Abstract

Time-resolved polarization is used to extract coded information buried within the multiple scattering profiles from the early ballistic and snake components as they pass through turbid media. By polarization analysis the depolarized diffusive component and the natural-light background are significantly reduced to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio of a coded pulse train. This procedure has the potential to improve optical wireless communication in cloudy environments.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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2002

D. Killinger, Opt. Photon. News 13(10), 36 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

A. D. Kim and M. Moscoso, Phys. Rev. E 64, 026612 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. Cai, M. Lax, and R. R. Alfano, Phys. Rev. E 63, 016606 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

1998

E. E. Gorodnichev, A. I. Kuzovlev, and D. B. Rogozkin, JETP Lett. 68, 22 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1996

1992

1991

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, C. Liu, G. Zhang, and R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990

Alfano, R. R.

W. Cai, M. Lax, and R. R. Alfano, Phys. Rev. E 63, 016606 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Demos and R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 21, 161 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, C. Liu, G. Zhang, and R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Yoo and R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 15, 320 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bonner, R. F.

Cai, W.

W. Cai, M. Lax, and R. R. Alfano, Phys. Rev. E 63, 016606 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cameron, B. D.

Cote, G. L.

Demos, S. G.

Gandjbakhche, A. H.

Gorodnichev, E. E.

E. E. Gorodnichev, A. I. Kuzovlev, and D. B. Rogozkin, JETP Lett. 68, 22 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ho, P. P.

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, C. Liu, G. Zhang, and R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, A. P.

E. P. Zege, A. P. Ivanov, and I. L. Katsev, Image Transfer through a Scattering Medium (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Katsev, I. L.

E. P. Zege, A. P. Ivanov, and I. L. Katsev, Image Transfer through a Scattering Medium (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Kattawar, G. W.

Khong, M. P.

Killinger, D.

D. Killinger, Opt. Photon. News 13(10), 36 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, A. D.

A. D. Kim and M. Moscoso, Phys. Rev. E 64, 026612 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kuzovlev, A. I.

E. E. Gorodnichev, A. I. Kuzovlev, and D. B. Rogozkin, JETP Lett. 68, 22 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lax, M.

W. Cai, M. Lax, and R. R. Alfano, Phys. Rev. E 63, 016606 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, C. Liu, G. Zhang, and R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mehrubeoglu, M.

Morgan, S. P.

Moscoso, M.

A. D. Kim and M. Moscoso, Phys. Rev. E 64, 026612 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rakovic, M. J.

Rastegar, S.

Rogozkin, D. B.

E. E. Gorodnichev, A. I. Kuzovlev, and D. B. Rogozkin, JETP Lett. 68, 22 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schmitt, J. M.

Somekh, M. G.

van de Hulst, H. C.

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957).

Wang, L.

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, C. Liu, G. Zhang, and R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L. V.

Yao, G.

Yoo, K. M.

Zege, E. P.

E. P. Zege, A. P. Ivanov, and I. L. Katsev, Image Transfer through a Scattering Medium (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, C. Liu, G. Zhang, and R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

JETP Lett.

E. E. Gorodnichev, A. I. Kuzovlev, and D. B. Rogozkin, JETP Lett. 68, 22 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Photon. News

D. Killinger, Opt. Photon. News 13(10), 36 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

A. D. Kim and M. Moscoso, Phys. Rev. E 64, 026612 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. Cai, M. Lax, and R. R. Alfano, Phys. Rev. E 63, 016606 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Science

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, C. Liu, G. Zhang, and R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

F. Smith, ed., Atmospheric Propagation of Radiation, Vol. 2 of The Infrared and Electro-Optical Systems Handbook (SPIE, Bellingham, Wash., 1993).

E. P. Zege, A. P. Ivanov, and I. L. Katsev, Image Transfer through a Scattering Medium (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991).
[CrossRef]

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental arrangement.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Time-resolved profiles of light that has passed through a turbid medium containing small particles with d=0.213 µm. (a) Time-resolved profile for It parallel (solid curve) and It perpendicular (dotted curve) branches of the light from a single pulse; (b) the polarization difference ΔIt. In this experiment, for a single pulse the scattering length is ls=0.434 cm and the transport mean free length is ltr=0.711 cm. (c) Time-resolved profiles for parallel (solid curve) and perpendicular (dotted curve) branches of the light from a series of four pulses; (d) the corresponding ΔIt. In this experiment, for a pulse train ls=0.463 cm and ltr=0.759 cm; the number of scattering events L/ls is 13.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Time-resolved profiles of light that has passed through a turbid medium containing large particles with d=0.855 µm. (a) Time-resolved profiles for It parallel (solid curve) and It perpendicular (dotted curve) branches of the light from a single pulse; (b) the corresponding ΔIt. In this experiment, for a single pulse ls=0.063 cm and ltr=0.67 cm. (c) Time-resolved profiles for parallel (solid curve) and perpendicular (dotted curve) branches of the light from a series of four pulses; (d) the polarization difference ΔIt. In this experiment for a pulse train ls=0.086 cm and ltr=0.91 cm; the number of scattering events L/ls is 70.

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