Abstract

We demonstrate a new approach to fast optical switching with a technique based on stimulated Raman adiabatic passage in which a laser pulse switches the probe field on and off via another coupling pulse. This new kind of optical switching is not limited by the decay rate of an excited state and can operate in the subnanosecond time domain. The experimental observation in Rb atomic vapor is in good agreement with numerical simulations.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge University, Cambridge, England, 1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. S. Manka, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. Fleischhauser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1789 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. S. Ham and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4080 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. For a review see E. Arimondo, Prog. Opt. 35, 257 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Halfmann and K. Bergmann, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 7068 (1996).
  9. M. O. Scully, G. W. Kattawar, R. P. Lucht, T. Opatrny, H. Pilloff, A. Rebane, A. V. Sokolov, and M. S. Zubairy, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99, 10994 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 552 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. Schmidt and R. J. Ram, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3173 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. U. Hohenester, F. Troiani, E. Molinar, G. Panzarini, and C. Macchiavello, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1864 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Netz, A. Nazarkin, and R. Sauerbrey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 063001 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

R. Netz, A. Nazarkin, and R. Sauerbrey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 063001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. O. Scully, G. W. Kattawar, R. P. Lucht, T. Opatrny, H. Pilloff, A. Rebane, A. V. Sokolov, and M. S. Zubairy, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99, 10994 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

B. S. Ham and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4080 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Schmidt and R. J. Ram, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3173 (2000).
[CrossRef]

U. Hohenester, F. Troiani, E. Molinar, G. Panzarini, and C. Macchiavello, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1864 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge University, Cambridge, England, 1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

For a review see E. Arimondo, Prog. Opt. 35, 257 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Halfmann and K. Bergmann, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 7068 (1996).

1994 (1)

A. S. Manka, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. Fleischhauser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1789 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 552 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arimondo, E.

For a review see E. Arimondo, Prog. Opt. 35, 257 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bergmann, K.

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Halfmann and K. Bergmann, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 7068 (1996).

Bowden, C. M.

A. S. Manka, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. Fleischhauser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1789 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dowling, J. P.

A. S. Manka, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. Fleischhauser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1789 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleischhauser, M.

A. S. Manka, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. Fleischhauser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1789 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halfmann, T.

T. Halfmann and K. Bergmann, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 7068 (1996).

Ham, B. S.

B. S. Ham and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4080 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 552 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hemmer, P. R.

B. S. Ham and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4080 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hohenester, U.

U. Hohenester, F. Troiani, E. Molinar, G. Panzarini, and C. Macchiavello, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1864 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kattawar, G. W.

M. O. Scully, G. W. Kattawar, R. P. Lucht, T. Opatrny, H. Pilloff, A. Rebane, A. V. Sokolov, and M. S. Zubairy, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99, 10994 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lucht, R. P.

M. O. Scully, G. W. Kattawar, R. P. Lucht, T. Opatrny, H. Pilloff, A. Rebane, A. V. Sokolov, and M. S. Zubairy, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99, 10994 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Macchiavello, C.

U. Hohenester, F. Troiani, E. Molinar, G. Panzarini, and C. Macchiavello, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1864 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Manka, A. S.

A. S. Manka, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. Fleischhauser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1789 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Molinar, E.

U. Hohenester, F. Troiani, E. Molinar, G. Panzarini, and C. Macchiavello, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1864 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nazarkin, A.

R. Netz, A. Nazarkin, and R. Sauerbrey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 063001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Netz, R.

R. Netz, A. Nazarkin, and R. Sauerbrey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 063001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opatrny, T.

M. O. Scully, G. W. Kattawar, R. P. Lucht, T. Opatrny, H. Pilloff, A. Rebane, A. V. Sokolov, and M. S. Zubairy, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99, 10994 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Panzarini, G.

U. Hohenester, F. Troiani, E. Molinar, G. Panzarini, and C. Macchiavello, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1864 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pilloff, H.

M. O. Scully, G. W. Kattawar, R. P. Lucht, T. Opatrny, H. Pilloff, A. Rebane, A. V. Sokolov, and M. S. Zubairy, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99, 10994 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ram, R. J.

H. Schmidt and R. J. Ram, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3173 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rebane, A.

M. O. Scully, G. W. Kattawar, R. P. Lucht, T. Opatrny, H. Pilloff, A. Rebane, A. V. Sokolov, and M. S. Zubairy, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99, 10994 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rickey, E. G.

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sauerbrey, R.

R. Netz, A. Nazarkin, and R. Sauerbrey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 063001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, H.

H. Schmidt and R. J. Ram, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3173 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Scully, M. O.

M. O. Scully, G. W. Kattawar, R. P. Lucht, T. Opatrny, H. Pilloff, A. Rebane, A. V. Sokolov, and M. S. Zubairy, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99, 10994 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge University, Cambridge, England, 1997).
[CrossRef]

Shore, B. W.

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sokolov, A. V.

M. O. Scully, G. W. Kattawar, R. P. Lucht, T. Opatrny, H. Pilloff, A. Rebane, A. V. Sokolov, and M. S. Zubairy, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99, 10994 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Theuer, H.

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Troiani, F.

U. Hohenester, F. Troiani, E. Molinar, G. Panzarini, and C. Macchiavello, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1864 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M.

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zubairy, M. S.

M. O. Scully, G. W. Kattawar, R. P. Lucht, T. Opatrny, H. Pilloff, A. Rebane, A. V. Sokolov, and M. S. Zubairy, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99, 10994 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge University, Cambridge, England, 1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. Schmidt and R. J. Ram, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3173 (2000).
[CrossRef]

U. Hohenester, F. Troiani, E. Molinar, G. Panzarini, and C. Macchiavello, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1864 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

T. Halfmann and K. Bergmann, J. Chem. Phys. 104, 7068 (1996).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

A. S. Manka, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. Fleischhauser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1789 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Ham and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4080 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Netz, A. Nazarkin, and R. Sauerbrey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 063001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 552 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

M. O. Scully, G. W. Kattawar, R. P. Lucht, T. Opatrny, H. Pilloff, A. Rebane, A. V. Sokolov, and M. S. Zubairy, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99, 10994 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Opt. (1)

For a review see E. Arimondo, Prog. Opt. 35, 257 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge University, Cambridge, England, 1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Simplified energy level diagram of a Rb atom. Rabi frequencies for coupling Ωct, switching Ωst, and probe αt. (b) Schematic of the experimental setup: ECDL, external-cavity diode laser; I, isolator; P, polarizer; Ls, lenses; Ms, mirrors; D, detector; PBS, polarization beam splitter; BS, beam splitter; AOM1, AOM2, acousto-optic modulators.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental pulse shapes recorded before (trace A) and after (trace B, enlarged by 2.5 times) the cell as a function of time. (a) No switching pulse. (b) Switching pulse inside the coupling pulse. (c) Delayed switching pulse corresponding to STIRAP.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Numerical simulations of the time evolution of laser pulses before (trace A) and after (trace B) the cell. (a), (b), and (c) are plotted with the same parameters as in (a), (b), and (c) in Fig. 2, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Same as in Fig. 3 but showing the atom population transfer among different levels.

Equations (1)

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γ±=-Γ+γ2±Γ-γ22-Ω21/2,

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