Abstract

An improvement on the simplified theory of all-optical poling [Chem. Phys. Lett. 286, 415 (1998)] is proposed. In this improvement the influence of the cis isomer is taken into account in the process of photoinduced molecular polar alignment. An analytical expression for the induced polar order in the steady-state regime is derived. This expression shows that, although the contribution to the photoinduced second-order susceptibility from the cis state itself can be neglected, the population of the cis state plays an important role. This result suggests the possibility that one can improve the induced polar order by increasing the poling temperature, so that thermal-assisted optical poling can be explained.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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1999 (2)

G. Xu, Q. G. Yang, J. Si, X. Liu, P. Ye, Z. Li, and Y. Shen, Opt. Commun. 159, 88 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Xu, J. Si, X. Liu, Q. G. Yang, and P. Ye, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 681 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

C. Fiorini and J.-M. Nunzi, Chem. Phys. Lett. 286, 415 (1998).

J. Si, T. Mitsuyu, P. Ye, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 762 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Brasselet and J. Zyss, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 129 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

1996 (2)

W. Chalupczak, C. Fiorini, F. Charra, J.-M. Nunzi, and P. Raimond, Opt. Commun. 126, 103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sekkat, J. Wood, E. F. Aust, W. Knoll, W. Volksen, and R. D. Miller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1713 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1993 (2)

1992 (1)

Z. Sekkat and M. Dumont, Appl. Phys. B 54, 486 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Aust, E. F.

Brasselet, S.

S. Brasselet and J. Zyss, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 129 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Brasselet and J. Zyss, Opt. Lett. 22, 1464 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chalupczak, W.

W. Chalupczak, C. Fiorini, F. Charra, J.-M. Nunzi, and P. Raimond, Opt. Commun. 126, 103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Charra, F.

Dumont, M.

Z. Sekkat and M. Dumont, Synth. Metals 54, 373 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sekkat and M. Dumont, Appl. Phys. B 54, 486 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fiorini, C.

C. Fiorini and J.-M. Nunzi, Chem. Phys. Lett. 286, 415 (1998).

C. Fiorini, F. Charra, J.-M. Nunzi, and P. Raimond, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1984 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. Chalupczak, C. Fiorini, F. Charra, J.-M. Nunzi, and P. Raimond, Opt. Commun. 126, 103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

J. Si, T. Mitsuyu, P. Ye, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 762 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Idiart, E.

Kajzar, F.

Knoll, W.

Li, Z.

G. Xu, Q. G. Yang, J. Si, X. Liu, P. Ye, Z. Li, and Y. Shen, Opt. Commun. 159, 88 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

G. Xu, Q. G. Yang, J. Si, X. Liu, P. Ye, Z. Li, and Y. Shen, Opt. Commun. 159, 88 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Xu, J. Si, X. Liu, Q. G. Yang, and P. Ye, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 681 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miller, R. D.

Mitsuyu, T.

J. Si, T. Mitsuyu, P. Ye, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 762 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nunzi, J.-M.

C. Fiorini and J.-M. Nunzi, Chem. Phys. Lett. 286, 415 (1998).

C. Fiorini, F. Charra, J.-M. Nunzi, and P. Raimond, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1984 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. Chalupczak, C. Fiorini, F. Charra, J.-M. Nunzi, and P. Raimond, Opt. Commun. 126, 103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Charra, F. Kajzar, J.-M. Nunzi, P. Raimond, and E. Idiart, Opt. Lett. 18, 941 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raimond, P.

Sekkat, Z.

Shen, Y.

G. Xu, Q. G. Yang, J. Si, X. Liu, P. Ye, Z. Li, and Y. Shen, Opt. Commun. 159, 88 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, T. Mitsuyu, P. Ye, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 762 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Si, J.

G. Xu, Q. G. Yang, J. Si, X. Liu, P. Ye, Z. Li, and Y. Shen, Opt. Commun. 159, 88 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Xu, J. Si, X. Liu, Q. G. Yang, and P. Ye, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 681 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, T. Mitsuyu, P. Ye, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 762 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Volksen, W.

Wood, J.

Xu, G.

G. Xu, Q. G. Yang, J. Si, X. Liu, P. Ye, Z. Li, and Y. Shen, Opt. Commun. 159, 88 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Xu, J. Si, X. Liu, Q. G. Yang, and P. Ye, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 681 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q. G.

G. Xu, J. Si, X. Liu, Q. G. Yang, and P. Ye, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 681 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Xu, Q. G. Yang, J. Si, X. Liu, P. Ye, Z. Li, and Y. Shen, Opt. Commun. 159, 88 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ye, P.

G. Xu, Q. G. Yang, J. Si, X. Liu, P. Ye, Z. Li, and Y. Shen, Opt. Commun. 159, 88 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Xu, J. Si, X. Liu, Q. G. Yang, and P. Ye, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 681 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, T. Mitsuyu, P. Ye, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 762 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zyss, J.

S. Brasselet and J. Zyss, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 129 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Brasselet and J. Zyss, Opt. Lett. 22, 1464 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Z. Sekkat and M. Dumont, Appl. Phys. B 54, 486 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Si, T. Mitsuyu, P. Ye, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 762 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Fiorini and J.-M. Nunzi, Chem. Phys. Lett. 286, 415 (1998).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. Xu, J. Si, X. Liu, Q. G. Yang, and P. Ye, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 681 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Commun. (2)

W. Chalupczak, C. Fiorini, F. Charra, J.-M. Nunzi, and P. Raimond, Opt. Commun. 126, 103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. Xu, Q. G. Yang, J. Si, X. Liu, P. Ye, Z. Li, and Y. Shen, Opt. Commun. 159, 88 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

S. Brasselet and J. Zyss, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 129 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Synth. Metals (1)

Z. Sekkat and M. Dumont, Synth. Metals 54, 373 (1993).
[CrossRef]

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Equations (19)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

dntΩdt=-ξIθntΩ+1τcPΩΩncΩdΩ-Dt2ntΩ,
dncΩdt=-1τcncΩ+ξQΩΩIθntΩdΩ-Dc2ncΩ.
ntΩdΩ=Nt,  ncΩdΩ=Nc,  Nt+NC=N,  PΩΩdΩ=QΩΩdΩ=1,
Iθ=I1 cos2 θ+I2 cos4 θ+I3 cos3 θ,
I1μ012E2ω2,  I2μ012Δμ22ω2Eω4,  I3μ012ΔμωEω2E2ω* cosΔΨ+Δkz.
nyΩ=nyθ=12πj=02j+12YjLjcos θ,  Y=T,C;  y=t,c,
Yj=0πnyθLjcos θsin θdθ,  Y=T,C;  y=t,c.
RΩΩ=Rα=12πj=02j+12RjLjcos α,  R=P,Q,
χxxx2=ΩNΩβxxxdΩ,
χxxx2=βxxx035T1+25T3.
dT1dt=35ξI1+37ξI2+2DtT1+γP1C1-15I3ξT0,
dC1dt=Q135ξI1+37ξI2T1-γ+2DcC1+15I3ξQ1T0,
dT0dt=-ξ13I1+15I2T0+γC0,
ddtT0+C0=0,
χsat23β50T1γ¯1-P1Q1+2D¯c36γ¯1-P1Q1+70D¯tγ¯+2D¯c+72D¯cT0,
T0=15N15+8/γ¯,
χsat21536+70D¯t15+8/γ¯.
χ2t=A exp-t/τA+B exp-t/τB,
A+B=χsat2,  τA=γ+2Dc-1,  τB=2Dt-1.

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