Abstract

The timing jitter of 78-GHz optical time-division multiplexed pulses has been evaluated over nine decades of Fourier frequency by the time-domain demodulation technique. For downconverting the 78-GHz pulse intensity into a low-frequency i.f. signal, an optoelectronic harmonic mixing scheme with a Mach–Zehnder intensity modulator was employed. The rms timing jitter has been estimated to be 3.74 ps for 2.5 mHz–18 MHz bandwidth.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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2002

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T. R. Clark and M. L. Dennis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 236 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 36, 2027 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Arahira, Y. Katoh, and Y. Ogawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 454 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

1998

1996

Y. Katagiri and A. Takada, Electron. Lett. 32, 1892 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993

H. A. Haus and A. Meccozi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1986

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[CrossRef]

Arahira, S.

S. Arahira, Y. Katoh, and Y. Ogawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 454 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Clark, T. R.

T. R. Clark and M. L. Dennis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 236 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dennis, M. L.

T. R. Clark and M. L. Dennis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 236 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Grein, M. E.

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus and A. Meccozi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Jiang, L. A.

Katagiri, Y.

Y. Katagiri and A. Takada, Electron. Lett. 32, 1892 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Katoh, Y.

S. Arahira, Y. Katoh, and Y. Ogawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 454 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McNeilage, C.

Meccozi, A.

H. A. Haus and A. Meccozi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 36, 2027 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, Y.

S. Arahira, Y. Katoh, and Y. Ogawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 454 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Searls, J.

Takada, A.

Y. Katagiri and A. Takada, Electron. Lett. 32, 1892 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K. R.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 36, 2027 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchida, H.

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, T.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 36, 2027 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, H.

Appl. Phys. B

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 36, 2027 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Katagiri and A. Takada, Electron. Lett. 32, 1892 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Arahira, Y. Katoh, and Y. Ogawa, Electron. Lett. 36, 454 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

H. A. Haus and A. Meccozi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. R. Clark and M. L. Dennis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 236 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Tsuchida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 535 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of an electrical double-balanced mixer (DBM). Here, frep, fLO, and fIF represent the frequencies of optical pulses, a LO, and a downconverted signal, respectively. (b) Schematic of an optoelectronic harmonic mixer. (c) Optical spectrum at the output of a modulator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Block diagram of the experimental setup: EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Time dependence of the pulse-timing deviation for 77.776-GHz OTDM pulses during a period of 380 µs; (b) corresponding histogram, where Δt and NT represent the sampling interval and the number of data points, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

PN-PSDs Sϕf (curves A–D) and rms timing jitters σJ (curves E–H). A, E, frequency synthesizer driving the laser diode; B, F, laser output pulses at 19.444 GHz; C, G, OTDM pulses at 38.888 GHz; D, H, OTDM pulses at 77.776 GHz.

Equations (1)

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σJfh,fl=12πfrepflfhSϕfdf1/2,

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