Abstract

We obtain direct stabilization of the carrier-envelope phase for a standard x-folded geometry, octave-spanning, Ti:sapphire laser. The in-loop accumulated carrier-envelope phase error is 0.175 rad (1.65 mHz to 102 kHz). Intracavity continuum generation, which is responsible for the octave bandwidth, is characterized through measurement of the beam parameters.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  12. This information is given for technical purposes only and does not represent an endorsement on the part of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
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2003 (2)

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Henschel, E. Gouliemakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, I. A. Scrinz, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

For a review see, for example, S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

2001 (1)

2000 (3)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 25 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

J. P. Likforman, A. Alexandrou, and M. Joffre, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2257 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

Alexandrou, A.

J. P. Likforman, A. Alexandrou, and M. Joffre, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2257 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Angelow, G.

Apolonski, A.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Henschel, E. Gouliemakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, I. A. Scrinz, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartels, A.

Boiko, A.

Chen, Y.

Cho, S. H.

Cristov, I. P.

Cundiff, S. T.

For a review see, for example, S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Fortier, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 27, 445 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. T. Cundiff, W. H. Knox, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 21, 662 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dunlop, A. E.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ell, R.

Fortier, T. M.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gohle, C.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Henschel, E. Gouliemakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, I. A. Scrinz, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gouliemakis, E.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Henschel, E. Gouliemakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, I. A. Scrinz, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Henschel, E. Gouliemakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, I. A. Scrinz, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haus, H. A.

Henschel, M.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Henschel, E. Gouliemakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, I. A. Scrinz, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Henschel, E. Gouliemakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, I. A. Scrinz, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

Joffre, M.

J. P. Likforman, A. Alexandrou, and M. Joffre, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2257 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H.

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

Krausz, F.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Henschel, E. Gouliemakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, I. A. Scrinz, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurz, H.

Lederer, M. J.

Likforman, J. P.

J. P. Likforman, A. Alexandrou, and M. Joffre, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2257 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Morgner, U.

Murnane, M.

Poppe, A.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ranka, J. K.

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 25 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scheuer, V.

Scrinz, I. A.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Henschel, E. Gouliemakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, I. A. Scrinz, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, C.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinmeyer, G.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stentz, A. J.

Sutter, D. H.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Telle, H. R.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tempea, G.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tschudi, T.

Udem, T.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Henschel, E. Gouliemakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, I. A. Scrinz, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Henschel, E. Gouliemakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, I. A. Scrinz, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Windeler, R. S.

Yakovlev, V. S.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Henschel, E. Gouliemakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, I. A. Scrinz, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ye, J.

For a review see, for example, S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Fortier, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 27, 445 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. P. Likforman, A. Alexandrou, and M. Joffre, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2257 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Henschel, E. Gouliemakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, I. A. Scrinz, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

For a review see, for example, S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

This information is given for technical purposes only and does not represent an endorsement on the part of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental schematic of the Ti:S laser and the νto2ν interferometer used for measurement of the laser offset frequency. The prisms in the νto2ν interferometer are used for spectral dispersion (not compression). The separation between the two mirrors after the second prism is 1 mm. The βbarium borate (BBO) crystal is 10 mm long and is cut for frequency doubling at 1550 nm. We have not been able to reproduce the octave spectrum with fused silica prisms. PMT, photomultiplier tube; P1, P2, prisms. (b) In-loop phase noise power spectral density (PSD) of the stabilized comb offset versus frequency, and integrated phase error as a function of observation time. Inset, rf spectrum of fo at a 100-kHz-resolution bandwidth.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Laser beam profile for selected wavelengths. (b) 90/10 knife-edge fit used to determine the spot sizes in the sagittal (filled squares) and tangential (empty squares) planes. The solid and dashed lines are the respective fits to the expected 1/λ diffraction limit divergence.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured beam waists and (b) measured beam divergences at the laser output coupler of the laser in the sagittal (filled squares) and tangential planes (empty squares) versus wavelength. In (a) the output coupler transmission (right axis) is included to indicate the bandwidth of the resonant versus nonresonant modes. In (b) the solid and dotted curves represent the calculated TEM00 beam divergences that would result from the measured waist sizes [shown in (a)] in the sagittal and tangential planes, respectively.

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