Abstract

For Gaussian-beam-induced optical limiting based on photoconductive field shielding of electro-optic (EO) birefringence, power-limiting notch widths may be accurately determined by considering the power-limiting threshold for the photorefractive crystal where excess charge accumulates. With sufficient optical intensity the space-charge field completely screens the externally applied electric field, and only a small diffusion field remains. The upper limit of light intensity attenuation is the extinction ratio for the combination of polarizers and EO crystal.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

N. Singh, S. P. Nadar, and P. P. Banerjee, Opt. Commun. 136, 487 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

T. Y. Chang, I. McMichael, J. H. Hong, and M. Khoshnevisan, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 374, 61 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. H. Hong and T. Y. Chang, Proc. SPIE 2489, 36 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, and M. C. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

1988 (1)

W. H. Steier, J. Kumar, and M. Ziari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 840 (1988).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

J. L. Erickson, Proc. SPIE 639, 232 (1986).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markow, S. G. Odulov, and V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[Crossref]

Banerjee, P. P.

N. Singh, S. P. Nadar, and P. P. Banerjee, Opt. Commun. 136, 487 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bashaw, M. C.

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, and M. C. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bledowski, A.

Chang, T. Y.

J. Guo, T. Y. Chang, I. McMichael, J. Ma, and J. H. Hong, Opt. Lett. 24, 981 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. H. Hong and T. Y. Chang, Proc. SPIE 2489, 36 (1995).
[Crossref]

T. Y. Chang, I. McMichael, J. H. Hong, and M. Khoshnevisan, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 374, 61 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ciattoni, A.

Crosignani, B.

E. DelRe, A. Ciattoni, B. Crosignani, and M. Tamburrini, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1469 (1998).
[Crossref]

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, and M. C. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994).
[Crossref]

DelRe, E.

Erickson, J. L.

J. L. Erickson, Proc. SPIE 639, 232 (1986).
[Crossref]

Fejer, M. M.

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, and M. C. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994).
[Crossref]

Guo, J.

Hong, J. H.

J. Guo, T. Y. Chang, I. McMichael, J. Ma, and J. H. Hong, Opt. Lett. 24, 981 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. H. Hong and T. Y. Chang, Proc. SPIE 2489, 36 (1995).
[Crossref]

T. Y. Chang, I. McMichael, J. H. Hong, and M. Khoshnevisan, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 374, 61 (1995).
[Crossref]

Khoshnevisan, M.

T. Y. Chang, I. McMichael, J. H. Hong, and M. Khoshnevisan, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 374, 61 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kukhtarev, N. V.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markow, S. G. Odulov, and V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[Crossref]

Kumar, J.

W. H. Steier, J. Kumar, and M. Ziari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 840 (1988).
[Crossref]

Ma, J.

Markow, V. B.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markow, S. G. Odulov, and V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[Crossref]

McMichael, I.

J. Guo, T. Y. Chang, I. McMichael, J. Ma, and J. H. Hong, Opt. Lett. 24, 981 (1999).
[Crossref]

T. Y. Chang, I. McMichael, J. H. Hong, and M. Khoshnevisan, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 374, 61 (1995).
[Crossref]

Nadar, S. P.

N. Singh, S. P. Nadar, and P. P. Banerjee, Opt. Commun. 136, 487 (1997).
[Crossref]

Odulov, S. G.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markow, S. G. Odulov, and V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[Crossref]

Otten, J.

Ringhofer, K. H.

Segev, M.

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, and M. C. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994).
[Crossref]

Singh, N.

N. Singh, S. P. Nadar, and P. P. Banerjee, Opt. Commun. 136, 487 (1997).
[Crossref]

Steier, W. H.

W. H. Steier, J. Kumar, and M. Ziari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 840 (1988).
[Crossref]

Tamburrini, M.

Valley, G. C.

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, and M. C. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994).
[Crossref]

Vinetskii, V. L.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markow, S. G. Odulov, and V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[Crossref]

Yariv, A.

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, and M. C. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994).
[Crossref]

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984).

Yeh, P.

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984).

Ziari, M.

W. H. Steier, J. Kumar, and M. Ziari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 840 (1988).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. H. Steier, J. Kumar, and M. Ziari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 840 (1988).
[Crossref]

Ferroelectrics (1)

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markow, S. G. Odulov, and V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. (1)

T. Y. Chang, I. McMichael, J. H. Hong, and M. Khoshnevisan, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 374, 61 (1995).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. Singh, S. P. Nadar, and P. P. Banerjee, Opt. Commun. 136, 487 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, and M. C. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (2)

J. L. Erickson, Proc. SPIE 639, 232 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. H. Hong and T. Y. Chang, Proc. SPIE 2489, 36 (1995).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diagram of optical power-limiting device: B.E., beam expander; P, polarizer; A, analyzer; Ic, control illumination; d, beam width; D, L, crystal dimensions; σ, conductivity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Gaussian-beam illumination for I0=10-810+4 W/cm2 and W0=25 µm. (b) Escx and (c) ρx for illumination in (a) and applied field E=13913 V/cm. Note in (a) and (b) that pluses and circles mark the position of the peak charge density from (c), which identifies the position where power limiting begins, i.e., the threshold intensity.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental results and numerical calculations (solid curves) for amplitude notch widths in a BSO optical power limiter. Ic=10-2 W/cm2 is the uniform optical bias. Spurious beam intensities relative to signal are (a) 5, (b) 15, (c) 25, and (d) 35 dB.

Equations (3)

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Ioutx=Iinxsinπ2EscxEπ2+ξp,
QY1+ddξY+ddξQ1+ddξY=g,
Y=EEDd,    ξ=kDbx,Q=1+IIdc,    gJcγRqμβEDbα,

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