Abstract

Strong asymmetry in the charge distribution supporting a single noninteracting spatial needle soliton in a paraelectric photorefractive is directly observed by means of electroholographic readout. Whereas in trapping conditions a quasi-circular wave is supported, the underlying double-dipolar structure can be made to support two distinct propagation modes.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, Science 286, 1518 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Segev and M. Stegeman, Phys. Today 51(8), 42 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. A. Zozulya and D. Z. Anderson, Phys. Rev. A 51, 1520 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 706 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, A. Degasperis, M. Segev, and S. Trillo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3078 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. A. Zozulya, D. Z. Anderson, A. V. Mamaev, and M. Saffman, Europhys. Lett. 36, 419 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. M. Gómez Sarabia, P. A. Márquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2767 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. S. Garcia Quirino, M. D. Iturbe Castillo, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Opt. Commun. 123, 597 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. N. Korneev, P. A. Márquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, M. Klein, and B. Wechsler, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 311 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. One-axis interferometry such as that described in Ref.  10 cannot be used here because in the highly localized case of needles the beams are self-bending.
  14. E. DelRe, M. Tamburrini, and A. J. Agranat, Opt. Lett. 25, 963 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. J. Agranat, R. Hofmeister, and A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 17, 713 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. There is no fundamental difference between anisotropy in paraelectrics and ferroelectrics.
  17. M. Saffman and A. A. Zozulya, Opt. Lett. 23, 1579 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  18. This approach differs from those reported in previous studies in that it is greatly simplified but, consequently, can only be used to confirm or contradict our specific experimental results.

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, Science 286, 1518 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (3)

M. Segev and M. Stegeman, Phys. Today 51(8), 42 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Saffman and A. A. Zozulya, Opt. Lett. 23, 1579 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (5)

A. A. Zozulya, D. Z. Anderson, A. V. Mamaev, and M. Saffman, Europhys. Lett. 36, 419 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Gómez Sarabia, P. A. Márquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2767 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Garcia Quirino, M. D. Iturbe Castillo, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Opt. Commun. 123, 597 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Korneev, P. A. Márquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, M. Klein, and B. Wechsler, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 706 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Zozulya and D. Z. Anderson, Phys. Rev. A 51, 1520 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (2)

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Agranat, R. Hofmeister, and A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 17, 713 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agranat, A. J.

Anderson, D. Z.

A. A. Zozulya, D. Z. Anderson, A. V. Mamaev, and M. Saffman, Europhys. Lett. 36, 419 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Zozulya and D. Z. Anderson, Phys. Rev. A 51, 1520 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crosignani, B.

B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, A. Degasperis, M. Segev, and S. Trillo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3078 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Degasperis, A.

DelRe, E.

Denz, C.

W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Di Porto, P.

B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, A. Degasperis, M. Segev, and S. Trillo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3078 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, B.

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia Quirino, G. S.

G. S. Garcia Quirino, M. D. Iturbe Castillo, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Opt. Commun. 123, 597 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gómez Sarabia, C. M.

Hofmeister, R.

Iturbe Castillo, M. D.

G. S. Garcia Quirino, M. D. Iturbe Castillo, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Opt. Commun. 123, 597 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Klein, M.

N. Korneev, P. A. Márquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, M. Klein, and B. Wechsler, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Korneev, N.

N. Korneev, P. A. Márquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, M. Klein, and B. Wechsler, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Krolikowski, W.

W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mamaev, A. V.

A. A. Zozulya, D. Z. Anderson, A. V. Mamaev, and M. Saffman, Europhys. Lett. 36, 419 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Márquez Aguilar, P. A.

C. M. Gómez Sarabia, P. A. Márquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2767 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Korneev, P. A. Márquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, M. Klein, and B. Wechsler, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Saffman, M.

W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Saffman and A. A. Zozulya, Opt. Lett. 23, 1579 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Zozulya, D. Z. Anderson, A. V. Mamaev, and M. Saffman, Europhys. Lett. 36, 419 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Salamo, G.

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sánchez Mondragón, J. J.

N. Korneev, P. A. Márquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, M. Klein, and B. Wechsler, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Gómez Sarabia, P. A. Márquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2767 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Garcia Quirino, M. D. Iturbe Castillo, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Opt. Commun. 123, 597 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Segev, M.

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, Science 286, 1518 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev and M. Stegeman, Phys. Today 51(8), 42 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, A. Degasperis, M. Segev, and S. Trillo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3078 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 706 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shih, M.

M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 706 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, Science 286, 1518 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stegeman, M.

M. Segev and M. Stegeman, Phys. Today 51(8), 42 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, S.

G. S. Garcia Quirino, M. D. Iturbe Castillo, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Opt. Commun. 123, 597 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Gómez Sarabia, P. A. Márquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2767 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Korneev, P. A. Márquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, M. Klein, and B. Wechsler, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tamburrini, M.

Trillo, S.

Valley, G. C.

M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 706 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Vysloukh, V.

C. M. Gómez Sarabia, P. A. Márquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2767 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Garcia Quirino, M. D. Iturbe Castillo, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Opt. Commun. 123, 597 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wechsler, B.

N. Korneev, P. A. Márquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, M. Klein, and B. Wechsler, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. J. Agranat, R. Hofmeister, and A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 17, 713 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zozulya, A. A.

M. Saffman and A. A. Zozulya, Opt. Lett. 23, 1579 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Zozulya, D. Z. Anderson, A. V. Mamaev, and M. Saffman, Europhys. Lett. 36, 419 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Zozulya and D. Z. Anderson, Phys. Rev. A 51, 1520 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

A. A. Zozulya, D. Z. Anderson, A. V. Mamaev, and M. Saffman, Europhys. Lett. 36, 419 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

N. Korneev, P. A. Márquez Aguilar, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, M. Klein, and B. Wechsler, J. Mod. Opt. 43, 311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. S. Garcia Quirino, M. D. Iturbe Castillo, J. J. Sánchez Mondragón, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Opt. Commun. 123, 597 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. A. Zozulya and D. Z. Anderson, Phys. Rev. A 51, 1520 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, and B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Krolikowski, M. Saffman, B. Luther-Davies, and C. Denz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Today (1)

M. Segev and M. Stegeman, Phys. Today 51(8), 42 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, Science 286, 1518 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

One-axis interferometry such as that described in Ref.  10 cannot be used here because in the highly localized case of needles the beams are self-bending.

There is no fundamental difference between anisotropy in paraelectrics and ferroelectrics.

This approach differs from those reported in previous studies in that it is greatly simplified but, consequently, can only be used to confirm or contradict our specific experimental results.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Electroholography of a single photorefractive needle: (a) Image and profiles of input transverse intensity distribution, (b) linear diffraction with nonlinear charge separation turned off V=0, (c) self-trapping distribution for V=0.85 kV, (d) readout for V=0.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Self-consistency of needle solitons trapped in an anisotropic nonlinear index pattern: (a) anisotropic index pattern, (b) input intensity distribution, (c), (d) intensity after (c) 4.5- and (d) 25-mm (i.e., 18 diffraction lengths) propagation, respectively, for the experimental situation described above. Throughout propagation the asymmetric oscillatory behavior was stable, such that Δx/Δy-1<1%.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Double-hump guiding structure: (a) Two different input beams, shifted by approximately ±10 μm, (b), (c) guided beam in the two humps, (d) linear diffraction of the unshifted beam.

Metrics