Abstract

Lasing characteristics of dye-doped spherical solid microparticles produced by photopolymerization in aerosols are investigated. It is well known that dielectric spherical microparticles are optical resonators with very high quality. The resonant internal field is not completely confined to the interior of the particle. An evanescent wave extends a couple of micrometers into the surrounding area. This evanescent field decays exponentially. We demonstrate that cascade lasing can be excited by coupling of two spherical microresonators through this evanescent field.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, eds., Optical Processes in Microcavities (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996).
  2. W. Tang, Z.-Y. Shi, S. Smith, D. Birnbaum, and R. Kopelman, Science 258, 778 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Sasaki, H. Fujiwara, and H. Masuhara, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 15, 2786 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Sasaki, H. Misawa, N. Kitamura, R. Fujisawa, and H. Masuhara, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, L1144 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Esen and G. Schweiger, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 179, 276 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. N. Berglund and B. Y. H. Liu, Environ. Sci. Technol. 7, 147 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H.-B. Lin, J. D. Eversole, and A. J. Campillo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 1018 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Roll, T. Kaiser, and G. Schweiger, Appl. Opt. 37, 2483 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Arnold, A. Ghaemi, R. Hendrie, and K. A. Fuller, Opt. Lett. 19, 156 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. J. Campillo, J. D. Eversole, and H.-B. Lin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 437 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 5101 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. A. Borchers, Eigenschaften sphärische Mikrofarbstofflaser (Shaker, Aachen, Germany, 2000).

1999 (1)

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 5101 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (2)

K. Sasaki, H. Fujiwara, and H. Masuhara, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 15, 2786 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Sasaki, H. Misawa, N. Kitamura, R. Fujisawa, and H. Masuhara, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, L1144 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

C. Esen and G. Schweiger, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 179, 276 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

W. Tang, Z.-Y. Shi, S. Smith, D. Birnbaum, and R. Kopelman, Science 258, 778 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

A. J. Campillo, J. D. Eversole, and H.-B. Lin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 437 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

H.-B. Lin, J. D. Eversole, and A. J. Campillo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 1018 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

R. N. Berglund and B. Y. H. Liu, Environ. Sci. Technol. 7, 147 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, S.

Berglund, R. N.

R. N. Berglund and B. Y. H. Liu, Environ. Sci. Technol. 7, 147 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, D.

W. Tang, Z.-Y. Shi, S. Smith, D. Birnbaum, and R. Kopelman, Science 258, 778 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Borchers, M. A.

M. A. Borchers, Eigenschaften sphärische Mikrofarbstofflaser (Shaker, Aachen, Germany, 2000).

Campillo, A. J.

A. J. Campillo, J. D. Eversole, and H.-B. Lin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 437 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-B. Lin, J. D. Eversole, and A. J. Campillo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 1018 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Esen, C.

C. Esen and G. Schweiger, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 179, 276 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Eversole, J. D.

A. J. Campillo, J. D. Eversole, and H.-B. Lin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 437 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-B. Lin, J. D. Eversole, and A. J. Campillo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 1018 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fujisawa, R.

K. Sasaki, H. Misawa, N. Kitamura, R. Fujisawa, and H. Masuhara, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, L1144 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, H.

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 5101 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Sasaki, H. Fujiwara, and H. Masuhara, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 15, 2786 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fuller, K. A.

Ghaemi, A.

Hendrie, R.

Kaiser, T.

Kitamura, N.

K. Sasaki, H. Misawa, N. Kitamura, R. Fujisawa, and H. Masuhara, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, L1144 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kopelman, R.

W. Tang, Z.-Y. Shi, S. Smith, D. Birnbaum, and R. Kopelman, Science 258, 778 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.-B.

A. J. Campillo, J. D. Eversole, and H.-B. Lin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 437 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-B. Lin, J. D. Eversole, and A. J. Campillo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 1018 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Liu, B. Y. H.

R. N. Berglund and B. Y. H. Liu, Environ. Sci. Technol. 7, 147 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Masuhara, H.

K. Sasaki, H. Misawa, N. Kitamura, R. Fujisawa, and H. Masuhara, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, L1144 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Sasaki, H. Fujiwara, and H. Masuhara, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 15, 2786 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, H.

K. Sasaki, H. Misawa, N. Kitamura, R. Fujisawa, and H. Masuhara, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, L1144 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Roll, G.

Sasaki, K.

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 5101 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Sasaki, H. Misawa, N. Kitamura, R. Fujisawa, and H. Masuhara, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, L1144 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Sasaki, H. Fujiwara, and H. Masuhara, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 15, 2786 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schweiger, G.

G. Roll, T. Kaiser, and G. Schweiger, Appl. Opt. 37, 2483 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Esen and G. Schweiger, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 179, 276 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Z.-Y.

W. Tang, Z.-Y. Shi, S. Smith, D. Birnbaum, and R. Kopelman, Science 258, 778 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Smith, S.

W. Tang, Z.-Y. Shi, S. Smith, D. Birnbaum, and R. Kopelman, Science 258, 778 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tang, W.

W. Tang, Z.-Y. Shi, S. Smith, D. Birnbaum, and R. Kopelman, Science 258, 778 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Environ. Sci. Technol. (1)

R. N. Berglund and B. Y. H. Liu, Environ. Sci. Technol. 7, 147 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. Colloid Interface Sci. (1)

C. Esen and G. Schweiger, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 179, 276 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (1)

K. Sasaki, H. Fujiwara, and H. Masuhara, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 15, 2786 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

K. Sasaki, H. Misawa, N. Kitamura, R. Fujisawa, and H. Masuhara, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, L1144 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 5101 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. J. Campillo, J. D. Eversole, and H.-B. Lin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 437 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

H.-B. Lin, J. D. Eversole, and A. J. Campillo, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 1018 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

W. Tang, Z.-Y. Shi, S. Smith, D. Birnbaum, and R. Kopelman, Science 258, 778 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, eds., Optical Processes in Microcavities (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996).

M. A. Borchers, Eigenschaften sphärische Mikrofarbstofflaser (Shaker, Aachen, Germany, 2000).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Sheet of the experimental setup. (b) Spectral locations of the pump-laser wavelength and the absorption and emission spectra of the dye-doped particles.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Emission spectra of dye-doped microparticles: (a) Rhodamine 6G–doped Somos 3100  particle cRh6 G=2.9×10-3 mol/l,d=27.5 μm; (b) DDI-doped Somos  3100 particle cDDI=2.8×10-3 mol/l,d=27.5 μm; (c) DDI-doped particle, which is in contact with a Rhodamine 6G–doped particle. c, concentration of the dye.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Emission of two particles in contact, one doped with Rhodamine 6G and the other with DDI: (a) emission spectra for different pump intensities, (b) integrated intensity as function of the power of the incident laser.

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