Abstract

We report on the experimental observation of periodic windows within the chaos of the output of a semiconductor laser that is subjected to external optical injection. Continuously sampled spectra of the slave-laser output as the injection level is increased reveal the general behavior of the system as well as features that suggest that the periodic oscillation forms a distinct island within the chaotic region in the parameter space.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and P. M. Alsing, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. Kovanis, A. Gavrielides, T. B. Simpson, and J. M. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2780 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Wieczorek, B. Krauskopf, and D. Lenstra, Opt. Commun. 172, 279 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I. Fisher, Y. Liu, and P. Davis, Phys. Rev. A 62, 11, 801 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Fujino and J. Ohtsubo, Opt. Lett. 25, 625 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. B. Gao, S. K. Hwang, and J. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 59, 1582 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. K. Hwang and J. M. Liu, Opt. Commun. 183, 195 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. O. Weiss and R. Vilaseca, Dynamics of Lasers (VCH, New York, 1991).
  9. M. P. van Exter and J. P. Woerdman, Electron. Lett. 28, 1607 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. M. Neibauer, J. E. Faller, H. M. Godwin, J. L. Hall, and R. L. Barger, Appl. Opt. 27, 1285 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. E. Siegman, B. Daino, and K. R. Manes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 3, 180 (1967).
    [CrossRef]

2000

I. Fisher, Y. Liu, and P. Davis, Phys. Rev. A 62, 11, 801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Hwang and J. M. Liu, Opt. Commun. 183, 195 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Fujino and J. Ohtsubo, Opt. Lett. 25, 625 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. B. Gao, S. K. Hwang, and J. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 59, 1582 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Wieczorek, B. Krauskopf, and D. Lenstra, Opt. Commun. 172, 279 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995

V. Kovanis, A. Gavrielides, T. B. Simpson, and J. M. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2780 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and P. M. Alsing, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

M. P. van Exter and J. P. Woerdman, Electron. Lett. 28, 1607 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1988

1967

A. E. Siegman, B. Daino, and K. R. Manes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 3, 180 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Alsing, P. M.

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and P. M. Alsing, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Barger, R. L.

Daino, B.

A. E. Siegman, B. Daino, and K. R. Manes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 3, 180 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Davis, P.

I. Fisher, Y. Liu, and P. Davis, Phys. Rev. A 62, 11, 801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Faller, J. E.

Fisher, I.

I. Fisher, Y. Liu, and P. Davis, Phys. Rev. A 62, 11, 801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fujino, H.

Gao, J. B.

J. B. Gao, S. K. Hwang, and J. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 59, 1582 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gavrielides, A.

V. Kovanis, A. Gavrielides, T. B. Simpson, and J. M. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2780 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and P. M. Alsing, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Godwin, H. M.

Hall, J. L.

Hwang, S. K.

S. K. Hwang and J. M. Liu, Opt. Commun. 183, 195 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Gao, S. K. Hwang, and J. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 59, 1582 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kovanis, V.

V. Kovanis, A. Gavrielides, T. B. Simpson, and J. M. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2780 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and P. M. Alsing, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Krauskopf, B.

S. Wieczorek, B. Krauskopf, and D. Lenstra, Opt. Commun. 172, 279 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lenstra, D.

S. Wieczorek, B. Krauskopf, and D. Lenstra, Opt. Commun. 172, 279 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. M.

S. K. Hwang and J. M. Liu, Opt. Commun. 183, 195 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Gao, S. K. Hwang, and J. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 59, 1582 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Kovanis, A. Gavrielides, T. B. Simpson, and J. M. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2780 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and P. M. Alsing, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

I. Fisher, Y. Liu, and P. Davis, Phys. Rev. A 62, 11, 801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Manes, K. R.

A. E. Siegman, B. Daino, and K. R. Manes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 3, 180 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Neibauer, T. M.

Ohtsubo, J.

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, B. Daino, and K. R. Manes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 3, 180 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, T. B.

V. Kovanis, A. Gavrielides, T. B. Simpson, and J. M. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2780 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and P. M. Alsing, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539 (1994).
[CrossRef]

van Exter, M. P.

M. P. van Exter and J. P. Woerdman, Electron. Lett. 28, 1607 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Vilaseca, R.

C. O. Weiss and R. Vilaseca, Dynamics of Lasers (VCH, New York, 1991).

Weiss, C. O.

C. O. Weiss and R. Vilaseca, Dynamics of Lasers (VCH, New York, 1991).

Wieczorek, S.

S. Wieczorek, B. Krauskopf, and D. Lenstra, Opt. Commun. 172, 279 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Woerdman, J. P.

M. P. van Exter and J. P. Woerdman, Electron. Lett. 28, 1607 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, and P. M. Alsing, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3539 (1994).
[CrossRef]

V. Kovanis, A. Gavrielides, T. B. Simpson, and J. M. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2780 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

M. P. van Exter and J. P. Woerdman, Electron. Lett. 28, 1607 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

A. E. Siegman, B. Daino, and K. R. Manes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 3, 180 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

S. K. Hwang and J. M. Liu, Opt. Commun. 183, 195 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Wieczorek, B. Krauskopf, and D. Lenstra, Opt. Commun. 172, 279 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

I. Fisher, Y. Liu, and P. Davis, Phys. Rev. A 62, 11, 801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Gao, S. K. Hwang, and J. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 59, 1582 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other

C. O. Weiss and R. Vilaseca, Dynamics of Lasers (VCH, New York, 1991).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: PL, polarizer; OI’s, optical isolators; BS’s, beam splitters; MI, mirror; SA, rf spectrum analyzer. Other abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Images of continuously sampled FP spectra. The vertical axis is shifted so the origin coincides with νML. The frequency detuning between lasers, Δν=νML-νSL, is (a) Δν=-2.4 GHz, (b) Δν=-1.6 GHz, and (c) Δν=-1.2 GHz. In (a) νML is folded into the next fringe of the FP. The horizontal scale is the same in all figures.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Cross section of Fig.  2(b). The injection parameter takes the value 52 in this figure.

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