Abstract

We demonstrate, for the first time to our knowledge, the generation of second-harmonic pulses by use of a novel methodology for achieving first-order quasi-phase matching in a semiconductor waveguide crystal. This methodology is based on a periodic modulation of the susceptibility coefficient along the direction of light-beam propagation in which advantage is taken of the fact that χGaAs2>χAlxGa1-xAs2. Efficient second-harmonic generation at 975  nm of a pump wavelength of 1950  nm has been demonstrated for a crystal with a nonuniform domain dimension (duty cycle, 39/61).

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2000 (1)

F. A. Katsriku, B. M. A. Rahman, and K. T. V. Grattan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 282 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1998 (4)

1997 (1)

M. W. Street, N. D. Whitbread, C. J. Hamilton, B. Vogel, C. R. Stanley, D. C. Hutchings, J. H. Marsh, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

S. J. B. Yoo, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, A. Rajhel, and N. Antoniades, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2609 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

S. J. B. Yoo, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3410 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. Ohashi, T. Kondo, R. Ito, S. Fukatsu, Y. Shiraki, K. Kumata, and S. S. Kano, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 596 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J. S.

M. W. Street, N. D. Whitbread, C. J. Hamilton, B. Vogel, C. R. Stanley, D. C. Hutchings, J. H. Marsh, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Saher Helmy, D. C. Hutchings, T. C. Kleckner, J. H. Marsh, A. C. Bryce, J. M. Arnold, C. R. Stanley, J. S. Aitchison, C. T. A. Brown, K. Moutzouris, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CPD-25 .

Antoniades, N.

S. J. B. Yoo, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, A. Rajhel, and N. Antoniades, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2609 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, J. M.

A. Saher Helmy, D. C. Hutchings, T. C. Kleckner, J. H. Marsh, A. C. Bryce, J. M. Arnold, C. R. Stanley, J. S. Aitchison, C. T. A. Brown, K. Moutzouris, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CPD-25 .

Becouarn, L.

L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, B. Gerard, L. Becouarn, and E. Lallier, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CFN3.

Bhat, R.

S. J. B. Yoo, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, A. Rajhel, and N. Antoniades, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2609 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. J. B. Yoo, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3410 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brevignon, M.

Britton, P. E.

Brown, C. T. A.

A. Saher Helmy, D. C. Hutchings, T. C. Kleckner, J. H. Marsh, A. C. Bryce, J. M. Arnold, C. R. Stanley, J. S. Aitchison, C. T. A. Brown, K. Moutzouris, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CPD-25 .

Bryce, A. C.

A. Saher Helmy, D. C. Hutchings, T. C. Kleckner, J. H. Marsh, A. C. Bryce, J. M. Arnold, C. R. Stanley, J. S. Aitchison, C. T. A. Brown, K. Moutzouris, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CPD-25 .

Byer, R. L.

D. Zheng, L. A. Gordon, Y. S. Wu, R. S. Feigelson, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and K. L. Vodopyanov, Opt. Lett. 22, 1010 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Caneau, C.

S. J. B. Yoo, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, A. Rajhel, and N. Antoniades, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2609 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. J. B. Yoo, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3410 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, Y.

Clarkson, W. A.

Czeranowsky, C.

Ebert, C. B.

L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, B. Gerard, L. Becouarn, and E. Lallier, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CFN3.

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

A. Saher Helmy, D. C. Hutchings, T. C. Kleckner, J. H. Marsh, A. C. Bryce, J. M. Arnold, C. R. Stanley, J. S. Aitchison, C. T. A. Brown, K. Moutzouris, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CPD-25 .

Eyres, L. A.

L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, B. Gerard, L. Becouarn, and E. Lallier, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CFN3.

Feigelson, R. S.

D. Zheng, L. A. Gordon, Y. S. Wu, R. S. Feigelson, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and K. L. Vodopyanov, Opt. Lett. 22, 1010 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

D. Zheng, L. A. Gordon, Y. S. Wu, R. S. Feigelson, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and K. L. Vodopyanov, Opt. Lett. 22, 1010 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, B. Gerard, L. Becouarn, and E. Lallier, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CFN3.

Fukatsu, S.

M. Ohashi, T. Kondo, R. Ito, S. Fukatsu, Y. Shiraki, K. Kumata, and S. S. Kano, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 596 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gerard, B.

