Abstract

A planar light waveguide–type optical amplifier was designed and fabricated. A core layer of Er–Al-codoped SiO2 glass was deposited onto a silica cladding layer by rf sputtering. In the Er-doped core layer the average Er and Al concentrations were 0.77 and 11.37 wt. %, respectively. We achieved 5 dB of gain with 20 mW of 980-nm pump power by using -20 dBm of 1546-nm input signal power.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Shmulovitch, Y. H. Wong, G. Nykolak, P. C. Becker, R. Adar, A. J. Bruce, D. J. Muehlner, G. Adams, and M. Fishteyn, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-3.
  2. P. Myslinski, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 172–173.
  3. T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, Electron. Lett. 28, 334 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Smulovitch, presented at the Photonics West Conference, February 14–17, 1997, San Jose, Calif.
  5. H. J. Van Werden, T. H. Hoekstra, P. V. Lambeck, and Th. J. A. Popma, presented at the 1997 European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO ’97), April 2–4, 1997, Stockhom, Sweden.
  6. D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint Andre, G. Clauss, M. Trollian, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. van der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koneen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, Electron. Lett. 32, 321 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Kitagawa, K. Hattory, K. Shuto, M. Oguma, J. Temmyo, S. Suzuki, and M. Horiguchi, presented at the 1993 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC ’93), September 12–16, 1993, Montreux, Switzerland.
  9. K. Shuto, K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, and M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 29, 139 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. N. van der Hoven, R. J. I. M. Koper, A. Polman, C. van Dam, J. W. M. van Uffeln, and M. K. Smit, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1886 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (1)

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint Andre, G. Clauss, M. Trollian, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. van der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koneen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, Electron. Lett. 32, 321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. N. van der Hoven, R. J. I. M. Koper, A. Polman, C. van Dam, J. W. M. van Uffeln, and M. K. Smit, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1886 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

K. Shuto, K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, and M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 29, 139 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, Electron. Lett. 28, 334 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Adams, G.

J. Shmulovitch, Y. H. Wong, G. Nykolak, P. C. Becker, R. Adar, A. J. Bruce, D. J. Muehlner, G. Adams, and M. Fishteyn, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-3.

Adar, R.

J. Shmulovitch, Y. H. Wong, G. Nykolak, P. C. Becker, R. Adar, A. J. Bruce, D. J. Muehlner, G. Adams, and M. Fishteyn, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-3.

Barbier, D.

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint Andre, G. Clauss, M. Trollian, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Becker, P. C.

J. Shmulovitch, Y. H. Wong, G. Nykolak, P. C. Becker, R. Adar, A. J. Bruce, D. J. Muehlner, G. Adams, and M. Fishteyn, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-3.

Beguin, A.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. van der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koneen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, Electron. Lett. 32, 321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bruce, A. J.

J. Shmulovitch, Y. H. Wong, G. Nykolak, P. C. Becker, R. Adar, A. J. Bruce, D. J. Muehlner, G. Adams, and M. Fishteyn, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-3.

Camy, P.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. van der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koneen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, Electron. Lett. 32, 321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chrostowski, J.

P. Myslinski, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 172–173.

Clauss, G.

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint Andre, G. Clauss, M. Trollian, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Delavaux, J. M. P.

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint Andre, G. Clauss, M. Trollian, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fishteyn, M.

J. Shmulovitch, Y. H. Wong, G. Nykolak, P. C. Becker, R. Adar, A. J. Bruce, D. J. Muehlner, G. Adams, and M. Fishteyn, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-3.

Hattori, K.

K. Shuto, K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, and M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 29, 139 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, Electron. Lett. 28, 334 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hattory, K.

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattory, K. Shuto, M. Oguma, J. Temmyo, S. Suzuki, and M. Horiguchi, presented at the 1993 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC ’93), September 12–16, 1993, Montreux, Switzerland.

Hempstead, M.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. van der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koneen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, Electron. Lett. 32, 321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hoekstra, T. H.

H. J. Van Werden, T. H. Hoekstra, P. V. Lambeck, and Th. J. A. Popma, presented at the 1997 European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO ’97), April 2–4, 1997, Stockhom, Sweden.

Horiguchi, M.

K. Shuto, K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, and M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 29, 139 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattory, K. Shuto, M. Oguma, J. Temmyo, S. Suzuki, and M. Horiguchi, presented at the 1993 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC ’93), September 12–16, 1993, Montreux, Switzerland.

Kevorkian, A.

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint Andre, G. Clauss, M. Trollian, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kitagawa, T.

K. Shuto, K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, and M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 29, 139 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, Electron. Lett. 28, 334 (1991).
[CrossRef]

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattory, K. Shuto, M. Oguma, J. Temmyo, S. Suzuki, and M. Horiguchi, presented at the 1993 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC ’93), September 12–16, 1993, Montreux, Switzerland.

Kobayashi, M.

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, Electron. Lett. 28, 334 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Koneen, A. M. J.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. van der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koneen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, Electron. Lett. 32, 321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Koper, R. J. I. M.

G. N. van der Hoven, R. J. I. M. Koper, A. Polman, C. van Dam, J. W. M. van Uffeln, and M. K. Smit, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1886 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lambeck, P. V.

H. J. Van Werden, T. H. Hoekstra, P. V. Lambeck, and Th. J. A. Popma, presented at the 1997 European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO ’97), April 2–4, 1997, Stockhom, Sweden.

Lerminiaux, C.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. van der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koneen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, Electron. Lett. 32, 321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Muehlner, D. J.

J. Shmulovitch, Y. H. Wong, G. Nykolak, P. C. Becker, R. Adar, A. J. Bruce, D. J. Muehlner, G. Adams, and M. Fishteyn, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-3.

