Abstract

An experimental investigation of the transmission of multimode capillary waveguides with a nonlinear absorber in the core shows an enhanced nonlinear absorption relative to the same length of bulk material. The results are consistent with partial mode filling within the cores of the waveguides. This study confirms the promising optical limiting capabilities of multimode nonlinear waveguides and implies that the mode structure should be considered in the design and evaluation of capillary array optical limiters.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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2002 (2)

2001 (2)

I. C. Khoo, A. Diaz, M. V. Wood, and P. H. Chen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 760 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Wegmuller, S. Golowich, G. Giaretta, and M. Nuss, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 574 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (3)

1996 (1)

1994 (3)

1993 (2)

Z. Haas and M. A. Santoro, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Mansour, D. Alvarez, K. J. Perry, I. Choong, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, Proc. SPIE 1853, 132 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

P. A. Firey, W. E. Ford, J. R. Sounik, M. E. Kenney, and M. A. J. Rodgers, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 110, 7626 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

W. A. Gambling, D. N. Payne, and H. Matsumur, Electron. Lett. 9, 412 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J. S.

Alvarez, D.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, S. R. Marder, K. J. Perry, D. Alvarez, and I. Choong, Opt. Lett. 19, 625 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Mansour, D. Alvarez, K. J. Perry, I. Choong, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, Proc. SPIE 1853, 132 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, J. M.

Bhawalkar, J. D.

Chen, P. H.

I. C. Khoo, A. Diaz, M. V. Wood, and P. H. Chen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 760 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Khoo, M. V. Wood, B. D. Guenther, M. Y. Shih, and P. H. Chen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Choong, I.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, S. R. Marder, K. J. Perry, D. Alvarez, and I. Choong, Opt. Lett. 19, 625 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Mansour, D. Alvarez, K. J. Perry, I. Choong, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, Proc. SPIE 1853, 132 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Diaz, A.

I. C. Khoo, A. Diaz, M. V. Wood, and P. H. Chen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 760 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eisenberg, H. S.

Firey, P. A.

P. A. Firey, W. E. Ford, J. R. Sounik, M. E. Kenney, and M. A. J. Rodgers, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 110, 7626 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ford, W. E.

P. A. Firey, W. E. Ford, J. R. Sounik, M. E. Kenney, and M. A. J. Rodgers, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 110, 7626 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Gambling, W. A.

W. A. Gambling, D. N. Payne, and H. Matsumur, Electron. Lett. 9, 412 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Giaretta, G.

M. Wegmuller, S. Golowich, G. Giaretta, and M. Nuss, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 574 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Golowich, S.

M. Wegmuller, S. Golowich, G. Giaretta, and M. Nuss, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 574 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Guenther, B. D.

Haas, Z.

Z. Haas and M. A. Santoro, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

He, G. S.

Hollins, R. C.

S. N. R. Swatton, K. R. Welford, R. C. Hollins, and J. R. Sambles, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 10 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kenney, M. E.

P. A. Firey, W. E. Ford, J. R. Sounik, M. E. Kenney, and M. A. J. Rodgers, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 110, 7626 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Khoo, I. C.

Lederer, F.

Lee, M.

Li, H.

Liang, Y.

Lopresti, P. G.

Mansour, K.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, S. R. Marder, K. J. Perry, D. Alvarez, and I. Choong, Opt. Lett. 19, 625 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Mansour, D. Alvarez, K. J. Perry, I. Choong, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, Proc. SPIE 1853, 132 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Marder, S. R.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, S. R. Marder, K. J. Perry, D. Alvarez, and I. Choong, Opt. Lett. 19, 625 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Mansour, D. Alvarez, K. J. Perry, I. Choong, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, Proc. SPIE 1853, 132 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Matsumur, H.

W. A. Gambling, D. N. Payne, and H. Matsumur, Electron. Lett. 9, 412 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Morandotti, R.

Nuss, M.

M. Wegmuller, S. Golowich, G. Giaretta, and M. Nuss, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 574 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

W. A. Gambling, D. N. Payne, and H. Matsumur, Electron. Lett. 9, 412 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Pennelli, G.

Perry, J. W.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, S. R. Marder, K. J. Perry, D. Alvarez, and I. Choong, Opt. Lett. 19, 625 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Mansour, D. Alvarez, K. J. Perry, I. Choong, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, Proc. SPIE 1853, 132 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Perry, K. J.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, S. R. Marder, K. J. Perry, D. Alvarez, and I. Choong, Opt. Lett. 19, 625 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Mansour, D. Alvarez, K. J. Perry, I. Choong, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, Proc. SPIE 1853, 132 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pertsch, T.

Peschel, U.

Prasad, P. N.

Rodgers, M. A. J.

P. A. Firey, W. E. Ford, J. R. Sounik, M. E. Kenney, and M. A. J. Rodgers, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 110, 7626 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sambles, J. R.

S. N. R. Swatton, K. R. Welford, R. C. Hollins, and J. R. Sambles, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 10 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Santoro, M. A.

Z. Haas and M. A. Santoro, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shih, M. Y.

Silberberg, Y.

Sounik, J. R.

P. A. Firey, W. E. Ford, J. R. Sounik, M. E. Kenney, and M. A. J. Rodgers, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 110, 7626 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Swatton, S. N. R.

S. N. R. Swatton, K. R. Welford, R. C. Hollins, and J. R. Sambles, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 10 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wegmuller, M.

M. Wegmuller, S. Golowich, G. Giaretta, and M. Nuss, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 574 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Welford, K. R.

S. N. R. Swatton, K. R. Welford, R. C. Hollins, and J. R. Sambles, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 10 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wood, M. V.

Yoshida, M.

Yuan, L. X.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

I. C. Khoo and H. Li, Appl. Phys. B 59, 573 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. N. R. Swatton, K. R. Welford, R. C. Hollins, and J. R. Sambles, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 10 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

W. A. Gambling, D. N. Payne, and H. Matsumur, Electron. Lett. 9, 412 (1973).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. C. Khoo, A. Diaz, M. V. Wood, and P. H. Chen, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 760 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Wegmuller, S. Golowich, G. Giaretta, and M. Nuss, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 574 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

P. A. Firey, W. E. Ford, J. R. Sounik, M. E. Kenney, and M. A. J. Rodgers, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 110, 7626 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Z. Haas and M. A. Santoro, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

K. Mansour, D. Alvarez, K. J. Perry, I. Choong, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, Proc. SPIE 1853, 132 (1993).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmission of a 10µm-inner-diameter SiNc-filled capillary by use of 7-ns pulses. The open circles are the experimental data points. The solid (dashed) curve is a theoretical calculation assuming a constant beam diameter of 2.6 µm 10 µm. Inset, energy distribution within the waveguide core for an input energy of 1.2 µJ.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission of a 3.2µm-inner-diameter SiNc-filled capillary by use of 5-ns pulses. The open circles are the experimental data points. The solid curve is a theoretical calculation assuming a constant beam diameter of 2 µm. Inset, energy distribution within the waveguide core for an input energy of 60 nJ.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Energy distribution within the core of a 3.2µm-inner-diameter SiNc-filled capillary for input pulse energies of (a) 400 pJ, (b) 4 nJ, (c) 60 nJ, and (d) 100 nJ.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Capillary Inner Diameter and Best-Fit Beam Diameter

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