Abstract

Harmonically mode-locked Er-fiber soliton lasers have become a reliable source of high-repetition-rate picosecond pulses in high-speed communications and photonic analog-to-digital conversion systems because of their low-noise, dropout-free operation. We have fabricated such a laser with a strongly dispersion-managed cavity and modeled its operation, and we have found that dispersion management significantly extends the power range over which uninterrupted single-pulse production is attained and dramatically decreases the effects of amplified spontaneous emission on the phase noise of the laser.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. F. Carruthers and I. N. Duling, Opt. Lett. 21, 1927 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. F. Carruthers, M. L. Dennis, I. N. Duling, M. Horowitz, and C. R. Menyuk, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 101.
  3. T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, I. N. Duling, and P. J. Matthews, Electron. Lett. 35, 720 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Bakhshi, P. A. Andrekson, and X. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 34, 884 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. D. Ellis, R. J. Manning, I. D. Phillips, and D. Nesset, Electron. Lett. 35, 645 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Horowitz, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, and I. N. Duling, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 102.
  7. H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 323 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. A. Haus, D. Cleland, and A. Ellis, Electron. Lett. 28, 182 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. J. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 54 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. S. Grigoryan, T. Yu, E. A. Golovchenko, C. R. Menyuk, and A. N. Pilipetskii, Opt. Lett. 22, 1609 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. Forysiak, K. J. Blow, and N. J. Doran, Electron. Lett. 29, 1225 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, Electron. Lett. 32, 461 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Horowitz, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, and I. N. Duling, “Theoretical and experimental study of harmonically modelocked fiber lasers for optical communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

1999 (2)

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, I. N. Duling, and P. J. Matthews, Electron. Lett. 35, 720 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Ellis, R. J. Manning, I. D. Phillips, and D. Nesset, Electron. Lett. 35, 645 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

B. Bakhshi, P. A. Andrekson, and X. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 34, 884 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (3)

T. F. Carruthers and I. N. Duling, Opt. Lett. 21, 1927 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. J. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 54 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, Electron. Lett. 32, 461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
[CrossRef]

W. Forysiak, K. J. Blow, and N. J. Doran, Electron. Lett. 29, 1225 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

H. A. Haus, D. Cleland, and A. Ellis, Electron. Lett. 28, 182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 323 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

B. Bakhshi, P. A. Andrekson, and X. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 34, 884 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bakhshi, B.

B. Bakhshi, P. A. Andrekson, and X. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 34, 884 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

N. J. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 54 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

N. J. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 54 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. Forysiak, K. J. Blow, and N. J. Doran, Electron. Lett. 29, 1225 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Carruthers, T. F.

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, I. N. Duling, and P. J. Matthews, Electron. Lett. 35, 720 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Carruthers and I. N. Duling, Opt. Lett. 21, 1927 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Horowitz, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, and I. N. Duling, “Theoretical and experimental study of harmonically modelocked fiber lasers for optical communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

M. Horowitz, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, and I. N. Duling, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 102.

T. F. Carruthers, M. L. Dennis, I. N. Duling, M. Horowitz, and C. R. Menyuk, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 101.

Clark, T. R.

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, I. N. Duling, and P. J. Matthews, Electron. Lett. 35, 720 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cleland, D.

H. A. Haus, D. Cleland, and A. Ellis, Electron. Lett. 28, 182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dennis, M. L.

T. F. Carruthers, M. L. Dennis, I. N. Duling, M. Horowitz, and C. R. Menyuk, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 101.

Doran, N. J.

N. J. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 54 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. Forysiak, K. J. Blow, and N. J. Doran, Electron. Lett. 29, 1225 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Duling, I. N.

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, I. N. Duling, and P. J. Matthews, Electron. Lett. 35, 720 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Carruthers and I. N. Duling, Opt. Lett. 21, 1927 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Horowitz, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, and I. N. Duling, “Theoretical and experimental study of harmonically modelocked fiber lasers for optical communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

M. Horowitz, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, and I. N. Duling, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 102.

T. F. Carruthers, M. L. Dennis, I. N. Duling, M. Horowitz, and C. R. Menyuk, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 101.

Ellis, A.

