Abstract

With second-harmonic generation in surface and buried planar waveguides achieved by direct and reverse proton exchange in lithium niobate, we demonstrate a novel kind of quadratic spatial simulton: The transverse-electric fundamental input and the transverse-magnetic second-harmonic waves nonlinearly couple two superimposed planar waveguides, permitting transverse localization of light at room temperature and at excitations as low as 340 nJ in 20-ps pulses.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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2003

A. Amoroso, A. Di Falco, G. Leo, G. Assanto, A. Parisi, A. Cino, and S. Riva Sanseverino, Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 443 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Di Falco, G. Leo, and G. Assanto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

2001

2000

G. I. Stegeman, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Segev, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1419 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

1998

1997

1996

R. Schiek, Y. Baek, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rev. E 53, 1138 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

J. Olivares and J. M. Cabrera, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2468 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991

J. L. Jackel and J. J. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1360 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1985

R. S. Weis and T. K. Gaylord, Appl. Phys. A 37, 191 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Amoroso, A.

A. Amoroso, A. Di Falco, G. Leo, G. Assanto, A. Parisi, A. Cino, and S. Riva Sanseverino, Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 443 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Assanto, G.

A. Amoroso, A. Di Falco, G. Leo, G. Assanto, A. Parisi, A. Cino, and S. Riva Sanseverino, Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 443 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Di Falco, G. Leo, and G. Assanto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Peccianti and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. E 65, 035603 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Assanto and G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Express 10, 388 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Di Lallo, A. Cino, C. Conti, and G. Assanto, Opt. Express 8, 232 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. G. Canva, R. A. Fuerst, S. Baboiu, G. I. Stegeman, and G. Assanto, Opt. Lett. 22, 1683 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Baboiu, S.

Baek, Y.

R. Schiek, Y. Baek, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rev. E 53, 1138 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Barthélémy, A.

Bosshard, C.

Bourliaguet, B.

Cabrera, J. M.

J. Olivares and J. M. Cabrera, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2468 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Caccavale, F.

Canva, M. T. G.

Christodoulides, D. N.

G. I. Stegeman, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Segev, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1419 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cino, A.

A. Amoroso, A. Di Falco, G. Leo, G. Assanto, A. Parisi, A. Cino, and S. Riva Sanseverino, Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 443 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Di Lallo, A. Cino, C. Conti, and G. Assanto, Opt. Express 8, 232 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Conti, C.

Couderc, V.

De Angelis, C.

Di Falco, A.

A. Amoroso, A. Di Falco, G. Leo, G. Assanto, A. Parisi, A. Cino, and S. Riva Sanseverino, Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 443 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Di Falco, G. Leo, and G. Assanto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Di Lallo, A.

Fedorov, V. A.

Fejer, M. M.

Fuerst, R.

Fuerst, R. A.

Fujimura, M.

Gaylord, T. K.

R. S. Weis and T. K. Gaylord, Appl. Phys. A 37, 191 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Gonella, F.

Gunter, P.

Hagan, D. J.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanna, D. C.

Jackel, J. L.

J. L. Jackel and J. J. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1360 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jankovic, L.

Johnson, J. J.

J. L. Jackel and J. J. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1360 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Korkishko, Y. N.

Kurz, J. R.

Leo, G.

A. Di Falco, G. Leo, and G. Assanto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Amoroso, A. Di Falco, G. Leo, G. Assanto, A. Parisi, A. Cino, and S. Riva Sanseverino, Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 443 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Malendevich, R.

Menyuk, C. R.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morozova, T. M.

Olivares, J.

J. Olivares and J. M. Cabrera, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2468 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Parameswaran, K. R.

Parisi, A.

A. Amoroso, A. Di Falco, G. Leo, G. Assanto, A. Parisi, A. Cino, and S. Riva Sanseverino, Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 443 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Peccianti, M.

M. Peccianti and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. E 65, 035603 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Polyakov, S.

Riva Sanseverino, S.

A. Amoroso, A. Di Falco, G. Leo, G. Assanto, A. Parisi, A. Cino, and S. Riva Sanseverino, Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 443 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ross, G. W.

Roussev, R. V.

Route, R. K.

Schiek, R.

R. Schiek, Y. Baek, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rev. E 53, 1138 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Segato, F.

Segev, M.

G. I. Stegeman, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Segev, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1419 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. G. R.

Stegeman, G.

Stegeman, G. I.

G. Assanto and G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Express 10, 388 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. I. Stegeman, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Segev, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1419 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. T. G. Canva, R. A. Fuerst, S. Baboiu, G. I. Stegeman, and G. Assanto, Opt. Lett. 22, 1683 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Schiek, Y. Baek, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rev. E 53, 1138 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torner, L.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torruellas, W. E.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Stryland, E. W.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weis, R. S.

R. S. Weis and T. K. Gaylord, Appl. Phys. A 37, 191 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A

R. S. Weis and T. K. Gaylord, Appl. Phys. A 37, 191 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. Olivares and J. M. Cabrera, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2468 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

J. L. Jackel and J. J. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1360 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

G. I. Stegeman, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Segev, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1419 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. Di Falco, G. Leo, and G. Assanto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. Amoroso, A. Di Falco, G. Leo, G. Assanto, A. Parisi, A. Cino, and S. Riva Sanseverino, Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 443 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

M. Peccianti and G. Assanto, Phys. Rev. E 65, 035603 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Schiek, Y. Baek, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rev. E 53, 1138 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

A. D. Boardman and A. P. Sukhorukov, eds., Soliton Driven Photonics (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Trillo and W. E. Torruellas, eds., Spatial Solitons (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated refractive-index profiles of Z-cut PE–RPE waveguides for both ordinary and extraordinary polarization, inferred from linear (distributed coupling) and nonlinear (SHG) measurements in the near infrared from 1.2 to 1.3 µm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Near-field image (in y=L) of the TM6 mode at 637 nm excited by a fundamental frequency λ=1274 nm TE0 mode launched in the surface waveguide. The vertical dimension of the photograph corresponds to 20 µm. The eigenprofile at the right was calculated with a mode solver after the profiles shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured peak conversion at the SH from input FF pulses. Horizontal axis, peak power coupled into the surface waveguide. Insets, photographs of FF modal beam output at two (low and high) excitations, with corresponding data scans along x and Gaussian fits.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured FF beam waist wx at the output y=L versus FF peak excitation. Symbols refer to data acquired at various wavelengths slightly higher than resonance λ1274 nm. Horizontal dashed line, input FF beam waist (along x); dotted–dashed curve, simulated behavior for a small positive mismatch ΔβL=0.23π, with ΔβL/Δλ=4.6π/nm. Inset, measured SH conversion efficiency versus FF wavelength near TE0FFTM6SH resonance.

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