Abstract

We present time-domain transmission imaging of an opaque structure in pork-fat tissue obtained with a terahertz (THz) field sampling technique. Compared with imaging with near-infrared pulses, the terahertz sampling technique shows significantly enhanced contrast, as a result of low scattering. For enhanced spatial resolution, we show mid-infrared THz imaging of onion cells. Water absorption of THz pulse in muscle tissues is discussed.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. Wang, P. P. Ho, C. Liu, G. Zhang, and R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. B. B. Hu and M. C. Nuss, Opt. Lett. 20, 1716 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. M. Yoo, Q. Xing, and R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 16, 1019 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. This value is much higher than the attenuation rate of 17 cm-1 obtained in Ref. 7 because we collected forward-scattered photons during a 10-ps period of coherent photons as in Ref. 7.
  7. B. B. Das, K. M. Yoo, and R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 18, 1092 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. Berne and R. Pecora, Dynamic Light Scattering (Wiley, New York, 1976), p. 24.
  9. P. Y. Han and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3049 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Hunsche, M. Koch, I. Brener, and M. C. Nuss, Opt. Commun. 150, 22 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. M. Zolotarev, B. A. Mikhailov, L. I. Alperovich, and S. I. Popov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 27, 430 (1969).

1998

P. Y. Han and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3049 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Hunsche, M. Koch, I. Brener, and M. C. Nuss, Opt. Commun. 150, 22 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

1993

1991

K. M. Yoo, Q. Xing, and R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 16, 1019 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, C. Liu, G. Zhang, and R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1969

V. M. Zolotarev, B. A. Mikhailov, L. I. Alperovich, and S. I. Popov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 27, 430 (1969).

Alfano, R. R.

Alperovich, L. I.

V. M. Zolotarev, B. A. Mikhailov, L. I. Alperovich, and S. I. Popov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 27, 430 (1969).

Berne, B.

B. Berne and R. Pecora, Dynamic Light Scattering (Wiley, New York, 1976), p. 24.

Brener, I.

S. Hunsche, M. Koch, I. Brener, and M. C. Nuss, Opt. Commun. 150, 22 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Das, B. B.

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, P. Y.

P. Y. Han and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3049 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ho, P. P.

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, C. Liu, G. Zhang, and R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, B. B.

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hunsche, S.

S. Hunsche, M. Koch, I. Brener, and M. C. Nuss, Opt. Commun. 150, 22 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jacobsen, R. H.

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Koch, M.

S. Hunsche, M. Koch, I. Brener, and M. C. Nuss, Opt. Commun. 150, 22 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, C.

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, C. Liu, G. Zhang, and R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mikhailov, B. A.

V. M. Zolotarev, B. A. Mikhailov, L. I. Alperovich, and S. I. Popov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 27, 430 (1969).

Mittleman, D. M.

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nuss, M. C.

S. Hunsche, M. Koch, I. Brener, and M. C. Nuss, Opt. Commun. 150, 22 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. B. Hu and M. C. Nuss, Opt. Lett. 20, 1716 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pecora, R.

B. Berne and R. Pecora, Dynamic Light Scattering (Wiley, New York, 1976), p. 24.

Popov, S. I.

V. M. Zolotarev, B. A. Mikhailov, L. I. Alperovich, and S. I. Popov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 27, 430 (1969).

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuman, J.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stinson, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swanson, E. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L.

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, C. Liu, G. Zhang, and R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xing, Q.

Yoo, K. M.

Zhang, G.

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, C. Liu, G. Zhang, and R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.-C.

P. Y. Han and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3049 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zolotarev, V. M.

V. M. Zolotarev, B. A. Mikhailov, L. I. Alperovich, and S. I. Popov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 27, 430 (1969).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

P. Y. Han and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3049 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

S. Hunsche, M. Koch, I. Brener, and M. C. Nuss, Opt. Commun. 150, 22 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR)

V. M. Zolotarev, B. A. Mikhailov, L. I. Alperovich, and S. I. Popov, Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 27, 430 (1969).

Science

L. Wang, P. P. Ho, C. Liu, G. Zhang, and R. R. Alfano, Science 253, 769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

This value is much higher than the attenuation rate of 17 cm-1 obtained in Ref. 7 because we collected forward-scattered photons during a 10-ps period of coherent photons as in Ref. 7.

B. Berne and R. Pecora, Dynamic Light Scattering (Wiley, New York, 1976), p. 24.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic experimental setup for THz imaging.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

THz waveforms with (solid curve) and without (dotted curve) pork-fat tissue in the beam path.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) THz image of the letter Z embedded in 1.5-mm pork-fat tissue, (b) optical time-gated image of the same sample.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Two-dimensional mid-IR field countour through an array of holes, (b) mid-IR image of onion cells.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Attenuation coefficient of pork-muscle tissue.

Metrics