H. A. Haus, D. Cleland, and A. Ellis, Electron. Lett. 28, 182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, A. D.

A. D. Ellis, R. J. Manning, I. D. Phillips, and D. Nesset, Electron. Lett. 35, 645 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Forysiak, W.

W. Forysiak, K. J. Blow, and N. J. Doran, Electron. Lett. 29, 1225 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Golovchenko, E. A.

Grigoryan, V. S.

Haus, H. A.

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, D. Cleland, and A. Ellis, Electron. Lett. 28, 182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 323 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Horowitz, M.

M. Horowitz, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, and I. N. Duling, “Theoretical and experimental study of harmonically modelocked fiber lasers for optical communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

T. F. Carruthers, M. L. Dennis, I. N. Duling, M. Horowitz, and C. R. Menyuk, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 101.

M. Horowitz, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, and I. N. Duling, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 102.

Ippen, E. P.

Knox, F. M.

N. J. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 54 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Manning, R. J.

A. D. Ellis, R. J. Manning, I. D. Phillips, and D. Nesset, Electron. Lett. 35, 645 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Matthews, P. J.

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, I. N. Duling, and P. J. Matthews, Electron. Lett. 35, 720 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

V. S. Grigoryan, T. Yu, E. A. Golovchenko, C. R. Menyuk, and A. N. Pilipetskii, Opt. Lett. 22, 1609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Horowitz, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, and I. N. Duling, “Theoretical and experimental study of harmonically modelocked fiber lasers for optical communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

M. Horowitz, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, and I. N. Duling, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 102.

T. F. Carruthers, M. L. Dennis, I. N. Duling, M. Horowitz, and C. R. Menyuk, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 101.

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, Electron. Lett. 32, 461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

Nesset, D.

A. D. Ellis, R. J. Manning, I. D. Phillips, and D. Nesset, Electron. Lett. 35, 645 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, I. D.

A. D. Ellis, R. J. Manning, I. D. Phillips, and D. Nesset, Electron. Lett. 35, 645 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pilipetskii, A. N.

Smith, N. J.

N. J. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 54 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, Electron. Lett. 32, 461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, E.

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, Electron. Lett. 32, 461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yu, T.

Zhang, X.

B. Bakhshi, P. A. Andrekson, and X. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 34, 884 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (7)

H. A. Haus, D. Cleland, and A. Ellis, Electron. Lett. 28, 182 (1992).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 32, 54 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. Forysiak, K. J. Blow, and N. J. Doran, Electron. Lett. 29, 1225 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, Electron. Lett. 32, 461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, I. N. Duling, and P. J. Matthews, Electron. Lett. 35, 720 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Bakhshi, P. A. Andrekson, and X. Zhang, Electron. Lett. 34, 884 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Ellis, R. J. Manning, I. D. Phillips, and D. Nesset, Electron. Lett. 35, 645 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 323 (1975).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Horowitz, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, and I. N. Duling, “Theoretical and experimental study of harmonically modelocked fiber lasers for optical communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

T. F. Carruthers, M. L. Dennis, I. N. Duling, M. Horowitz, and C. R. Menyuk, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 101.

M. Horowitz, C. R. Menyuk, T. F. Carruthers, and I. N. Duling, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 102.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Actively mode-locked soliton sigma laser: EFA’s, Er-fiber amplifiers; DCF, dispersion-compensating fiber; PZT, piezoelectric transducer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Representative sampling oscilloscope density contour plots (left) and autocorrelation curves (right) of the pulses from the three observed regimes of operation. The pulses are labeled in the top left-hand corner by the regime into which they fall: The intracavity power Pcav is given in each box. Two sets of curves from the power extremes of regime 3 are shown.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse duration τ1/2 (circles) and the optical bandwidth Δλ (triangles) of the pulses generated by the laser as a function of intracavity optical power Pcav . The three observed regimes of operation are indicated. The positions of the four plots from Fig. 2 are indicated by the arrows.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulations of the pulse autocorrelation functions generated by the DM sigma laser (solid curve) and by a uniform-dispersion laser with a cavity dispersion of 2 ps/(nm km) (dashed curve). The experimental data are represented by the circles. The pulse duration is 1.4 ps and the intracavity power is 34 mW in all cases.

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