Abstract

We demonstrate a novel compact femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser system operating at repetition rates from 10 kHz to 4 MHz. The scheme is based on the combination of a broadband cavity-dumped oscillator and a double-pass Ti:sapphire amplifier pumped by a low-noise cw solid-state laser. Amplified pulses with an extremely smooth spectrum, a duration of only 12 fs, and less than 0.25% rms fluctuation are generated in a beam with M2<1.2. A maximum pulse energy of 210 nJ and an average output power of as much as 720 mW are achieved. This output energy is sufficient to generate a stable continuum in a sapphire disk.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, 219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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R. Huber, F. Tauser, A. Brodschelm, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, and A. Leitenstorfer, Nature 414, 286 (2001).
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S. H. Cho, F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, J. E. Cunningham, and W. H. Knox, Opt. Lett. 26, 560 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (4)

E. Zeek, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Backus, and G. Vdovin, Opt. Lett. 25, 587 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, R. Huber, J. Y. Sohn, and A. Leitenstorfer, Springer Ser. Chem. Phys. 66, 215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

1998 (2)

Y. Nabekawa, Y. Kuramoto, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Lett. 23, 1384 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee III, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci, Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, Opt. Lett. 21, 668 (1996).
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G. N. Gibson, R. Klank, F. Gibson, and B. E Bouma, Opt. Lett. 21, 1055 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

1994 (2)

1993 (2)

1992 (2)

T. B. Norris, Opt. Lett. 17, 1009 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Proctor and F. Wise, Opt. Lett. 15, 1295 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1985 (1)

Abstreiter, G.

R. Huber, F. Tauser, A. Brodschelm, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, and A. Leitenstorfer, Nature 414, 286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Angelow, G.

Arnett, D. C.

Backus, S.

Bartels, R.

Barty, C. P. J.

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, Opt. Lett. 21, 668 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baum, P.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, 219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bichler, M.

R. Huber, F. Tauser, A. Brodschelm, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, and A. Leitenstorfer, Nature 414, 286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouma, B. E

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brodschelm, A.

R. Huber, F. Tauser, A. Brodschelm, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, and A. Leitenstorfer, Nature 414, 286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, R. Huber, J. Y. Sohn, and A. Leitenstorfer, Springer Ser. Chem. Phys. 66, 215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Cho, S. H.

Cunningham, J. E.

de Boeij, W. P.

DeFranzo, A.

Durfee III, C. G.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee III, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci, Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gallmann, L.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, 219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gibson, F.

Gibson, G. N.

Guo, T.

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, Opt. Lett. 21, 668 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haus, H. A.

Huang, C.-P.

Huber, R.

R. Huber, F. Tauser, A. Brodschelm, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, and A. Leitenstorfer, Nature 414, 286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, R. Huber, J. Y. Sohn, and A. Leitenstorfer, Springer Ser. Chem. Phys. 66, 215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, 219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Klank, R.

Knox, W. H.

Kozeki, T.

Z. Liu, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

Kuramoto, Y.

Le Blanc, C.

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, Opt. Lett. 21, 668 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leitenstorfer, A.

R. Huber, F. Tauser, A. Brodschelm, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, and A. Leitenstorfer, Nature 414, 286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, R. Huber, J. Y. Sohn, and A. Leitenstorfer, Springer Ser. Chem. Phys. 66, 215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lenzner, M.

Liau, Y.-H.

Liu, Z.

Z. Liu, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lochbrunner, S.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, 219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maginnis, K.

Morgner, U.

Moulton, P. F.

Mourou, G.

Murakami, H.

Z. Liu, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

Nabekawa, Y.

Norris, T. B.

Ohtake, H.

Z. Liu, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Paye, J.

Pazol, B.

Proctor, B.

B. Proctor and F. Wise, Opt. Lett. 15, 1295 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

Raksi, F.

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, Opt. Lett. 21, 668 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramaswamy, M.

Riedle, E.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, 219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rose-Petruck, C.

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, Opt. Lett. 21, 668 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russek, U.

Salin, F.

Sarukura, N.

Z. Liu, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, N. F.

Scheuer, V.

Schmidt, A. J.

Sekikawa, T.

Shi, C.

Sohn, J. Y.

A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, R. Huber, J. Y. Sohn, and A. Leitenstorfer, Springer Ser. Chem. Phys. 66, 215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

Squier, J.

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, Opt. Lett. 21, 668 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Squier, F. Salin, and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 16, 324 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinmeyer, G.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, 219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tauser, F.

R. Huber, F. Tauser, A. Brodschelm, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, and A. Leitenstorfer, Nature 414, 286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, R. Huber, J. Y. Sohn, and A. Leitenstorfer, Springer Ser. Chem. Phys. 66, 215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Togashi, T.

Tschudi, T.

Ulman, M.

Unterreiner, A. N.

Vdovin, G.

Watanabe, S.

Wiersma, D. A.

Wilson, K. R.

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, Opt. Lett. 21, 668 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wintner, E.

Wise, F.

B. Proctor and F. Wise, Opt. Lett. 15, 1295 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. V.

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, Opt. Lett. 21, 668 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamakawa, K.

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, Opt. Lett. 21, 668 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeek, E.

Zhou, J.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, L. Gallmann, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 74, 219 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. Liu, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

R. Huber, F. Tauser, A. Brodschelm, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, and A. Leitenstorfer, Nature 414, 286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, Opt. Lett. 21, 668 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (13)

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci, Instrum. (1)

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee III, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Rev. Sci, Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Springer Ser. Chem. Phys. (1)

A. Brodschelm, F. Tauser, R. Huber, J. Y. Sohn, and A. Leitenstorfer, Springer Ser. Chem. Phys. 66, 215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Femtosource SCIENTIFIC XL, Femtolasers Productions GmbH, Vienna, Austria.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

CD Ti:Sa laser, double-pass amplifier, and prism compressor setup. Ti:Sa1, oscillator gain crystal; AOM, acousto-optic modulator; OC, output coupler; BP1–BP6, fused silica prisms; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; FR, Faraday rotator; λ/2, half-wave plate; L, lens with f=10 cm; M1, M2, focusing mirrors with R1=10 cm and R2=5 cm, respectively; Ti:Sa2, amplifier gain crystal; RT, reflective telescope; DM, deformable mirror; BBO, doubling crystal; PD, UV-sensitive photodiode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Spectrum of the CD seed pulses (2 MHz, solid curve) and the amplified pulses at the compressor output (dotted curve). Interferometric autocorrelation of amplified pulses (b) without and (c) including compensation for higher-order chirp by the deformable mirror. A Gaussian fit (dashed curve) is consistent with a pulse duration of tp=12 fs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Amplification factor (solid curve) and overall output power (dashed curve) as a function of the repetition rate. (b) Amplification factor as a function of the temperature of the heat sink.

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