Abstract

We present measurements of the wavelength-dependent reflectivity of a subwavelength metal hole array on a glass substrate. We compare the observed resonant structures with those found in transmission and note a nonreciprocity under illumination from the air versus the glass side. This can be used to verify on which interface the surface plasmons are resonantly excited and to estimate the losses in the subwavelength channels.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Popov, M. Nevière, S. Enoch, and R. Reinisch, Phys. Rev. B 62, 16100 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4327 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Altewischer, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, Nature 418, 304 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Sarrazin, J.-P. Vigneron, and J.-M. Vigoureux, Phys. Rev. B 67, 085415 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. A. Bethe, Phys. Rev. 66, 163 (1944).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).
  10. G. D. Monteath, Applications of the Electromagnetic Reciprocity Principle (Pergamon, Oxford, 1973).
  11. H. A. Macleod, Thin-Film Optical Filters (Hilger, London, 1969), p. 24.

2003

M. Sarrazin, J.-P. Vigneron, and J.-M. Vigoureux, Phys. Rev. B 67, 085415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Altewischer, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, Nature 418, 304 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

E. Popov, M. Nevière, S. Enoch, and R. Reinisch, Phys. Rev. B 62, 16100 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1944

H. A. Bethe, Phys. Rev. 66, 163 (1944).
[CrossRef]

Altewischer, E.

E. Altewischer, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, Nature 418, 304 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barnes, W. L.

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bethe, H. A.

H. A. Bethe, Phys. Rev. 66, 163 (1944).
[CrossRef]

Degiron, A.

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Enoch, S.

E. Popov, M. Nevière, S. Enoch, and R. Reinisch, Phys. Rev. B 62, 16100 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ghaemi, H. F.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grupp, D. E.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Macleod, H. A.

H. A. Macleod, Thin-Film Optical Filters (Hilger, London, 1969), p. 24.

Martin-Moreno, L.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Monteath, G. D.

G. D. Monteath, Applications of the Electromagnetic Reciprocity Principle (Pergamon, Oxford, 1973).

Nevière, M.

E. Popov, M. Nevière, S. Enoch, and R. Reinisch, Phys. Rev. B 62, 16100 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pellerin, K. M.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Popov, E.

E. Popov, M. Nevière, S. Enoch, and R. Reinisch, Phys. Rev. B 62, 16100 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).

Reinisch, R.

E. Popov, M. Nevière, S. Enoch, and R. Reinisch, Phys. Rev. B 62, 16100 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sarrazin, M.

M. Sarrazin, J.-P. Vigneron, and J.-M. Vigoureux, Phys. Rev. B 67, 085415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

van Exter, M. P.

E. Altewischer, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, Nature 418, 304 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vigneron, J.-P.

M. Sarrazin, J.-P. Vigneron, and J.-M. Vigoureux, Phys. Rev. B 67, 085415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vigoureux, J.-M.

M. Sarrazin, J.-P. Vigneron, and J.-M. Vigoureux, Phys. Rev. B 67, 085415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Woerdman, J. P.

E. Altewischer, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, Nature 418, 304 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4327 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nature

E. Altewischer, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, Nature 418, 304 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev.

H. A. Bethe, Phys. Rev. 66, 163 (1944).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. Popov, M. Nevière, S. Enoch, and R. Reinisch, Phys. Rev. B 62, 16100 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Sarrazin, J.-P. Vigneron, and J.-M. Vigoureux, Phys. Rev. B 67, 085415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).

G. D. Monteath, Applications of the Electromagnetic Reciprocity Principle (Pergamon, Oxford, 1973).

H. A. Macleod, Thin-Film Optical Filters (Hilger, London, 1969), p. 24.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for reflection measurements, comprising an incandescent lamp as a light source, two pinholes (P1 and P2), a beam splitter (BS), two imaging lenses (L1 and L2), the hole array, and a fiber connected to a grating spectrometer. The hole array was placed with either its glass–metal or its air–metal side facing the beam.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Curves R1 correspond to measured reflection spectra of the hole array. For comparison the corresponding reflection spectra of the neighboring unperforated gold film are shown as curves R2. Also shown are the corresponding transmission spectra T, the vertical scale of which has been multiplied by a factor of 5. In all spectra the blue curves were obtained when the air side of the hole array was illuminated and the red curves were obtained when the glass side was illuminated. The dotted–dashed vertical lines indicate the positions of the resonances at wavelengths of 747 nm at 1, 810 nm at 2, and just over 1100 nm at 3. The arrow indicates a kink in the spectrum caused by the onset of first-order diffracted modes.

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