Abstract

We have studied a passive, harmonically mode-locked stretched-pulse erbium fiber ring laser with net positive dispersion that is self-stabilized by gain depletion and electrostriction. Periodic pulses with supermode suppression of >75 dB and picosecond jitter are achieved. The pulses are compressible to 125 fs by external chirp compensation. The repetition rate is 220 MHz, and the average power is as high as 80 mW.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Margalit, C. X. Yu, S. Namiki, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 337 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. H. Bonadeo, W. H. Knox, J. M. Roth, and K. Bergman, Opt. Lett. 25, 1421 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. B. Grudinin and S. Gray, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 144 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. N. Pilipetskii, E. A. Golovchenko, and C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 20, 907 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. P. Gordon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 91 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, W. S. Wong, F. I. Khatri, and K. Tamura, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 54.
  8. J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 932 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).
  13. E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Fellegara and S. Wabnitz, Opt. Lett. 23, 1357 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1998 (3)

A. Fellegara and S. Wabnitz, Opt. Lett. 23, 1357 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Margalit, C. X. Yu, S. Namiki, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Grudinin and S. Gray, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 144 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1993 (2)

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (3)

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Gordon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 91 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 932 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

Bergman, K.

N. H. Bonadeo, W. H. Knox, J. M. Roth, and K. Bergman, Opt. Lett. 25, 1421 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bonadeo, N. H.

Collings, B. C.

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

Fellegara, A.

Golovchenko, E. A.

Gordon, J. P.

Gray, S.

Grudinin, A. B.

A. B. Grudinin and S. Gray, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 144 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

M. Margalit, C. X. Yu, S. Namiki, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, W. S. Wong, F. I. Khatri, and K. Tamura, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 54.

Ippen, E. P.

M. Margalit, C. X. Yu, S. Namiki, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, W. S. Wong, F. I. Khatri, and K. Tamura, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 54.

Jones, D. J.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Khatri, F. I.

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, W. S. Wong, F. I. Khatri, and K. Tamura, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 54.

Kimura, Y.

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 932 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

N. H. Bonadeo, W. H. Knox, J. M. Roth, and K. Bergman, Opt. Lett. 25, 1421 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kutz, J. N.

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Luchnikov, A. V.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

Margalit, M.

M. Margalit, C. X. Yu, S. Namiki, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

Nakazawa, M.

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 932 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Namiki, S.

M. Margalit, C. X. Yu, S. Namiki, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pilipetskii, A. N.

A. N. Pilipetskii, E. A. Golovchenko, and C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 20, 907 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

Prokhorov, A. M.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Roth, J. M.

Starodumov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

Tamura, K.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, W. S. Wong, F. I. Khatri, and K. Tamura, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 54.

Wabnitz, S.

Wong, W. S.

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, W. S. Wong, F. I. Khatri, and K. Tamura, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 54.

Yoshida, E.

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 932 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C. X.

M. Margalit, C. X. Yu, S. Namiki, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 932 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Margalit, C. X. Yu, S. Namiki, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 337 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Sov. Lightwave Commun. (1)

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

Other (1)

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, W. S. Wong, F. I. Khatri, and K. Tamura, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 54.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: PMT, piezomultiplier tube; λ/4, quarter-wave plates; λ/2, half-wave plates. Other abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser output: (a) rf spectra of the laser operating at the fifth and seventh harmonics of the fundamental cavity repetition rate. (b) Output power and harmonic number as a function of the pump power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse characteristics: (a) pulse width as a function of length of the chirp-compensating fiber, (b) optical spectrum, (c) autocorrelation (AC) and cross correlation (XC) of the mode-locked pulses N=5 with varying degrees of external chirp compensation. Cross correlation is performed with a delay of T/5 (T is the fundamental cavity period).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Suppression of the first harmonic and the cavity GVD as a function of the repetition rate N=5 when SMFs (squares) and DSFs (circles) are added to the cavity.

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