Abstract

A highly efficient double-clad Yb3+-doped fiber laser with a novel cladding geometry is described. A round double-clad fiber with a small D-shaped hole for breaking a circular symmetry in a cladding combines the advantages of ease of manufacture and handling round fibers with efficient absorption of pump light. Fiber lasers with a double-D cladding shape and a D-hole cladding are compared. We report what are to our knowledge the highest slope efficiencies of 73% and 69%, respectively, pumping at 915 nm. Output powers in excess of 13 W are demonstrated.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tumminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, and T. Haw, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), postdeadline paper PD7.
  2. A. S. Kurkov, A. Yu Laptev, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. I. Karpov, V. M. Paramonov, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, V. N. Protopopov, N. N. Vechkanov, S. A. Vasiliev, and E. V. Pershina, Proc. SPIE 4083, 118 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. D. Mermelstein, C. Headley, J.-C. Boutellier, P. Steinvurzel, G. Horn, K. Feder, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1286 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnerman, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), postdeadline paper PD1.
  5. V. P. Gapontsev, presented at the 1999 OSA Annual Meeting Santa Clara, Calif., September 26–29, 1999.
  6. W. J. Wadsworth, R. M. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 11, 48 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. V. Doya, O. Legrand, and F. Mortessagne, Opt. Lett. 26, 872 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2001 (2)

M. D. Mermelstein, C. Headley, J.-C. Boutellier, P. Steinvurzel, G. Horn, K. Feder, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Doya, O. Legrand, and F. Mortessagne, Opt. Lett. 26, 872 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. S. Kurkov, A. Yu Laptev, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. I. Karpov, V. M. Paramonov, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, V. N. Protopopov, N. N. Vechkanov, S. A. Vasiliev, and E. V. Pershina, Proc. SPIE 4083, 118 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Boutellier, J.-C.

M. D. Mermelstein, C. Headley, J.-C. Boutellier, P. Steinvurzel, G. Horn, K. Feder, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bouwmans, G.

W. J. Wadsworth, R. M. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 11, 48 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, N. M.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tumminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, and T. Haw, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), postdeadline paper PD7.

Dianov, E. M.

A. S. Kurkov, A. Yu Laptev, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. I. Karpov, V. M. Paramonov, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, V. N. Protopopov, N. N. Vechkanov, S. A. Vasiliev, and E. V. Pershina, Proc. SPIE 4083, 118 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Doya, V.

Eggleton, B. J.

M. D. Mermelstein, C. Headley, J.-C. Boutellier, P. Steinvurzel, G. Horn, K. Feder, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Feder, K.

M. D. Mermelstein, C. Headley, J.-C. Boutellier, P. Steinvurzel, G. Horn, K. Feder, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gapontsev, V. P.

V. P. Gapontsev, presented at the 1999 OSA Annual Meeting Santa Clara, Calif., September 26–29, 1999.

Guryanov, A. N.

A. S. Kurkov, A. Yu Laptev, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. I. Karpov, V. M. Paramonov, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, V. N. Protopopov, N. N. Vechkanov, S. A. Vasiliev, and E. V. Pershina, Proc. SPIE 4083, 118 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hakimi, F.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tumminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, and T. Haw, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), postdeadline paper PD7.

Haw, T.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tumminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, and T. Haw, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), postdeadline paper PD7.

Headley, C.

M. D. Mermelstein, C. Headley, J.-C. Boutellier, P. Steinvurzel, G. Horn, K. Feder, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Horn, G.

M. D. Mermelstein, C. Headley, J.-C. Boutellier, P. Steinvurzel, G. Horn, K. Feder, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Karpov, V. I.

A. S. Kurkov, A. Yu Laptev, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. I. Karpov, V. M. Paramonov, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, V. N. Protopopov, N. N. Vechkanov, S. A. Vasiliev, and E. V. Pershina, Proc. SPIE 4083, 118 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

W. J. Wadsworth, R. M. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 11, 48 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurkov, A. S.

A. S. Kurkov, A. Yu Laptev, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. I. Karpov, V. M. Paramonov, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, V. N. Protopopov, N. N. Vechkanov, S. A. Vasiliev, and E. V. Pershina, Proc. SPIE 4083, 118 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Laptev, A. Yu

A. S. Kurkov, A. Yu Laptev, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. I. Karpov, V. M. Paramonov, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, V. N. Protopopov, N. N. Vechkanov, S. A. Vasiliev, and E. V. Pershina, Proc. SPIE 4083, 118 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Legrand, O.