L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, B. Gerard, L. Becouarn, and E. Lallier, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CFN3.

Gopalan, V.

Gordon, L. A.

D. Zheng, L. A. Gordon, Y. S. Wu, R. S. Feigelson, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and K. L. Vodopyanov, Opt. Lett. 22, 1010 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grattan, K. T. V.

F. A. Katsriku, B. M. A. Rahman, and K. T. V. Grattan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 282 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hamilton, C. J.

M. W. Street, N. D. Whitbread, C. J. Hamilton, B. Vogel, C. R. Stanley, D. C. Hutchings, J. H. Marsh, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

Harris, J. S.

L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, B. Gerard, L. Becouarn, and E. Lallier, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CFN3.

Huber, G.

Hutchings, D. C.

M. W. Street, N. D. Whitbread, C. J. Hamilton, B. Vogel, C. R. Stanley, D. C. Hutchings, J. H. Marsh, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Saher Helmy, D. C. Hutchings, T. C. Kleckner, J. H. Marsh, A. C. Bryce, J. M. Arnold, C. R. Stanley, J. S. Aitchison, C. T. A. Brown, K. Moutzouris, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CPD-25 .

Ito, R.

M. Ohashi, T. Kondo, R. Ito, S. Fukatsu, Y. Shiraki, K. Kumata, and S. S. Kano, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 596 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Koh, T. Kondo, Y. Shiraki, and R. Ito, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe), 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CFA5.

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kano, S. S.

M. Ohashi, T. Kondo, R. Ito, S. Fukatsu, Y. Shiraki, K. Kumata, and S. S. Kano, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 596 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, H.

Katsriku, F. A.

F. A. Katsriku, B. M. A. Rahman, and K. T. V. Grattan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 282 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kawas, M. J.

Kellner, T.

Kennedy, G. T.

M. W. Street, N. D. Whitbread, C. J. Hamilton, B. Vogel, C. R. Stanley, D. C. Hutchings, J. H. Marsh, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kleckner, T. C.

A. Saher Helmy, D. C. Hutchings, T. C. Kleckner, J. H. Marsh, A. C. Bryce, J. M. Arnold, C. R. Stanley, J. S. Aitchison, C. T. A. Brown, K. Moutzouris, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CPD-25 .

Koh, S.

S. Koh, T. Kondo, Y. Shiraki, and R. Ito, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe), 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CFA5.

Komine, H.

Kondo, T.

M. Ohashi, T. Kondo, R. Ito, S. Fukatsu, Y. Shiraki, K. Kumata, and S. S. Kano, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 596 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Koh, T. Kondo, Y. Shiraki, and R. Ito, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe), 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CFA5.

Koza, M. A.

S. J. B. Yoo, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, A. Rajhel, and N. Antoniades, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2609 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. J. B. Yoo, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3410 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kumata, K.

M. Ohashi, T. Kondo, R. Ito, S. Fukatsu, Y. Shiraki, K. Kumata, and S. S. Kano, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 596 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lallier, E.

E. Lallier, M. Brevignon, and J. Lehoux, Opt. Lett. 23, 1511 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, B. Gerard, L. Becouarn, and E. Lallier, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CFN3.

Laurell, F.

Lehoux, J.

Long, W. H.

Loza-Alvarez, P.

E. U. Rafailov, P. Loza-Alvarez, and W. Sibbett, “Novel methods for quasi-phasematching in nonlinear optical crystals,” UK patent0105415.4 (2001).

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Marsh, J. H.

M. W. Street, N. D. Whitbread, C. J. Hamilton, B. Vogel, C. R. Stanley, D. C. Hutchings, J. H. Marsh, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Saher Helmy, D. C. Hutchings, T. C. Kleckner, J. H. Marsh, A. C. Bryce, J. M. Arnold, C. R. Stanley, J. S. Aitchison, C. T. A. Brown, K. Moutzouris, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CPD-25 .

Moutzouris, K.

A. Saher Helmy, D. C. Hutchings, T. C. Kleckner, J. H. Marsh, A. C. Bryce, J. M. Arnold, C. R. Stanley, J. S. Aitchison, C. T. A. Brown, K. Moutzouris, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CPD-25 .

Ohashi, M.

M. Ohashi, T. Kondo, R. Ito, S. Fukatsu, Y. Shiraki, K. Kumata, and S. S. Kano, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 596 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pierrou, M.

