

Kintz, G. J.

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, and L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kozhekin, A.

B. Julsgaard, A. Kozhekin, and E. S. Polzik, Nature 413, 400 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Le Gouët, J.-L.

Levin, L.

Lezama, A.

W. R. Babbitt, A. Lezama, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. B 39, 1987 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

Loftus, T.

C. Greiner, B. Boggs, T. Loftus, T. Wang, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 60, R2657 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lorgere, I.

Macfarlane, R. M.

R. M. Macfarlane, Opt. Lett. 18, 1958 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, and L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, in Spectroscopy of Solids Containing Rare Earth Ions, A. A. Kaplyanskii and R. M. Macfarlane, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1987), Chap. 3, p. 51.
[CrossRef]

Menager, L.

Merkel, K. D.

Morrison, C. A.

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, and L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mossberg, T. W.

C. Greiner, B. Boggs, T. Loftus, T. Wang, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 60, R2657 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, T. Wang, and T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 1658 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Wang, H. Lin, and T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 2541 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Babbitt, A. Lezama, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. B 39, 1987 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Orbach, R.

R. Orbach, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 264, 458 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Peters, R. D.

Polzik, E. S.

B. Julsgaard, A. Kozhekin, and E. S. Polzik, Nature 413, 400 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quarles, G. J.

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, and L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Repasky, K. S.

Sellin, P. B.

Shelby, R. M.

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, in Spectroscopy of Solids Containing Rare Earth Ions, A. A. Kaplyanskii and R. M. Macfarlane, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1987), Chap. 3, p. 51.
[CrossRef]

Shen, X. A.

Turner, G. A.

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, and L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Vauthey, E.

K. Holliday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, and U. P. Wild, Phys. Rev. B 47, 14741 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

Wild, U. P.

K. Holliday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, and U. P. Wild, Phys. Rev. B 47, 14741 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

B. Julsgaard, A. Kozhekin, and E. S. Polzik, Nature 413, 400 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (8)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

C. Greiner, B. Boggs, T. Loftus, T. Wang, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. A 60, R2657 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, G. J. Kintz, and L. Esterowitz, Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. Holliday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, and U. P. Wild, Phys. Rev. B 47, 14741 (1993).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Babbitt, A. Lezama, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. B 39, 1987 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A (1)

R. Orbach, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 264, 458 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, in Spectroscopy of Solids Containing Rare Earth Ions, A. A. Kaplyanskii and R. M. Macfarlane, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1987), Chap. 3, p. 51.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectral structure that arises as a result of hole burning at magnetic field strengths of 0.1–5.0 T. The traces are single-shot transmission measurements for which the laser frequency has been scanned over 400 MHz in 190 µs. For clarity, the traces have been offset by an amount proportional to the applied magnetic fields.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental demonstration of storage of a 16-bit pattern for 200 ms by use of photon echoes. Top, frequency (f) and amplitude (A) of the light versus time; bottom, a single-shot trace of the recalled data.

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