Liem, A.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnerman, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), postdeadline paper PD1.

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnerman, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), postdeadline paper PD1.

Medvedkov, O. I.

A. S. Kurkov, A. Yu Laptev, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. I. Karpov, V. M. Paramonov, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, V. N. Protopopov, N. N. Vechkanov, S. A. Vasiliev, and E. V. Pershina, Proc. SPIE 4083, 118 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mermelstein, M. D.

M. D. Mermelstein, C. Headley, J.-C. Boutellier, P. Steinvurzel, G. Horn, K. Feder, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mortessagne, F.

Paramonov, V. M.

A. S. Kurkov, A. Yu Laptev, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. I. Karpov, V. M. Paramonov, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, V. N. Protopopov, N. N. Vechkanov, S. A. Vasiliev, and E. V. Pershina, Proc. SPIE 4083, 118 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Percival, R. M.

W. J. Wadsworth, R. M. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 11, 48 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pershina, E. V.

A. S. Kurkov, A. Yu Laptev, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. I. Karpov, V. M. Paramonov, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, V. N. Protopopov, N. N. Vechkanov, S. A. Vasiliev, and E. V. Pershina, Proc. SPIE 4083, 118 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Po, H.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tumminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, and T. Haw, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), postdeadline paper PD7.

Protopopov, V. N.

A. S. Kurkov, A. Yu Laptev, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. I. Karpov, V. M. Paramonov, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, V. N. Protopopov, N. N. Vechkanov, S. A. Vasiliev, and E. V. Pershina, Proc. SPIE 4083, 118 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

W. J. Wadsworth, R. M. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 11, 48 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Snitzer, E.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tumminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, and T. Haw, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), postdeadline paper PD7.

Steinvurzel, P.

M. D. Mermelstein, C. Headley, J.-C. Boutellier, P. Steinvurzel, G. Horn, K. Feder, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tumminelli, R.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tumminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, and T. Haw, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), postdeadline paper PD7.

Tünnerman, A.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnerman, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), postdeadline paper PD1.

Umnikov, A. A.

A. S. Kurkov, A. Yu Laptev, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. I. Karpov, V. M. Paramonov, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, V. N. Protopopov, N. N. Vechkanov, S. A. Vasiliev, and E. V. Pershina, Proc. SPIE 4083, 118 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vasiliev, S. A.

A. S. Kurkov, A. Yu Laptev, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. I. Karpov, V. M. Paramonov, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, V. N. Protopopov, N. N. Vechkanov, S. A. Vasiliev, and E. V. Pershina, Proc. SPIE 4083, 118 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vechkanov, N. N.

A. S. Kurkov, A. Yu Laptev, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. I. Karpov, V. M. Paramonov, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, V. N. Protopopov, N. N. Vechkanov, S. A. Vasiliev, and E. V. Pershina, Proc. SPIE 4083, 118 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W. J.

W. J. Wadsworth, R. M. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 11, 48 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zellmer, H.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnerman, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), postdeadline paper PD1.

Zenteno, L.

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tumminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, and T. Haw, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), postdeadline paper PD7.

1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (1)

H. Po, E. Snitzer, R. Tumminelli, L. Zenteno, F. Hakimi, N. M. Cho, and T. Haw, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 5 of 1989 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), postdeadline paper PD7.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. D. Mermelstein, C. Headley, J.-C. Boutellier, P. Steinvurzel, G. Horn, K. Feder, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

W. J. Wadsworth, R. M. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 11, 48 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (1)

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnerman, in Advanced Solid State Photonics, Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), postdeadline paper PD1.

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. S. Kurkov, A. Yu Laptev, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. I. Karpov, V. M. Paramonov, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, V. N. Protopopov, N. N. Vechkanov, S. A. Vasiliev, and E. V. Pershina, Proc. SPIE 4083, 118 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

V. P. Gapontsev, presented at the 1999 OSA Annual Meeting Santa Clara, Calif., September 26–29, 1999.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cross-sectional views of the (a) circular cladding with D-shaped hole structure and (b) double-D structure.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the double-clad Yb3+-doped fiber laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Output power at 1095 nm as a function of the launched power at 915 nm: The output coupler is formed by the Fresnel reflection from the cleaved end of the DCYF (squares) and from the single-mode fiber (circles). (b) Output spectrum.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output laser power at 1092 nm as a function of the incident pump power at 915 nm for different coiling radii: (a) 2.5 cm and (b) 3.5 cm.

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