Abstract

Raman-excited spin coherences were experimentally observed in nitrogen-vacancy (N-V) diamond color centers by means of nondegenerate four-wave mixing and electromagnetically induced transparency. The maximal absorption suppression was found to be 17%, which corresponds to 70% of what is possible given the random geometric orientation of the N-V center in diamond. In the context of quantum computing in solids, this level of transparency represents efficient preparation of quantum bits, as well as the ability to perform arbitrary single-quantum-bit rotations.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. D. Lukin, P. R. Hemmer, M. Loffler, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2675 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
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  3. X. A. Shen, E. Chiang, and R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 19, 1246 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. Williams and S. Clearwater, Explorations in Quantum Computing (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1998).
  5. B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, M. K. Kim, and P. R. Hemmer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1849 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. S. Shahriar, P. R. Hemmer, S. Lloyd, J. A. Bowers, and A. E. Craig, “Solid state quantum computing using spectral holes,” http://xxx.lanl.gov/pdf/quant-ph0007074.
  7. M. D. Lukin and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2818 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. Pellizzari, S. A. Gardiner, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3788 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Lenef, S. W. Brown, D. A. Redman, S. C. Rand, J. Shigley, and E. Fritsch, Phys. Rev. B 53, 13427 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. J. P. O. Martin, J. Lumin. 81, 237 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. R. Gray, R. M. Whitley, and C. R. Stroud, Opt. Lett. 3, 131 (1990).
  14. N. Manson, Laser Physics Centre, Australian National University, Canberra 0200, Australia (personal communication, June 2000).
  15. S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50(7), 36 (1997) and references therein.
    [CrossRef]
  16. X. A. Chen and R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 17, 520 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  17. E. van Oort, N. B. Manson, and M. Glasbeek, J. Phys. C 21, 4385 (1988).
    [CrossRef]

2000

M. D. Lukin and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2818 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

J. P. O. Martin, J. Lumin. 81, 237 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

M. D. Lukin, P. R. Hemmer, M. Loffler, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2675 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Williams and S. Clearwater, Explorations in Quantum Computing (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1998).

1997

1996

A. Lenef, S. W. Brown, D. A. Redman, S. C. Rand, J. Shigley, and E. Fritsch, Phys. Rev. B 53, 13427 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

T. Pellizzari, S. A. Gardiner, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3788 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Lin, T. Wang, and T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 1658 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

1993

X. F. He, N. B. Manson, and P. T. H. Fisk, Phys. Rev. B 47, 8809 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

N. B. Manson, X. F. He, and P. T. Fisk, J. Lumin. 53, 49 (1992).
[CrossRef]

X. A. Chen and R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 17, 520 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

H. R. Gray, R. M. Whitley, and C. R. Stroud, Opt. Lett. 3, 131 (1990).

1988

E. van Oort, N. B. Manson, and M. Glasbeek, J. Phys. C 21, 4385 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. A.

M. S. Shahriar, P. R. Hemmer, S. Lloyd, J. A. Bowers, and A. E. Craig, “Solid state quantum computing using spectral holes,” http://xxx.lanl.gov/pdf/quant-ph0007074.

Brown, S. W.

A. Lenef, S. W. Brown, D. A. Redman, S. C. Rand, J. Shigley, and E. Fritsch, Phys. Rev. B 53, 13427 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. A.

Chiang, E.

Cirac, J. I.

T. Pellizzari, S. A. Gardiner, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3788 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clearwater, S.

C. Williams and S. Clearwater, Explorations in Quantum Computing (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1998).

Craig, A. E.

M. S. Shahriar, P. R. Hemmer, S. Lloyd, J. A. Bowers, and A. E. Craig, “Solid state quantum computing using spectral holes,” http://xxx.lanl.gov/pdf/quant-ph0007074.

Fisk, P. T.

N. B. Manson, X. F. He, and P. T. Fisk, J. Lumin. 53, 49 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fisk, P. T. H.

X. F. He, N. B. Manson, and P. T. H. Fisk, Phys. Rev. B 47, 8809 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fritsch, E.

A. Lenef, S. W. Brown, D. A. Redman, S. C. Rand, J. Shigley, and E. Fritsch, Phys. Rev. B 53, 13427 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gardiner, S. A.

T. Pellizzari, S. A. Gardiner, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3788 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Glasbeek, M.

E. van Oort, N. B. Manson, and M. Glasbeek, J. Phys. C 21, 4385 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Gray, H. R.

H. R. Gray, R. M. Whitley, and C. R. Stroud, Opt. Lett. 3, 131 (1990).

Ham, B. S.

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50(7), 36 (1997) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

He, X. F.

X. F. He, N. B. Manson, and P. T. H. Fisk, Phys. Rev. B 47, 8809 (1993).
[CrossRef]

N. B. Manson, X. F. He, and P. T. Fisk, J. Lumin. 53, 49 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hemmer, P. R.

M. D. Lukin and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2818 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Lukin, P. R. Hemmer, M. Loffler, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2675 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, M. K. Kim, and P. R. Hemmer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1849 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Shahriar, P. R. Hemmer, S. Lloyd, J. A. Bowers, and A. E. Craig, “Solid state quantum computing using spectral holes,” http://xxx.lanl.gov/pdf/quant-ph0007074.

