Abstract

We propose a way to deliver nanojoule-energy, 100-fs pulses at 800  nm through a few meters of standard optical fiber. Pulses from a mode-locked laser are compressed temporally, and then spectrally, to produce the desired pulses at the end of the fiber. Initial experiments agree well with calculations and demonstrate the benefits of this technique: For an energy of 0.5 nJ, the delivered pulses are 5 times shorter than those delivered by other techniques. The issues that must be addressed to scale the technique up to delivered pulse energies of 5  nJ are identified, and the apparatus employs only readily available components. Thus we expect it to find use in the many applications that would benefit from fiber delivery of femtosecond pulses.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Lago, A. T. Obeidat, A. E. Kaplan, J. B. Khurgin, P. L. Shkolnikov, and M. D. Stern, Opt. Lett. 20, 2054 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. B. W. Atherton and M. K. Reed, in Commercial Applications of Ultrafast Lasers, M. K. Reed, ed., Proc. SPIE3269, 22 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Oberthaler and R. A. Höpfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. T. Myaing, J. Urayama, A. Braun, and T. B. Norris, Opt. Express 7, 210 (2000), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. St. J. Russell, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, B. J. Mangan, and W. J. Wadsworth, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2000, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 98–100.
  6. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).
  7. For example, S. Kane and J. Squier, J. Opt. Soc. Am B 14, 661–665 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Kane, J. Squier, J. V. Rudd, and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 19, 1876 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Braun, T. Sosnowski, S. Kane, P. V. Rompay, T. Norris, and G. A. Mourou, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 426 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2000

1998

A. Braun, T. Sosnowski, S. Kane, P. V. Rompay, T. Norris, and G. A. Mourou, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 426 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

For example, S. Kane and J. Squier, J. Opt. Soc. Am B 14, 661–665 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

1994

1993

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Höpfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

Atherton, B. W.

B. W. Atherton and M. K. Reed, in Commercial Applications of Ultrafast Lasers, M. K. Reed, ed., Proc. SPIE3269, 22 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

P. St. J. Russell, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, B. J. Mangan, and W. J. Wadsworth, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2000, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 98–100.

Braun, A.

M. T. Myaing, J. Urayama, A. Braun, and T. B. Norris, Opt. Express 7, 210 (2000), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Braun, T. Sosnowski, S. Kane, P. V. Rompay, T. Norris, and G. A. Mourou, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 426 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Höpfel, R. A.

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Höpfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kane, S.

A. Braun, T. Sosnowski, S. Kane, P. V. Rompay, T. Norris, and G. A. Mourou, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 426 (1998).
[CrossRef]

For example, S. Kane and J. Squier, J. Opt. Soc. Am B 14, 661–665 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Kane, J. Squier, J. V. Rudd, and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 19, 1876 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kaplan, A. E.

Khurgin, J. B.

Knight, J. C.

P. St. J. Russell, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, B. J. Mangan, and W. J. Wadsworth, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2000, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 98–100.

Lago, A.

Mangan, B. J.

P. St. J. Russell, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, B. J. Mangan, and W. J. Wadsworth, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2000, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 98–100.

Mourou, G.

Mourou, G. A.

A. Braun, T. Sosnowski, S. Kane, P. V. Rompay, T. Norris, and G. A. Mourou, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 426 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Myaing, M. T.

Norris, T.

A. Braun, T. Sosnowski, S. Kane, P. V. Rompay, T. Norris, and G. A. Mourou, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 426 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Norris, T. B.

Obeidat, A. T.

Oberthaler, M.

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Höpfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Reed, M. K.

B. W. Atherton and M. K. Reed, in Commercial Applications of Ultrafast Lasers, M. K. Reed, ed., Proc. SPIE3269, 22 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rompay, P. V.

A. Braun, T. Sosnowski, S. Kane, P. V. Rompay, T. Norris, and G. A. Mourou, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 426 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rudd, J. V.

Russell, P. St. J.

P. St. J. Russell, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, B. J. Mangan, and W. J. Wadsworth, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2000, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 98–100.

Shkolnikov, P. L.

Sosnowski, T.

A. Braun, T. Sosnowski, S. Kane, P. V. Rompay, T. Norris, and G. A. Mourou, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 426 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

For example, S. Kane and J. Squier, J. Opt. Soc. Am B 14, 661–665 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Kane, J. Squier, J. V. Rudd, and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 19, 1876 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Stern, M. D.

Urayama, J.

Wadsworth, W. J.

P. St. J. Russell, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, B. J. Mangan, and W. J. Wadsworth, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2000, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 98–100.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Höpfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

A. Braun, T. Sosnowski, S. Kane, P. V. Rompay, T. Norris, and G. A. Mourou, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 426 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am B

For example, S. Kane and J. Squier, J. Opt. Soc. Am B 14, 661–665 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

B. W. Atherton and M. K. Reed, in Commercial Applications of Ultrafast Lasers, M. K. Reed, ed., Proc. SPIE3269, 22 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. St. J. Russell, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, B. J. Mangan, and W. J. Wadsworth, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2000, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 98–100.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Top, diagram of the delivery system: A, input; B, point halfway through the dispersive delay; and C, output. A–B acts as a pulse compressor; B–C acts as a spectral compressor. Middle and bottom, simulations of a 1-nJ pulse propagating through the delivery system. Each fiber is 1  m long. Middle, time domain; bottom, frequency domain. Dashed lines, input pulse.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental (top) and calculated (bottom) pulse delivery. Top left, IAC of the output pulse, along with the envelopes of the IACs of the input (dashed curves) and the prechirped (solid curves) pulses. Top right, frequency spectra measured at the indicated points. The inset of the bottom left figure is the calculated intensity profile of the delivered pulse.

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