Abstract

The design and characterization of ring-resonator-based filters with free spectral ranges of 100 and 50 GHz by use of SiOxNy technology is presented. Fiber-to-fiber insertion losses of 4.4 dB on the drop port and 2.1 dB on the through port have been achieved for a single-ring filter. An interleaver filter for a 25-GHz spaced dense wavelength-division multiplexing system with two cascaded rings is demonstrated. The filter has a 7.4-GHz bandwidth at -1 dB and an extinction ratio of 15 dB and is polarization independent.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Melloni M. Martinelli, J. Lighwave Technol. 20, 296 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. K. Madsen J. H. Zhao, Optical Filters: Design and Analysis (Wiley, New York, 1999).
  3. S. T. Chu, W. Pan, S. Suzuki, B. E. Little, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1138 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. N. De Brabander, J. T. Boyd, and G. Beheim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 671 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. G. Rabus, M. Hamacher, U. Troppenz, and H. Heidrich, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1442 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. M. de Ridder, K. Warhoff, A. Driessen, P. V. Lambeck, and H. Albers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 930 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. LioniX BV, Enschede, The Netherlands ; http://www.lionixbv.nl.

2002

A. Melloni M. Martinelli, J. Lighwave Technol. 20, 296 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Rabus, M. Hamacher, U. Troppenz, and H. Heidrich, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999

S. T. Chu, W. Pan, S. Suzuki, B. E. Little, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. M. de Ridder, K. Warhoff, A. Driessen, P. V. Lambeck, and H. Albers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 930 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994

G. N. De Brabander, J. T. Boyd, and G. Beheim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 671 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Albers, H.

R. M. de Ridder, K. Warhoff, A. Driessen, P. V. Lambeck, and H. Albers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 930 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Beheim, G.

G. N. De Brabander, J. T. Boyd, and G. Beheim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 671 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, J. T.

G. N. De Brabander, J. T. Boyd, and G. Beheim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 671 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S. T.

S. T. Chu, W. Pan, S. Suzuki, B. E. Little, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

De Brabander, G. N.

G. N. De Brabander, J. T. Boyd, and G. Beheim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 671 (1994).
[CrossRef]

de Ridder, R. M.

R. M. de Ridder, K. Warhoff, A. Driessen, P. V. Lambeck, and H. Albers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 930 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Driessen, A.

R. M. de Ridder, K. Warhoff, A. Driessen, P. V. Lambeck, and H. Albers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 930 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Foresi, J. S.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Greene, W.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hamacher, M.

D. G. Rabus, M. Hamacher, U. Troppenz, and H. Heidrich, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Heidrich, H.

D. G. Rabus, M. Hamacher, U. Troppenz, and H. Heidrich, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kimerling, L. C.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kokubun, Y.

S. T. Chu, W. Pan, S. Suzuki, B. E. Little, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lambeck, P. V.

R. M. de Ridder, K. Warhoff, A. Driessen, P. V. Lambeck, and H. Albers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 930 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Little, B. E.

S. T. Chu, W. Pan, S. Suzuki, B. E. Little, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Madsen, C. K.

C. K. Madsen J. H. Zhao, Optical Filters: Design and Analysis (Wiley, New York, 1999).

Martinelli, M.

A. Melloni M. Martinelli, J. Lighwave Technol. 20, 296 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Melloni, A.

A. Melloni M. Martinelli, J. Lighwave Technol. 20, 296 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pan, W.

S. T. Chu, W. Pan, S. Suzuki, B. E. Little, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rabus, D. G.

D. G. Rabus, M. Hamacher, U. Troppenz, and H. Heidrich, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sato, S.

S. T. Chu, W. Pan, S. Suzuki, B. E. Little, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, S.

S. T. Chu, W. Pan, S. Suzuki, B. E. Little, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Thoen, E. R.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Troppenz, U.

D. G. Rabus, M. Hamacher, U. Troppenz, and H. Heidrich, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Warhoff, K.

R. M. de Ridder, K. Warhoff, A. Driessen, P. V. Lambeck, and H. Albers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 930 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J. H.

C. K. Madsen J. H. Zhao, Optical Filters: Design and Analysis (Wiley, New York, 1999).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

R. M. de Ridder, K. Warhoff, A. Driessen, P. V. Lambeck, and H. Albers, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 930 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

S. T. Chu, W. Pan, S. Suzuki, B. E. Little, S. Sato, and Y. Kokubun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. N. De Brabander, J. T. Boyd, and G. Beheim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 671 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Rabus, M. Hamacher, U. Troppenz, and H. Heidrich, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lighwave Technol.

A. Melloni M. Martinelli, J. Lighwave Technol. 20, 296 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other

C. K. Madsen J. H. Zhao, Optical Filters: Design and Analysis (Wiley, New York, 1999).

LioniX BV, Enschede, The Netherlands ; http://www.lionixbv.nl.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SiON waveguide. Core and cover were deposited by plasma-enhanced chemical-vapor deposition upon thermal SiO2. PECVD, plasma-enhanced chemical-vapor deposition.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental spectral response of a single resonant ring with a FSR of 100 GHz. Insertion losses are 0.5 dB at the through port and 2.8 dB at the drop port.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Photograph of a second-order cascaded-ring resonant filter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Drop-port TE (solid curves) and TM (dashed curves) measured spectral responses of the double-ring filter. (a) Response over a 4-nm span and (b) detail of the response centered at 1551.2 nm. The dotted curve in (b) is the theoretical response.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Group delay of the filter: Hilbert-transmission derived (solid curve) and theoretical (dotted curve).

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