Kachru, R.

Kim, M. K.

Lenef, A.

A. Lenef, S. W. Brown, D. A. Redman, S. C. Rand, J. Shigley, and E. Fritsch, Phys. Rev. B 53, 13427 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

Lloyd, S.

M. S. Shahriar, P. R. Hemmer, S. Lloyd, J. A. Bowers, and A. E. Craig, “Solid state quantum computing using spectral holes,” http://xxx.lanl.gov/pdf/quant-ph0007074.

Loffler, M.

M. D. Lukin, P. R. Hemmer, M. Loffler, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2675 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lukin, M. D.

M. D. Lukin and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2818 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Lukin, P. R. Hemmer, M. Loffler, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2675 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Manson, N.

N. Manson, Laser Physics Centre, Australian National University, Canberra 0200, Australia (personal communication, June 2000).

Manson, N. B.

X. F. He, N. B. Manson, and P. T. H. Fisk, Phys. Rev. B 47, 8809 (1993).
[CrossRef]

N. B. Manson, X. F. He, and P. T. Fisk, J. Lumin. 53, 49 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. van Oort, N. B. Manson, and M. Glasbeek, J. Phys. C 21, 4385 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Martin, J. P. O.

J. P. O. Martin, J. Lumin. 81, 237 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mossberg, T. W.

Pellizzari, T.

T. Pellizzari, S. A. Gardiner, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3788 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rand, S. C.

A. Lenef, S. W. Brown, D. A. Redman, S. C. Rand, J. Shigley, and E. Fritsch, Phys. Rev. B 53, 13427 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Redman, D. A.

A. Lenef, S. W. Brown, D. A. Redman, S. C. Rand, J. Shigley, and E. Fritsch, Phys. Rev. B 53, 13427 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Scully, M. O.

M. D. Lukin, P. R. Hemmer, M. Loffler, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2675 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shahriar, M. S.

B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, M. K. Kim, and P. R. Hemmer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1849 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Shahriar, P. R. Hemmer, S. Lloyd, J. A. Bowers, and A. E. Craig, “Solid state quantum computing using spectral holes,” http://xxx.lanl.gov/pdf/quant-ph0007074.

Shen, X. A.

Shigley, J.

A. Lenef, S. W. Brown, D. A. Redman, S. C. Rand, J. Shigley, and E. Fritsch, Phys. Rev. B 53, 13427 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stroud, C. R.

H. R. Gray, R. M. Whitley, and C. R. Stroud, Opt. Lett. 3, 131 (1990).

van Oort, E.

E. van Oort, N. B. Manson, and M. Glasbeek, J. Phys. C 21, 4385 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

Whitley, R. M.

H. R. Gray, R. M. Whitley, and C. R. Stroud, Opt. Lett. 3, 131 (1990).

Williams, C.

C. Williams and S. Clearwater, Explorations in Quantum Computing (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1998).

Zoller, P.

T. Pellizzari, S. A. Gardiner, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3788 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lumin.

N. B. Manson, X. F. He, and P. T. Fisk, J. Lumin. 53, 49 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. P. O. Martin, J. Lumin. 81, 237 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. C

E. van Oort, N. B. Manson, and M. Glasbeek, J. Phys. C 21, 4385 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

X. F. He, N. B. Manson, and P. T. H. Fisk, Phys. Rev. B 47, 8809 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

A. Lenef, S. W. Brown, D. A. Redman, S. C. Rand, J. Shigley, and E. Fritsch, Phys. Rev. B 53, 13427 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. D. Lukin and P. R. Hemmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2818 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Pellizzari, S. A. Gardiner, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3788 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Lukin, P. R. Hemmer, M. Loffler, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2675 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Today

S. E. Harris, Phys. Today 50(7), 36 (1997) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Other

C. Williams and S. Clearwater, Explorations in Quantum Computing (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1998).

M. S. Shahriar, P. R. Hemmer, S. Lloyd, J. A. Bowers, and A. E. Craig, “Solid state quantum computing using spectral holes,” http://xxx.lanl.gov/pdf/quant-ph0007074.

N. Manson, Laser Physics Centre, Australian National University, Canberra 0200, Australia (personal communication, June 2000).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Energy-level splitting of N-V diamond as a function of magnetic field strength applied in the (111) direction. (b) Λshaped three-level system interacting with Raman beams and a probe to generate a NDFWM signal at a magnetic field strength of 1000 G.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

NDFWM signal efficiency at 15  K. The intensities of R1, R2, P, and the repump beam were 1.2, 1.6, 5.6, and 10 W/cm2, respectively. The central difference frequency was 120  MHz.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Saturation curves for beams  R1 and R2 (the plots are vertically shifted for clarity). The intensity of the probe was 1.6 W/cm2. The intensity of the complimentary Raman beam was 1.5 W/cm2 for both curves. The temperature of the sample was 15  K.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

EIT amplitude relative to the peak probe absorption versus probe detuning in N-V diamond at 15  K for a coupling field intensity of 280 W/cm2. The intensities of the probe and the repump were 1 and 10 W/cm2, respectively. The sloping background is due to the frequency-dependent efficiency of the acousto-optic shifter.

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