Abstract

We report on photoinduced second-harmonic generation (SHG) in chalcogenide glasses. Fundamental and second-harmonic waves from a nanosecond pulsed Nd:YAG laser were used to induce second-order nonlinearity in chalcogenide glasses. The magnitude of SHG in 20Ge·20As·60S glass was 104 larger than that of tellurite glass with a composition of 15Nb2O5·85TeO2 (mol.%). Moreover, no apparent decay of photoinduced SHG in 20Ge·20As·60S glass was observed after optical poling at room temperature. We suggest that the large and stable value of χ2 is due to the induced defect structures and large χ3 of the chalcogenide glasses.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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2000 (1)

J. Si, Y. Kondo, J. Qiu, K. Kitaoka, N. Sugimoto, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Commun. 180, 179 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

1993 (2)

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H. Nasu, T. Uchigaki, K. Kamiya, H. Kanbara, and K. Kubodera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 3899 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, C. Krantschik, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 247 (1991).

D. Z. Anderson, V. Mizrahi, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Lett. 16, 796 (1991).
[PubMed]

1990 (1)

N. M. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1745 (1990).
[PubMed]

1989 (2)

B. Ya. Zel’dovich and A. N. Chudinov, JETP Lett. 50, 439 (1989).

E. E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 575 (1989).

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

Anderson, D. Z.

Chudinov, A. N.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich and A. N. Chudinov, JETP Lett. 50, 439 (1989).

Dianov, E. E. M.

E. E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 575 (1989).

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, C. Krantschik, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 247 (1991).

Digiovanni, D. J.

Dominic, V.

V. Dominic and J. Feinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3446 (1993).
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Feinberg, J.

V. Dominic and J. Feinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3446 (1993).
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Hirao, K.

J. Si, Y. Kondo, J. Qiu, K. Kitaoka, N. Sugimoto, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Commun. 180, 179 (2000).
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J. Si, K. Kitaoka, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 20, 2180 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kamiya, K.

H. Nasu, T. Uchigaki, K. Kamiya, H. Kanbara, and K. Kubodera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 3899 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kanbara, H.

H. Nasu, T. Uchigaki, K. Kamiya, H. Kanbara, and K. Kubodera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 3899 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, C. Krantschik, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 247 (1991).

E. E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 575 (1989).

Kitaoka, K.

J. Si, Y. Kondo, J. Qiu, K. Kitaoka, N. Sugimoto, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Commun. 180, 179 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, K. Kitaoka, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 20, 2180 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, Y.

J. Si, Y. Kondo, J. Qiu, K. Kitaoka, N. Sugimoto, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Commun. 180, 179 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Krantschik, C.

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, C. Krantschik, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 247 (1991).

Krol, D. M.

Kubodera, K.

H. Nasu, T. Uchigaki, K. Kamiya, H. Kanbara, and K. Kubodera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 3899 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kyung, J. H.

Lawandy, N. M.

Margulis, W.

Mitsuyu, T.

J. Si, Y. Kondo, J. Qiu, K. Kitaoka, N. Sugimoto, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Commun. 180, 179 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, K. Kitaoka, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 20, 2180 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mizrahi, V.

Nageno, Y.

Nasu, H.

H. Nasu, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 73, 1794 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. Nasu, T. Uchigaki, K. Kamiya, H. Kanbara, and K. Kubodera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 3899 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Osterberg, U.

Pleibel, W.

Qiu, J.

J. Si, Y. Kondo, J. Qiu, K. Kitaoka, N. Sugimoto, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Commun. 180, 179 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, K. Kitaoka, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 20, 2180 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Si, J.

J. Si, Y. Kondo, J. Qiu, K. Kitaoka, N. Sugimoto, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Commun. 180, 179 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, K. Kitaoka, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 20, 2180 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

Stepanov, D. Yu.

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, C. Krantschik, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 247 (1991).

E. E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 575 (1989).

Stolen, R. H.

Sugimoto, N.

J. Si, Y. Kondo, J. Qiu, K. Kitaoka, N. Sugimoto, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Commun. 180, 179 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tom, H. W. K.

Uchigaki, T.

H. Nasu, T. Uchigaki, K. Kamiya, H. Kanbara, and K. Kubodera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 3899 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zel’dovich, B. Ya.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich and A. N. Chudinov, JETP Lett. 50, 439 (1989).

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

H. Nasu, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 73, 1794 (1992).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett. (1)

B. Ya. Zel’dovich and A. N. Chudinov, JETP Lett. 50, 439 (1989).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Nasu, T. Uchigaki, K. Kamiya, H. Kanbara, and K. Kubodera, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 3899 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Si, Y. Kondo, J. Qiu, K. Kitaoka, N. Sugimoto, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Commun. 180, 179 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

N. M. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1745 (1990).
[PubMed]

V. Dominic and J. Feinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3446 (1993).
[PubMed]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 575 (1989).

Sov. Lightwave Commun. (1)

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, C. Krantschik, and D. Yu. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 247 (1991).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Growth of the intensity of SHG in 20Ge·20As·60S glass. I* is the maximum intensity of the second-harmonic wave generated from 1-mm-thick Y-cut quartz. The power densites of the fundamental and second-harmonic waves for optical poling were 1 GW/cm2 and 4MW/cm2, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Decay of the photoinduced χ2 for 20Ge·20As·60S glass under irradiation of the ω preparation light. The intensity and the repetition rate of the ω preparation light were kept at 1 GW/cm2 and 20  Hz, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

x component of SHG versus readout polarization.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Symmetry of photoinduced χ2 of a 20Ge·20As·60S glass sample, where χ2 is induced by dual-frequency coherent excitation. SHG intensity of photoinduced χ2 was measured by simultaneous rotation of the input-beam polarization and the analyzing polarizer in optically encoded 20Ge·20As·60S glass.

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