Abstract

We report experimental observation of nonlinear all-optical switching of a 20-cm-long fiber Bragg grating. The grating is self-switched owing to the optical Kerr effect and in the nonlinear regime shows a 20-dB increase in transmissivity. This increase is a marked improvement from the switching results obtained from shorter gratings.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Chen and D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1994), Vol. XXXIII, Chap. III, pp. 203–260.
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. B. Aceves and S. Wabnitz, Phys. Lett. A 141, 37 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, and R. E. Slusher, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2980 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, and R. E. Slusher, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 587 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Taverner, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, and M. Isben, Opt. Lett. 23, 328 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Taverner, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, and M. Ibsen, Opt. Lett. 23, 259 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Broderick, C. M. de Sterke, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Commun. 113, 118 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, J. E. Caplen, K. Williams, and R. V. Penty, Opt. Lett. 22, 378 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 473.

1999

1998

1997

1996

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

N. Broderick, C. M. de Sterke, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Commun. 113, 118 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989

A. B. Aceves and S. Wabnitz, Phys. Lett. A 141, 37 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987

W. Chen and D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Aceves, A. B.

A. B. Aceves and S. Wabnitz, Phys. Lett. A 141, 37 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Barcelos, S.

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Broderick, N.

N. Broderick, C. M. de Sterke, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Commun. 113, 118 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Broderick, N. G. R.

D. Taverner, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, and M. Ibsen, Opt. Lett. 23, 259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Taverner, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, and M. Isben, Opt. Lett. 23, 328 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 473.

Caplen, J. E.

Chen, W.

W. Chen and D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cole, M. J.

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, C. M.

B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, and R. E. Slusher, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 587 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, and R. E. Slusher, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2980 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Broderick, C. M. de Sterke, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Commun. 113, 118 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1994), Vol. XXXIII, Chap. III, pp. 203–260.
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

Eggleton, B. J.

Garmire, E.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

D. Taverner, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, and M. Ibsen, Opt. Lett. 23, 259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 473.

Isben, M.

Krug, P. A.

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laming, R. I.

Loh, W. H.

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Marburger, J. H.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Mills, D. L.

W. Chen and D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Penty, R. V.

Richardson, D. J.

Sipe, J. E.

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Broderick, C. M. de Sterke, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Commun. 113, 118 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1994), Vol. XXXIII, Chap. III, pp. 203–260.
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R. E.

Taverner, D.

Wabnitz, S.

A. B. Aceves and S. Wabnitz, Phys. Lett. A 141, 37 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Williams, K.

Winful, H. G.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Zervas, M. N.

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

N. Broderick, C. M. de Sterke, and J. E. Sipe, Opt. Commun. 113, 118 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Lett. A

A. B. Aceves and S. Wabnitz, Phys. Lett. A 141, 37 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Chen and D. L. Mills, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 160 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1994), Vol. XXXIII, Chap. III, pp. 203–260.
[CrossRef]

N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 473.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measured reflection spectrum of the 20-cm grating.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission of the grating as a function of the input power. Note that the transmission is a strong function of the input power, indicating that nonlinear switching is occurring.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse formation associated with the formation of gap solitons. (a) Output for low input powers [launched peak powers of (dashed curve) 462 W and (solid curve) 1081 W]. (b) Output at high powers [launched peaked powers of (dashed curve) 1795 W and (solid curve) 1523 W]. The inset in (b) shows the input pulse shape.

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