Abstract

Exact calculations of the near-field electromagnetic force on a nanoparticle exerted by the presence of a corrugated dielectric interface are carried out. The illumination of this system excites the particle eigenmodes. The calculation is two-dimensional, so the nanoparticle is actually a nanocylinder that scans parallel to the interface. This system constitutes a model of force transduction and surface topography imaging for a photonic-force microscope with signal enhancement owing to morphological resonance excitation of the probe.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. L. Florin, J. K. H. Hörber, and E. H. K. Stelzer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 446 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Wada, K. Sasaki, and H. Masuhara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2815 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Pampaloni, http://www-nw.uni-regensburg.de/~paf29737.kohler.chimie.uni.regensburg.de .
  5. J. C. Crocker and D. G. Grier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 352 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. L. Stout and W. W. Webb, Methods Cell Biol. 55, 99 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. B. Smith, Y. Cui, and C. Bustamante, Science 271, 795 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. A. R. Clapp, A. G. Ruta, and R. B. Dickinson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 2627 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Sugiura and T. Okada, Opt. Lett. 22, 1663 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. A. Madrazo and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 618 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (4)

K. Wada, K. Sasaki, and H. Masuhara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2815 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Dogariu and R. Rajagapolan, Langmuir 16, 2770 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Chaumet and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, Phys. Rev. B 20, 14,119 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Arias-González and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, Opt. Lett. 25, 782 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

1998 (1)

A. L. Stout and W. W. Webb, Methods Cell Biol. 55, 99 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

1996 (2)

E. L. Florin, J. K. H. Hörber, and E. H. K. Stelzer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 446 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Smith, Y. Cui, and C. Bustamante, Science 271, 795 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

J. C. Crocker and D. G. Grier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 352 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

1986 (1)

Arias-González, J. R.

Ashkin, A.

Bjorkholm, J. E.

Bustamante, C.

S. B. Smith, Y. Cui, and C. Bustamante, Science 271, 795 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carminati, R.

J. J. Greffet and R. Carminati, Prog. Surf. Sci. 56, 133 (1997).

Chaumet, P. C.

P. C. Chaumet and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, Phys. Rev. B 20, 14,119 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.

Clapp, A. R.

A. R. Clapp, A. G. Ruta, and R. B. Dickinson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 2627 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Crocker, J. C.

J. C. Crocker and D. G. Grier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 352 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cui, Y.

S. B. Smith, Y. Cui, and C. Bustamante, Science 271, 795 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dickinson, R. B.

A. R. Clapp, A. G. Ruta, and R. B. Dickinson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 2627 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dogariu, A. C.

A. C. Dogariu and R. Rajagapolan, Langmuir 16, 2770 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dziedzic, Y. M.

Florin, E. L.

E. L. Florin, J. K. H. Hörber, and E. H. K. Stelzer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 446 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ghislain, L. P.

Greffet, J. J.

J. J. Greffet and R. Carminati, Prog. Surf. Sci. 56, 133 (1997).

Grier, D. G.

J. C. Crocker and D. G. Grier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 352 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hörber, J. K. H.

E. L. Florin, J. K. H. Hörber, and E. H. K. Stelzer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 446 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. K. H. Hörber, “Local probe techniques in biology,” in Proceedings of the International School of Physics Enrico Fermi (Italian Physical Society, Bologna, Italy, to be published).

Lester, M.

Madrazo, A.

Masuhara, H.

K. Wada, K. Sasaki, and H. Masuhara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2815 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nieto-Vesperinas, M.

Okada, T.

Pampaloni, F.

F. Pampaloni, http://www-nw.uni-regensburg.de/~paf29737.kohler.chimie.uni.regensburg.de .

Rajagapolan, R.

A. C. Dogariu and R. Rajagapolan, Langmuir 16, 2770 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ruta, A. G.

A. R. Clapp, A. G. Ruta, and R. B. Dickinson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 2627 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, K.

K. Wada, K. Sasaki, and H. Masuhara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2815 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Smith, S. B.

S. B. Smith, Y. Cui, and C. Bustamante, Science 271, 795 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stelzer, E. H. K.

E. L. Florin, J. K. H. Hörber, and E. H. K. Stelzer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 446 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stout, A. L.

A. L. Stout and W. W. Webb, Methods Cell Biol. 55, 99 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sugiura, T.

Wada, K.

K. Wada, K. Sasaki, and H. Masuhara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2815 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Webb, W. W.

A. L. Stout and W. W. Webb, Methods Cell Biol. 55, 99 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Ghislain and W. W. Webb, Opt. Lett. 18, 1678 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

E. L. Florin, J. K. H. Hörber, and E. H. K. Stelzer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 446 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Wada, K. Sasaki, and H. Masuhara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2815 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

Langmuir (1)

A. C. Dogariu and R. Rajagapolan, Langmuir 16, 2770 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Methods Cell Biol. (1)

A. L. Stout and W. W. Webb, Methods Cell Biol. 55, 99 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. C. Chaumet and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, Phys. Rev. B 20, 14,119 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. C. Crocker and D. G. Grier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 352 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prog. Surf. Sci. (1)

J. J. Greffet and R. Carminati, Prog. Surf. Sci. 56, 133 (1997).

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. R. Clapp, A. G. Ruta, and R. B. Dickinson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 2627 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

S. B. Smith, Y. Cui, and C. Bustamante, Science 271, 795 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

F. Pampaloni, http://www-nw.uni-regensburg.de/~paf29737.kohler.chimie.uni.regensburg.de .

J. K. H. Hörber, “Local probe techniques in biology,” in Proceedings of the International School of Physics Enrico Fermi (Italian Physical Society, Bologna, Italy, to be published).

D. Pohl and D. Courjan, eds., Near Field Optics (Kluwer Scientific, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Nieto-Vesperinas and N. García, Optics at the Nanometer Scale (Kluwer Scientific, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1996).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Top, scattering geometry for two different surfaces: two protrusions with a Gaussian profile on a plane (left) and a sinusoidal relief grating (right). Bottom: insets (a) and (b), force curves upon a silicon cylinder with a=60 nm scanned at d=132.6 nm. Inset (a), horizontal force; inset (b), vertical force. Solid curves, λ=638 nm (on resonance); dashed curves, λ=538 nm (off resonance). Thin solid curve in (b), H/H02 at z=d+a in the absence of a particle; peak value, H/H02=0.07. Main figures (a) and (b) spatial distribution H/H02 in this configuration. The cylinder center is placed at (a) (0, 192.6)  nm and (b) (191.4, 192.6)  nm. The wavelength λ=638 nm excites the n,l Mie resonance.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Insets, force on a silicon cylinder with a=200 nm scanned at d=442 nm: (a) λ=919 nm (on resonance), (b) λ=759 nm (off resonance); solid curves, vertical force; dashed curves, horizontal force. Main figures (a) and (b), spatial distribution E/E02 in this configuration. The cylinder center is placed at (a) (0, 642) nm and (b) (638, 642) nm. The wavelength λ=919 nm excites the n,l Mie resonance.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Force on a silicon cylinder with a=60 nm scanned along a periodic grating. (a) λ=638 nm (on resonance), p=304 nm, h=63.8 nm, d=100 nm. (b) λ=538 nm (off resonance), p=256.2 nm, h=53.8 nm, d=74.5 nm. Solid curves, force along the Z direction; dashed curves, force along the X direction; thin solid curves at the bottom, surface profile.

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