Pinguet, T. J.

L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, B. Gerard, L. Becouarn, and E. Lallier, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CFN3.

Pollnau, M.

Rafailov, E. U.

E. U. Rafailov, P. Loza-Alvarez, and W. Sibbett, “Novel methods for quasi-phasematching in nonlinear optical crystals,” UK patent0105415.4 (2001).

Rahman, B. M. A.

F. A. Katsriku, B. M. A. Rahman, and K. T. V. Grattan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 282 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rajhel, A.

S. J. B. Yoo, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, A. Rajhel, and N. Antoniades, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2609 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Risk, W. P.

Ross, G. W.

Saher Helmy, A.

A. Saher Helmy, D. C. Hutchings, T. C. Kleckner, J. H. Marsh, A. C. Bryce, J. M. Arnold, C. R. Stanley, J. S. Aitchison, C. T. A. Brown, K. Moutzouris, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CPD-25 .

Schlesinger, T. E.

Shiraki, Y.

M. Ohashi, T. Kondo, R. Ito, S. Fukatsu, Y. Shiraki, K. Kumata, and S. S. Kano, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 596 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Koh, T. Kondo, Y. Shiraki, and R. Ito, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe), 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CFA5.

Sibbett, W.

M. W. Street, N. D. Whitbread, C. J. Hamilton, B. Vogel, C. R. Stanley, D. C. Hutchings, J. H. Marsh, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. U. Rafailov, P. Loza-Alvarez, and W. Sibbett, “Novel methods for quasi-phasematching in nonlinear optical crystals,” UK patent0105415.4 (2001).

Smith, P. G. R.

Stancil, D. D.

Stanley, C. R.

M. W. Street, N. D. Whitbread, C. J. Hamilton, B. Vogel, C. R. Stanley, D. C. Hutchings, J. H. Marsh, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Saher Helmy, D. C. Hutchings, T. C. Kleckner, J. H. Marsh, A. C. Bryce, J. M. Arnold, C. R. Stanley, J. S. Aitchison, C. T. A. Brown, K. Moutzouris, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CPD-25 .

Stappaerts, E. A.

Street, M. W.

M. W. Street, N. D. Whitbread, C. J. Hamilton, B. Vogel, C. R. Stanley, D. C. Hutchings, J. H. Marsh, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tourreau, P. J.

L. A. Eyres, P. J. Tourreau, T. J. Pinguet, C. B. Ebert, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, B. Gerard, L. Becouarn, and E. Lallier, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 39 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper CFN3.

Tully, J. W.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

D. Zheng, L. A. Gordon, Y. S. Wu, R. S. Feigelson, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and K. L. Vodopyanov, Opt. Lett. 22, 1010 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vogel, B.

M. W. Street, N. D. Whitbread, C. J. Hamilton, B. Vogel, C. R. Stanley, D. C. Hutchings, J. H. Marsh, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Whitbread, N. D.

M. W. Street, N. D. Whitbread, C. J. Hamilton, B. Vogel, C. R. Stanley, D. C. Hutchings, J. H. Marsh, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y. S.

D. Zheng, L. A. Gordon, Y. S. Wu, R. S. Feigelson, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and K. L. Vodopyanov, Opt. Lett. 22, 1010 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S. J. B.

S. J. B. Yoo, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. A. Koza, A. Rajhel, and N. Antoniades, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2609 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. J. B. Yoo, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3410 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, D.

D. Zheng, L. A. Gordon, Y. S. Wu, R. S. Feigelson, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and K. L. Vodopyanov, Opt. Lett. 22, 1010 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

S. J. B. Yoo, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3410 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Street, N. D. Whitbread, C. J. Hamilton, B. Vogel, C. R. Stanley, D. C. Hutchings, J. H. Marsh, J. S. Aitchison, G. T. Kennedy, and W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2804 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Simplified schematic of periodically switched nonlinearity in a crystal, (b) interface between GaAs and regrown AlGaAs, (c) a fabricated structure with wave-guides etched across the PSN grating.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SHG intensity as a function of fundamental power launched into the waveguide (filled circles) and the best linear fit with slope 2 (solid line).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectra of (a) the fundamental and (b) the SHG pulses.

Equations (2)

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lc=πβ2ω-2βωm,
ls=πβ2ω-2βωm.

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