Abstract

Second-harmonic generation was observed in Ge20As25S55 chalcogenide glass irradiated by an electron beam. The second-harmonic intensity increased with increasing electron-beam current and accelerating voltage. The second-harmonic generation in Ge20As25S55 glass was caused by the space-charge electrostatic field that was generated by irradiation of an electron beam. Second-order nonlinearity χ2 as great as 0.8  pm/V was obtained. The results of measurements of thermally stimulated depolarization current indicated that the glass was poled in the thin layers of its surface (several micrometers) and that the nonlinearity was stable.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1999 (2)

I. V. Kityk and B. Sahraoui, Phys. Rev. B 60, 942 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Wasylak, J. Kucharski, I. V. Kityk, and B. Sahraoui, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

K. Tanaka, K. Kashima, K. Hirao, N. Soga, A. Mito, and H. Nasu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 185, 123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, K. Kashima, K. Hirao, N. Soga, S. Yamagata, A. Mito, and H. Nasu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 175 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

1991 (3)

R. A. Myers, N. Mukherjee, and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 17, 1732 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. Nasayuki, Y. Q. Zhu, and T. Yoshihide, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 74, 238 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Barbier, M. Green, and S. J. Madden, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 715 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1983 (1)

1981 (2)

Y. Sasaki and Y. Ohmori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 466 (1981).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Jannek and D. E. Day, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 64, 227 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

R. Chen, J. Mater. Sci. 11, 1521 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune, M. Nisenoff, and C. M. Savage, Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 21 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Barbier, D.

D. Barbier, M. Green, and S. J. Madden, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 715 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Brueck, S. R. J.

N. Mukherjee, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 665 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Myers, N. Mukherjee, and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 17, 1732 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chen, R.

R. Chen, J. Mater. Sci. 11, 1521 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Day, D. E.

H. D. Jannek and D. E. Day, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 64, 227 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Green, M.

D. Barbier, M. Green, and S. J. Madden, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 715 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

K. Tanaka, K. Kashima, K. Hirao, N. Soga, A. Mito, and H. Nasu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 185, 123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, K. Kashima, K. Hirao, N. Soga, S. Yamagata, A. Mito, and H. Nasu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 175 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jain, R. K.

Jannek, H. D.

H. D. Jannek and D. E. Day, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 64, 227 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kamal, A.

Kashima, K.

K. Tanaka, K. Kashima, K. Hirao, N. Soga, A. Mito, and H. Nasu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 185, 123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, K. Kashima, K. Hirao, N. Soga, S. Yamagata, A. Mito, and H. Nasu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 175 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

Kityk, I. V.

I. V. Kityk and B. Sahraoui, Phys. Rev. B 60, 942 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Wasylak, J. Kucharski, I. V. Kityk, and B. Sahraoui, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kucharski, J.

J. Wasylak, J. Kucharski, I. V. Kityk, and B. Sahraoui, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lind, R. C.

Madden, S. J.

D. Barbier, M. Green, and S. J. Madden, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 715 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Maker, P. D.

P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune, M. Nisenoff, and C. M. Savage, Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 21 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Margulis, W.

Mito, A.

K. Tanaka, K. Kashima, K. Hirao, N. Soga, A. Mito, and H. Nasu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 185, 123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, K. Kashima, K. Hirao, N. Soga, S. Yamagata, A. Mito, and H. Nasu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 175 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, N.

N. Mukherjee, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 665 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Myers, N. Mukherjee, and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 17, 1732 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Myers, R. A.

N. Mukherjee, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 665 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Myers, N. Mukherjee, and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 17, 1732 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nasayuki, N.

N. Nasayuki, Y. Q. Zhu, and T. Yoshihide, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 74, 238 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nasu, H.

K. Tanaka, K. Kashima, K. Hirao, N. Soga, S. Yamagata, A. Mito, and H. Nasu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 175 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, K. Kashima, K. Hirao, N. Soga, A. Mito, and H. Nasu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 185, 123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nisenoff, M.

P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune, M. Nisenoff, and C. M. Savage, Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 21 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Ohmori, Y.

Y. Sasaki and Y. Ohmori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 466 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Osterberg, U.

Russel, P. St. J.

Sahraoui, B.

J. Wasylak, J. Kucharski, I. V. Kityk, and B. Sahraoui, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Kityk and B. Sahraoui, Phys. Rev. B 60, 942 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, Y.

Y. Sasaki and Y. Ohmori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 466 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Savage, C. M.

P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune, M. Nisenoff, and C. M. Savage, Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 21 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Soga, N.

K. Tanaka, K. Kashima, K. Hirao, N. Soga, A. Mito, and H. Nasu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 185, 123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, K. Kashima, K. Hirao, N. Soga, S. Yamagata, A. Mito, and H. Nasu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 175 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

K. Tanaka, K. Kashima, K. Hirao, N. Soga, A. Mito, and H. Nasu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 185, 123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, K. Kashima, K. Hirao, N. Soga, S. Yamagata, A. Mito, and H. Nasu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 175 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Terhune, R. W.

P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune, M. Nisenoff, and C. M. Savage, Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 21 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Wasylak, J.

J. Wasylak, J. Kucharski, I. V. Kityk, and B. Sahraoui, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamagata, S.

K. Tanaka, K. Kashima, K. Hirao, N. Soga, S. Yamagata, A. Mito, and H. Nasu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 175 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yoshihide, T.

N. Nasayuki, Y. Q. Zhu, and T. Yoshihide, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 74, 238 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y. Q.

N. Nasayuki, Y. Q. Zhu, and T. Yoshihide, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 74, 238 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Sasaki and Y. Ohmori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 466 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (2)

N. Nasayuki, Y. Q. Zhu, and T. Yoshihide, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 74, 238 (1991).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Jannek and D. E. Day, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 64, 227 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Wasylak, J. Kucharski, I. V. Kityk, and B. Sahraoui, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 425 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

D. Barbier, M. Green, and S. J. Madden, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 715 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

R. Chen, J. Mater. Sci. 11, 1521 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

K. Tanaka, K. Kashima, K. Hirao, N. Soga, A. Mito, and H. Nasu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 185, 123 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Tanaka, K. Kashima, K. Hirao, N. Soga, S. Yamagata, A. Mito, and H. Nasu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 175 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

I. V. Kityk and B. Sahraoui, Phys. Rev. B 60, 942 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

P. D. Maker, R. W. Terhune, M. Nisenoff, and C. M. Savage, Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 21 (1962).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of equipment for measurement of optical SH intensity. Thick and thin lines, SH and fundamental waves, respectively. ND, neutral-density filter; AP, aperture; PLs, polarizers; IR cut, IR cut filter; PM, photomultiplier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Maker fringe pattern of Ge20As25S55 glass. The accelerating voltage is 30  kV, the electron-beam current is 4.0  nA, and the irradiation time is 5  min.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SH intensity as a function of electron-beam current in Ge20As25S55 glass. The accelerating voltage is 30  kV, and the irradiation time is 5  min.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SH intensity as a function of accelerating voltage in Ge20As25S55 glass. The electron-beam current is 3.0  nA, and the irradiation time is 5  min.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

TSDC curves of Ge20As25S55 glass. The accelerating voltage is 30  kV, the electron-beam current is 3.0  nA, and the irradiation time is 5  min.

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