Abstract

We have fabricated and tested a waveguide grating mirror that uses anomalous reflection of light associated with excitation of waveguide modes. Sharp features are observed in the reflection spectra in both the wavelength and the angular domains. We confirm experimentally that, when the waveguide grating mirror is placed a short distance in front of a large-area semiconductor laser, it can control the emission spectrum. This demonstration opens a new approach to the design of very compact semiconductor lasers operating in the single-frequency–single-mode regime.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. Z. H. Liu, S. Tibuleac, P. P. Young, and R. Magnusson, “High-efficiency guided-mode resonance filter,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1556–1558 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Pigeon, O. Parriaux, Y. Ouerdane, and A. V. Tishchenko, “Polarizing grating mirror for CW Nd:YAG microchip lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 648–650 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Salzman, T. Venkatesan, R. Lang, M. Mittelstein, and A. Yariv, “Unstable resonator cavity semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 218–220 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. J. Lang, K. Dzurko, A. A. Hardy, S. Demars, A. Schoenfelder, and D. F. Welch, “Theory of grating-confined broad-area lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2196–2210 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Peterman, Laser Diode Modulation and Noise (Kluwer Academic, Boston, Mass., 1988).
    [CrossRef]

2000

G. Levy-Yurista and A. A. Friesem, “Very narrow spectral filters with multilayered grating-waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1596–1598 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Pigeon, O. Parriaux, Y. Ouerdane, and A. V. Tishchenko, “Polarizing grating mirror for CW Nd:YAG microchip lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 648–650 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2038–2059 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

1989

I. A. Avrutsky, A. S. Svakhin, and V. A. Sychugov, “Interference phenomena in waveguide with two corrugated boundaries,” J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1303–1320 (1989).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov, “Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide,” J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1527–1539 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1986

I. A. Avrutskii, G. A. Golubenko, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, “Spectral and laser characteristics of a mirror with a corrugated waveguide on its surface,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1063–1065 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985

J. Salzman, T. Venkatesan, R. Lang, M. Mittelstein, and A. Yariv, “Unstable resonator cavity semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 218–220 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1965

Avrutskii, I. A.

I. A. Avrutskii, G. A. Golubenko, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, “Spectral and laser characteristics of a mirror with a corrugated waveguide on its surface,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1063–1065 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Avrutsky, I. A.

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov, “Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide,” J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1527–1539 (1989).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Avrutsky, A. S. Svakhin, and V. A. Sychugov, “Interference phenomena in waveguide with two corrugated boundaries,” J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1303–1320 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Demars, S.

R. J. Lang, K. Dzurko, A. A. Hardy, S. Demars, A. Schoenfelder, and D. F. Welch, “Theory of grating-confined broad-area lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2196–2210 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dzurko, K.

R. J. Lang, K. Dzurko, A. A. Hardy, S. Demars, A. Schoenfelder, and D. F. Welch, “Theory of grating-confined broad-area lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2196–2210 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Erdoran, T.

Friesem, A. A.

G. Levy-Yurista and A. A. Friesem, “Very narrow spectral filters with multilayered grating-waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1596–1598 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2038–2059 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Golubenko, G. A.

I. A. Avrutskii, G. A. Golubenko, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, “Spectral and laser characteristics of a mirror with a corrugated waveguide on its surface,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1063–1065 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hardy, A. A.

R. J. Lang, K. Dzurko, A. A. Hardy, S. Demars, A. Schoenfelder, and D. F. Welch, “Theory of grating-confined broad-area lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2196–2210 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hesel, A.

Lang, R.

J. Salzman, T. Venkatesan, R. Lang, M. Mittelstein, and A. Yariv, “Unstable resonator cavity semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 218–220 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Lang, R. J.

R. J. Lang, K. Dzurko, A. A. Hardy, S. Demars, A. Schoenfelder, and D. F. Welch, “Theory of grating-confined broad-area lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2196–2210 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Levy-Yurista, G.

G. Levy-Yurista and A. A. Friesem, “Very narrow spectral filters with multilayered grating-waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1596–1598 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z. H.

Magnusson, R.

Mittelstein, M.

J. Salzman, T. Venkatesan, R. Lang, M. Mittelstein, and A. Yariv, “Unstable resonator cavity semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 218–220 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Morris, G. M.