Murphy, E.

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint Andre, G. Clauss, M. Trollian, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Myslinski, P.

P. Myslinski, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 172–173.

Nguyen, D.

P. Myslinski, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 172–173.

Nykolak, G.

J. Shmulovitch, Y. H. Wong, G. Nykolak, P. C. Becker, R. Adar, A. J. Bruce, D. J. Muehlner, G. Adams, and M. Fishteyn, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-3.

Oguma, M.

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattory, K. Shuto, M. Oguma, J. Temmyo, S. Suzuki, and M. Horiguchi, presented at the 1993 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC ’93), September 12–16, 1993, Montreux, Switzerland.

Ohmori, Y.

K. Shuto, K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, and M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 29, 139 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, Electron. Lett. 28, 334 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

G. N. van der Hoven, R. J. I. M. Koper, A. Polman, C. van Dam, J. W. M. van Uffeln, and M. K. Smit, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1886 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Popma, Th. J. A.

H. J. Van Werden, T. H. Hoekstra, P. V. Lambeck, and Th. J. A. Popma, presented at the 1997 European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO ’97), April 2–4, 1997, Stockhom, Sweden.

Prel, C.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. van der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koneen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, Electron. Lett. 32, 321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rattay, M.

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint Andre, G. Clauss, M. Trollian, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Roman, J. E.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. van der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koneen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, Electron. Lett. 32, 321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Saint Andre, F.

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint Andre, G. Clauss, M. Trollian, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, M.

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, Electron. Lett. 28, 334 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shmulovitch, J.

J. Shmulovitch, Y. H. Wong, G. Nykolak, P. C. Becker, R. Adar, A. J. Bruce, D. J. Muehlner, G. Adams, and M. Fishteyn, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-3.

Shuto, K.

K. Shuto, K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, and M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 29, 139 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattory, K. Shuto, M. Oguma, J. Temmyo, S. Suzuki, and M. Horiguchi, presented at the 1993 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC ’93), September 12–16, 1993, Montreux, Switzerland.

Smit, M. K.

G. N. van der Hoven, R. J. I. M. Koper, A. Polman, C. van Dam, J. W. M. van Uffeln, and M. K. Smit, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1886 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smulovitch, J.

J. Smulovitch, presented at the Photonics West Conference, February 14–17, 1997, San Jose, Calif.

Suzuki, S.

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattory, K. Shuto, M. Oguma, J. Temmyo, S. Suzuki, and M. Horiguchi, presented at the 1993 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC ’93), September 12–16, 1993, Montreux, Switzerland.

Temmyo, J.

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattory, K. Shuto, M. Oguma, J. Temmyo, S. Suzuki, and M. Horiguchi, presented at the 1993 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC ’93), September 12–16, 1993, Montreux, Switzerland.

Trollian, M.

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint Andre, G. Clauss, M. Trollian, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

van Dam, C.

G. N. van der Hoven, R. J. I. M. Koper, A. Polman, C. van Dam, J. W. M. van Uffeln, and M. K. Smit, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1886 (1996).
[CrossRef]

van der Hoven, G. N.

G. N. van der Hoven, R. J. I. M. Koper, A. Polman, C. van Dam, J. W. M. van Uffeln, and M. K. Smit, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1886 (1996).
[CrossRef]

van der Plaats, J. C.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. van der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koneen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, Electron. Lett. 32, 321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

van Uffeln, J. W. M.

G. N. van der Hoven, R. J. I. M. Koper, A. Polman, C. van Dam, J. W. M. van Uffeln, and M. K. Smit, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1886 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Van Werden, H. J.

H. J. Van Werden, T. H. Hoekstra, P. V. Lambeck, and Th. J. A. Popma, presented at the 1997 European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO ’97), April 2–4, 1997, Stockhom, Sweden.

Wilkinson, J. S.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. van der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koneen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, Electron. Lett. 32, 321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Willems, F. W.

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. van der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koneen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, Electron. Lett. 32, 321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wong, Y. H.

J. Shmulovitch, Y. H. Wong, G. Nykolak, P. C. Becker, R. Adar, A. J. Bruce, D. J. Muehlner, G. Adams, and M. Fishteyn, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-3.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. N. van der Hoven, R. J. I. M. Koper, A. Polman, C. van Dam, J. W. M. van Uffeln, and M. K. Smit, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1886 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, M. Shimizu, Y. Ohmori, and M. Kobayashi, Electron. Lett. 28, 334 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. Camy, J. E. Roman, F. W. Willems, M. Hempstead, J. C. van der Plaats, C. Prel, A. Beguin, A. M. J. Koneen, J. S. Wilkinson, and C. Lerminiaux, Electron. Lett. 32, 321 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Shuto, K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, and M. Horiguchi, Electron. Lett. 29, 139 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. Barbier, M. Rattay, F. Saint Andre, G. Clauss, M. Trollian, A. Kevorkian, J. M. P. Delavaux, and E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattory, K. Shuto, M. Oguma, J. Temmyo, S. Suzuki, and M. Horiguchi, presented at the 1993 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC ’93), September 12–16, 1993, Montreux, Switzerland.

J. Smulovitch, presented at the Photonics West Conference, February 14–17, 1997, San Jose, Calif.

H. J. Van Werden, T. H. Hoekstra, P. V. Lambeck, and Th. J. A. Popma, presented at the 1997 European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO ’97), April 2–4, 1997, Stockhom, Sweden.

J. Shmulovitch, Y. H. Wong, G. Nykolak, P. C. Becker, R. Adar, A. J. Bruce, D. J. Muehlner, G. Adams, and M. Fishteyn, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD-3.

P. Myslinski, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 172–173.

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