Abstract

We demonstrate wide, continuous tuning of the single-frequency idler wave of a cw singly resonant optical parametric oscillator (SRO). The SRO consists of a periodically poled LiNbO3 crystal for quasi-phase matching in a four-mirror signal-resonant ring cavity. The SRO, excited by 2.25 W of 924-nm radiation from an InGaAs diode laser, generates as much as 200 mW of single-frequency 2.1µm idler radiation. We tune the idler frequency continuously within a range as large as 56 GHz by changing the wavelength of the diode pump laser. The versatility of this continuously tunable single-frequency infrared source is demonstrated by recording of N2O rovibrational absorption lines near 2.1 µm.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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1999 (1)

1998 (4)

G. M. Gibson, M. H. Dunn, and M. J. Padgett, Opt. Lett. 23, 40 (1998); G. M. Gibson, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, Opt. Lett. 24, 397 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Kühnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. S. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D.-H. Lee, M. E. Klein, and K.-J. Boller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 747 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

K.-J. Boller, M. Scheidt, B. Beier, C. Becher, M. E. Klein, and D. H. Lee, J. Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 9, 173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

L. S. Rothman, R. L. Hawkins, R. B. Wattson, and R. R. Gamache, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 537 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

R. A. Toth, Appl. Opt. 36, 5289 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1985 (1)

1981 (1)

Al-Tahtamouni, R.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barbe, A.

Becher, C.

K.-J. Boller, M. Scheidt, B. Beier, C. Becher, M. E. Klein, and D. H. Lee, J. Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 9, 173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Beier, B.

K.-J. Boller, M. Scheidt, B. Beier, C. Becher, M. E. Klein, and D. H. Lee, J. Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 9, 173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Scheidt, B. Beier, R. Knappe, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2087 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bencheikh, K.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K.-J.

M. E. Klein, D.-H. Lee, J.-P. Meyn, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, Opt. Lett. 24, 1142 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D.-H. Lee, M. E. Klein, and K.-J. Boller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 747 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K.-J. Boller, M. Scheidt, B. Beier, C. Becher, M. E. Klein, and D. H. Lee, J. Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 9, 173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Scheidt, B. Beier, R. Knappe, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2087 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brown, L. R.

Byer, R. L.

Camy-Peyret, C.

Demtröder, W.

W. Demtröder, Laser Spectroscopy (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993).

Dunn, M. H.

Eckardt, R. C.

Flaud, J.-M.

Gamache, R. R.

Gibson, G. M.

Goldman, A.

Hawkins, R. L.

L. S. Rothman, R. L. Hawkins, R. B. Wattson, and R. R. Gamache, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 537 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hecker, A.

F. Kühnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. S. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Herzberg, G.

G. Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure (Van Nostrand-Reinhold, New York, 1966).

Husson, N.

Klein, M. E.

M. E. Klein, D.-H. Lee, J.-P. Meyn, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, Opt. Lett. 24, 1142 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D.-H. Lee, M. E. Klein, and K.-J. Boller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 747 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K.-J. Boller, M. Scheidt, B. Beier, C. Becher, M. E. Klein, and D. H. Lee, J. Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 9, 173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Knappe, R.

Kühnemann, F.

F. Kühnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. S. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lang, M.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D. H.

K.-J. Boller, M. Scheidt, B. Beier, C. Becher, M. E. Klein, and D. H. Lee, J. Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 9, 173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D.-H.

Littman, M. G.

Liu, K.

Martis, A. A. S.

F. Kühnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. S. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McNicholl, P.

Metcalf, H. J.

Meyn, J.-P.

Mlynek, J.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Kühnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. S. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Padgett, M. J.

Pickett, H. M.

Poynter, R. L.

Rinsland, C. P.

Rothman, L. S.

Scheidt, M.

K.-J. Boller, M. Scheidt, B. Beier, C. Becher, M. E. Klein, and D. H. Lee, J. Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 9, 173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Scheidt, B. Beier, R. Knappe, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2087 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Schiller, S.

F. Kühnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. S. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, K.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Kühnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. S. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. A. H.

Storz, R.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Toth, R. A.

Urban, W.

F. Kühnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. S. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

Wattson, R. B.

L. S. Rothman, R. L. Hawkins, R. B. Wattson, and R. R. Gamache, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 537 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S. T.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

F. Kühnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. S. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 733 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D.-H. Lee, M. E. Klein, and K.-J. Boller, Appl. Phys. B 66, 747 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (1)

L. S. Rothman, R. L. Hawkins, R. B. Wattson, and R. R. Gamache, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 48, 537 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Quantum Semiclass. Opt. (1)

K.-J. Boller, M. Scheidt, B. Beier, C. Becher, M. E. Klein, and D. H. Lee, J. Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 9, 173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (3)

G. Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure (Van Nostrand-Reinhold, New York, 1966).

W. Demtröder, Laser Spectroscopy (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993).

To our knowledge, the self-broadening coefficient of N2O is not available from HITRAN data for the given transition. From Refs. 1 and 14, however, we estimate it to be approximately a factor of 1.3 larger than the air-broadening coefficient.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the SRO pumped by a continuously tunable-diode MOPA system (for details, see text).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Frequency tuning of the 2.142-nm idler wave analyzed by two different FPI’s: A, FPI 1 with a FSR of 2.5 GHz and a finesse of 2; B, FPI 2 with a FSR of 12.1 GHz and a finesse of 4. C, The variation of the generated idler power with frequency.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Absorption profile of a rovibrational transition of N2O, measured by recording of the transmission of the 2.120µm idler radiation through a 20-cm-long cell filled with 50 mbars of N2O.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Upper trace, absorption of the idler radiation by three adjacent R transitions of N2O recorded with the diode-tuned SRO in a single, continuous scan of the idler frequency. Lower trace, tuning of the frequency calibrated by measurement of the transmission through a FPI (FSR, 2.5 GHz; F=2).

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