Norton, S. M.

Oliner, A.

Ouerdane, Y.

F. Pigeon, O. Parriaux, Y. Ouerdane, and A. V. Tishchenko, “Polarizing grating mirror for CW Nd:YAG microchip lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 648–650 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Parriaux, O.

F. Pigeon, O. Parriaux, Y. Ouerdane, and A. V. Tishchenko, “Polarizing grating mirror for CW Nd:YAG microchip lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 648–650 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Peterman, K.

K. Peterman, Laser Diode Modulation and Noise (Kluwer Academic, Boston, Mass., 1988).
[CrossRef]

Pigeon, F.

F. Pigeon, O. Parriaux, Y. Ouerdane, and A. V. Tishchenko, “Polarizing grating mirror for CW Nd:YAG microchip lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 648–650 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rosenblatt, D.

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2038–2059 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Salzman, J.

J. Salzman, T. Venkatesan, R. Lang, M. Mittelstein, and A. Yariv, “Unstable resonator cavity semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 218–220 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Schoenfelder, A.

R. J. Lang, K. Dzurko, A. A. Hardy, S. Demars, A. Schoenfelder, and D. F. Welch, “Theory of grating-confined broad-area lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2196–2210 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sharon, A.

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2038–2059 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Svakhin, A. S.

I. A. Avrutsky, A. S. Svakhin, and V. A. Sychugov, “Interference phenomena in waveguide with two corrugated boundaries,” J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1303–1320 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sychugov, V. A.

I. A. Avrutsky, A. S. Svakhin, and V. A. Sychugov, “Interference phenomena in waveguide with two corrugated boundaries,” J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1303–1320 (1989).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov, “Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide,” J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1527–1539 (1989).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Avrutskii, G. A. Golubenko, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, “Spectral and laser characteristics of a mirror with a corrugated waveguide on its surface,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1063–1065 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tibuleac, S.

Tishchenko, A. V.

F. Pigeon, O. Parriaux, Y. Ouerdane, and A. V. Tishchenko, “Polarizing grating mirror for CW Nd:YAG microchip lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 648–650 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Avrutskii, G. A. Golubenko, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, “Spectral and laser characteristics of a mirror with a corrugated waveguide on its surface,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1063–1065 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Venkatesan, T.

J. Salzman, T. Venkatesan, R. Lang, M. Mittelstein, and A. Yariv, “Unstable resonator cavity semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 218–220 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. S.

Welch, D. F.

R. J. Lang, K. Dzurko, A. A. Hardy, S. Demars, A. Schoenfelder, and D. F. Welch, “Theory of grating-confined broad-area lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2196–2210 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

J. Salzman, T. Venkatesan, R. Lang, M. Mittelstein, and A. Yariv, “Unstable resonator cavity semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 218–220 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Young, P. P.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. Salzman, T. Venkatesan, R. Lang, M. Mittelstein, and A. Yariv, “Unstable resonator cavity semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 218–220 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

G. Levy-Yurista and A. A. Friesem, “Very narrow spectral filters with multilayered grating-waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1596–1598 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2038–2059 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Lang, K. Dzurko, A. A. Hardy, S. Demars, A. Schoenfelder, and D. F. Welch, “Theory of grating-confined broad-area lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2196–2210 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

F. Pigeon, O. Parriaux, Y. Ouerdane, and A. V. Tishchenko, “Polarizing grating mirror for CW Nd:YAG microchip lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 648–650 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

I. A. Avrutsky, A. S. Svakhin, and V. A. Sychugov, “Interference phenomena in waveguide with two corrugated boundaries,” J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1303–1320 (1989).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov, “Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide,” J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1527–1539 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Opt. Lett.

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

I. A. Avrutskii, G. A. Golubenko, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, “Spectral and laser characteristics of a mirror with a corrugated waveguide on its surface,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1063–1065 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Other

K. Peterman, Laser Diode Modulation and Noise (Kluwer Academic, Boston, Mass., 1988).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic view of the waveguide grating mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Angular reflectance spectra measured at different wavelengths.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Emission spectra with (solid curve) and without (dashed curve) the waveguide grating mirror. The inset shows the geometry of the experiment.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Far-field emission pattern of a laser with a waveguide grating mirror.

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