Abstract

We report on space-selective growth of a second-harmonic-generation βBaB2O4 (BBO) crystal inside a BaOAl2O3B2O3 glass sample at the focal point of an 800-nm femtosecond laser beam. A spherical heated region was formed during the focused laser irradiation through observation with an optical microscope. We moved the heated region by changing the position of the focal point of the laser beam relative to the glass sample. We grew BBO crystal continuously in the glass sample by adjusting the moving speed of the heated zone. Our results demonstrate that functional crystals can be formed three dimensionally in glasses by use of a nonresonant ultrashort pulsed laser.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. M. P. Felker and A. Zewail, J. Phys. Chem. 91, 754 (1987).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

1999

J. Qiu, K. Miura, T. Suzuki, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 10 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Kojima, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 24, 786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

J. Qiu, K. Miura, H. Inouye, Y. Kondo, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1763 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ding, Y. Miura, and A. Osaka, J. Mater. Res. 11, 495 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987

M. P. Felker and A. Zewail, J. Phys. Chem. 91, 754 (1987).

1985

C. T. Chen, B. C. Wu, A. D. Jiang, and G. M. You, Sci. Sin. Ser. B (English ed.)  28, 235 (1985).

1984

F. M. Peter and H. A. Zewail, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 501 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Callan, J. P.

Chen, C. T.

C. T. Chen, B. C. Wu, A. D. Jiang, and G. M. You, Sci. Sin. Ser. B (English ed.)  28, 235 (1985).

Davis, K. M.

Ding, Y.

Y. Ding, Y. Miura, and A. Osaka, J. Mater. Res. 11, 495 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Felker, M. P.

M. P. Felker and A. Zewail, J. Phys. Chem. 91, 754 (1987).

Finlay, R. J.

Glezer, E. N.

Her, T.-H.

Hirao, K.

J. Qiu, K. Kojima, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 24, 786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Miura, T. Suzuki, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 10 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Miura, H. Inouye, Y. Kondo, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1763 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, L.

Inouye, H.

J. Qiu, K. Miura, H. Inouye, Y. Kondo, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1763 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, A. D.

C. T. Chen, B. C. Wu, A. D. Jiang, and G. M. You, Sci. Sin. Ser. B (English ed.)  28, 235 (1985).

Kojima, K.

Kondo, Y.

J. Qiu, K. Miura, H. Inouye, Y. Kondo, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1763 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

Milosavljevic, M.

Mitsuyu, T.

J. Qiu, K. Kojima, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 24, 786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Miura, T. Suzuki, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 10 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Miura, H. Inouye, Y. Kondo, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1763 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

J. Qiu, K. Kojima, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 24, 786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Miura, T. Suzuki, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 10 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Miura, H. Inouye, Y. Kondo, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1763 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miura, Y.

Y. Ding, Y. Miura, and A. Osaka, J. Mater. Res. 11, 495 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Osaka, A.

Y. Ding, Y. Miura, and A. Osaka, J. Mater. Res. 11, 495 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peter, F. M.

F. M. Peter and H. A. Zewail, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 501 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

J. Qiu, K. Kojima, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 24, 786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Miura, T. Suzuki, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 10 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Miura, H. Inouye, Y. Kondo, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1763 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchik, A. M.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shore, B. W.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sugimoto, N.

Suzuki, T.

J. Qiu, K. Miura, T. Suzuki, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 10 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B. C.

C. T. Chen, B. C. Wu, A. D. Jiang, and G. M. You, Sci. Sin. Ser. B (English ed.)  28, 235 (1985).

You, G. M.

C. T. Chen, B. C. Wu, A. D. Jiang, and G. M. You, Sci. Sin. Ser. B (English ed.)  28, 235 (1985).

Zewail, A.

M. P. Felker and A. Zewail, J. Phys. Chem. 91, 754 (1987).

Zewail, H. A.

F. M. Peter and H. A. Zewail, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 501 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Miura, T. Suzuki, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 10 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Miura, H. Inouye, Y. Kondo, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1763 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Res.

Y. Ding, Y. Miura, and A. Osaka, J. Mater. Res. 11, 495 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem.

M. P. Felker and A. Zewail, J. Phys. Chem. 91, 754 (1987).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. M. Peter and H. A. Zewail, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 501 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Sin. Ser. B

C. T. Chen, B. C. Wu, A. D. Jiang, and G. M. You, Sci. Sin. Ser. B (English ed.)  28, 235 (1985).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Microscopic photographs taken near the focal point (a) immediately after focused irradiation and (b) 20 min and (c) 30 min after irradiation. The wavelength, average power, and pulse width of the laser were 800 nm, 600 mW, and 130 fs, respectively, at 200 kHz.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

X-ray diffraction pattern for crystals created by the irradiation of focused laser beam with a 50× microscope objective, an average power 800 mW, and an irradiation time of 40 min.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Variation of emission spectra obtained from the laser focal point that accompanies growth of frequency-conversion crystals for various irradiation times. The wavelength, average power, and pulse width of the irradiation laser were 800 nm, 450 mW, and 130 fs, respectively, at 200 kHz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Polarized microscopic photographs taken in (a) extinction and (b) diagonal positions and (c) a cross-sectional view of the crystals. The moving speeds of the heated zones in regions A and B were 100 and 10 µm/s, respectively.

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