Abstract

A highly photosensitive Sb/Er/Ge-codoped silica fiber for fabricating fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) with strong high-temperature sustainability is presented. The photosensitivity and the high-temperature sustainability of FBGs created in this fiber are examined and compared with those produced in a Sn-doped silica fiber. The results show that the Sb/Er/Ge fiber has a much higher level of photosensitivity than the Sn-doped silica fiber and that the FBGs have a similar high-temperature sustainability of 800 °C. The strong fluorescence properties observed from this fiber are also examined.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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2003 (1)

Y. Shen, W. Zhao, J. He, T. Sun, and K. T. V. Grattan, IEEE Sensors J. 3, 507 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

G. Brambilla, V. Pruneri, and L. Reekie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. R. Baker, H. N. Rourke, V. Baker, and D. Goodchild, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1470 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1993 (2)

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, J. R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, K. O. Hill, T. F. Morse, A. Kilian, and L. Reinhart, Opt. Lett. 15, 1138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ainslie, B. J.

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, J. R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Armitage, J. R.

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, J. R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Atkins, R. M.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Baker, S. R.

S. R. Baker, H. N. Rourke, V. Baker, and D. Goodchild, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1470 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Baker, V.

S. R. Baker, H. N. Rourke, V. Baker, and D. Goodchild, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1470 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bilodeau, F.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, K. O. Hill, T. F. Morse, A. Kilian, and L. Reinhart, Opt. Lett. 15, 1138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brambilla, G.

G. Brambilla, V. Pruneri, and L. Reekie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Broer, M. M.

Campbell, R.

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, J. R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. M.

Cone, R. L.

Cruz, J. L.

Dong, L.

Forsyth, D. I.

Goodchild, D.

S. R. Baker, H. N. Rourke, V. Baker, and D. Goodchild, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1470 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Grattan, K. T. V.

Y. Shen, W. Zhao, J. He, T. Sun, and K. T. V. Grattan, IEEE Sensors J. 3, 507 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. I. Forsyth, S. A. Wade, T. Sun, X. M. Chen, and K. T. V. Grattan, Appl. Opt. 41, 6585 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. T. V. Grattan and Z. Y. Zhang, Fiber Optic Fluorescence Thermometry (Chapman & Hall, London, 1995).

He, J.

Y. Shen, W. Zhao, J. He, T. Sun, and K. T. V. Grattan, IEEE Sensors J. 3, 507 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, K. O. Hill, T. F. Morse, A. Kilian, and L. Reinhart, Opt. Lett. 15, 1138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, D. C.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, K. O. Hill, T. F. Morse, A. Kilian, and L. Reinhart, Opt. Lett. 15, 1138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kashyap, J. R.

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, J. R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kilian, A.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, K. O. Hill, T. F. Morse, A. Kilian, and L. Reinhart, Opt. Lett. 15, 1138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lemaire, P. J.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Malo, B.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, K. O. Hill, T. F. Morse, A. Kilian, and L. Reinhart, Opt. Lett. 15, 1138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mizrahi, V.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Morse, T. F.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, K. O. Hill, T. F. Morse, A. Kilian, and L. Reinhart, Opt. Lett. 15, 1138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Payne, D. N.

Pruneri, V.

G. Brambilla, V. Pruneri, and L. Reekie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Reed, W. A.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

Reinhart, L.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, K. O. Hill, T. F. Morse, A. Kilian, and L. Reinhart, Opt. Lett. 15, 1138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rourke, H. N.

S. R. Baker, H. N. Rourke, V. Baker, and D. Goodchild, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1470 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

Y. Shen, W. Zhao, J. He, T. Sun, and K. T. V. Grattan, IEEE Sensors J. 3, 507 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, J. R.

Sun, T.

Y. Shen, W. Zhao, J. He, T. Sun, and K. T. V. Grattan, IEEE Sensors J. 3, 507 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. I. Forsyth, S. A. Wade, T. Sun, X. M. Chen, and K. T. V. Grattan, Appl. Opt. 41, 6585 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tucknott, J. A.

Vineberg, K. A.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, K. O. Hill, T. F. Morse, A. Kilian, and L. Reinhart, Opt. Lett. 15, 1138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wade, S. A.

Williams, D. L.

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, J. R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. Y.

K. T. V. Grattan and Z. Y. Zhang, Fiber Optic Fluorescence Thermometry (Chapman & Hall, London, 1995).

Zhao, W.

Y. Shen, W. Zhao, J. He, T. Sun, and K. T. V. Grattan, IEEE Sensors J. 3, 507 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. Brambilla, V. Pruneri, and L. Reekie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Williams, B. J. Ainslie, J. R. Armitage, J. R. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

S. R. Baker, H. N. Rourke, V. Baker, and D. Goodchild, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1470 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sensors J. (1)

Y. Shen, W. Zhao, J. He, T. Sun, and K. T. V. Grattan, IEEE Sensors J. 3, 507 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, K. O. Hill, T. F. Morse, A. Kilian, and L. Reinhart, Opt. Lett. 15, 1138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

K. T. V. Grattan and Z. Y. Zhang, Fiber Optic Fluorescence Thermometry (Chapman & Hall, London, 1995).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Reflectivity and refractive-index modulation increase for a FBG written into Sb/Er/Ge fiber with time, compared with the performance of a FBG written into a Sn-doped silica fiber under the same experimental conditions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Annealing results for FBGs written into the Sb/Er/Ge fiber with temperature in an oven operating from room temperature to 900 °C, compared with a FBG written into a Sn-doped silica fiber under the same experimental conditions. For each dot in the curve the annealing period is 24 h at temperatures below 850 °C and 4 h at 900 °C.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Reflectance spectra of a FBG written into the Sb/Er/Ge fiber at 900 °C after long-term annealing from room temperature to 850 °C. The time period of the annealing is 24 h at each 100 °C point below 850 °C.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of the peak wavelength in the reflection spectrum of the FBG written into the Sb/Er/Ge fiber with temperature.

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