Abstract

We propose an optical configuration of a nontwist quarter-wave liquid-crystal cell for a high-contrast reflective display that can be applied to most nontwist display modes. By fabricating a homogeneous cell with the proposed configuration, we have demonstrated a high contrast ratio of 50:1 without using a wideband retardation film.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. Ogawa, S. Fujita, Y. Iwai, and H. Koseki, in SID ’98 Digest (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 1998), p. 217.
    [CrossRef]
  2. S.-T. Wu, C.-S. Wu, and C.-L. Kuo, J. Soc. Inf. Display 7, 119 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2716 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, S.-H. Moon, J.-D. Noh, S.-C. Kim, W. S. Park, T.-H. Yoon, J. C. Kim, S. H. Hong, and S. H. Lee, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L221 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. B. Meyer, L. Liebert, L. Strzelecki, and P. Keller, J. Phys. (Paris) Lett. 36, 169 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Yamada, N. Yamamoto, K. Mori, K. Nakamura, T. Hagiwara, Y. Suzuki, I. Kawamura, H. Orihara, and Y. Ishibashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1757 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S.-T. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 5975 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. J. Bos and J. A. Rahman, in SID ’93 Digest (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 1993), p. 273.
  10. E. Collett, Polarized Light: Fundamentals and Applications (Marcel Decker, New York, 1993).
  11. C.-L. Kuo, C.-L. Chen, D.-L. Ting, C.-K. Wei, Y.-H. Lu, B.-J. Liao, B.-D. Liu, C. W. Hao, and S.-T. Wu, SID J. 7, 109 (1999).

2000

G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2716 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, S.-H. Moon, J.-D. Noh, S.-C. Kim, W. S. Park, T.-H. Yoon, J. C. Kim, S. H. Hong, and S. H. Lee, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L221 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

S.-T. Wu, C.-S. Wu, and C.-L. Kuo, J. Soc. Inf. Display 7, 119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C.-L. Kuo, C.-L. Chen, D.-L. Ting, C.-K. Wei, Y.-H. Lu, B.-J. Liao, B.-D. Liu, C. W. Hao, and S.-T. Wu, SID J. 7, 109 (1999).

1995

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

S.-T. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 5975 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1990

Y. Yamada, N. Yamamoto, K. Mori, K. Nakamura, T. Hagiwara, Y. Suzuki, I. Kawamura, H. Orihara, and Y. Ishibashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1757 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1975

R. B. Meyer, L. Liebert, L. Strzelecki, and P. Keller, J. Phys. (Paris) Lett. 36, 169 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Bos, P. J.

P. J. Bos and J. A. Rahman, in SID ’93 Digest (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 1993), p. 273.

Chen, C.-L.

C.-L. Kuo, C.-L. Chen, D.-L. Ting, C.-K. Wei, Y.-H. Lu, B.-J. Liao, B.-D. Liu, C. W. Hao, and S.-T. Wu, SID J. 7, 109 (1999).

Collett, E.

E. Collett, Polarized Light: Fundamentals and Applications (Marcel Decker, New York, 1993).

Fujita, S.

T. Ogawa, S. Fujita, Y. Iwai, and H. Koseki, in SID ’98 Digest (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 1998), p. 217.
[CrossRef]

Hagiwara, T.

Y. Yamada, N. Yamamoto, K. Mori, K. Nakamura, T. Hagiwara, Y. Suzuki, I. Kawamura, H. Orihara, and Y. Ishibashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1757 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hao, C. W.

C.-L. Kuo, C.-L. Chen, D.-L. Ting, C.-K. Wei, Y.-H. Lu, B.-J. Liao, B.-D. Liu, C. W. Hao, and S.-T. Wu, SID J. 7, 109 (1999).

Hong, S. H.

G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, S.-H. Moon, J.-D. Noh, S.-C. Kim, W. S. Park, T.-H. Yoon, J. C. Kim, S. H. Hong, and S. H. Lee, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L221 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ishibashi, Y.

Y. Yamada, N. Yamamoto, K. Mori, K. Nakamura, T. Hagiwara, Y. Suzuki, I. Kawamura, H. Orihara, and Y. Ishibashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1757 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Iwai, Y.

T. Ogawa, S. Fujita, Y. Iwai, and H. Koseki, in SID ’98 Digest (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 1998), p. 217.
[CrossRef]

Kawamura, I.

Y. Yamada, N. Yamamoto, K. Mori, K. Nakamura, T. Hagiwara, Y. Suzuki, I. Kawamura, H. Orihara, and Y. Ishibashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1757 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Keller, P.

R. B. Meyer, L. Liebert, L. Strzelecki, and P. Keller, J. Phys. (Paris) Lett. 36, 169 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Kim, G.-H.

G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2716 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, S.-H. Moon, J.-D. Noh, S.-C. Kim, W. S. Park, T.-H. Yoon, J. C. Kim, S. H. Hong, and S. H. Lee, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L221 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. C.

G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2716 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, S.-H. Moon, J.-D. Noh, S.-C. Kim, W. S. Park, T.-H. Yoon, J. C. Kim, S. H. Hong, and S. H. Lee, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L221 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.-C.

G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, S.-H. Moon, J.-D. Noh, S.-C. Kim, W. S. Park, T.-H. Yoon, J. C. Kim, S. H. Hong, and S. H. Lee, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L221 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, K.

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Koseki, H.

T. Ogawa, S. Fujita, Y. Iwai, and H. Koseki, in SID ’98 Digest (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 1998), p. 217.
[CrossRef]

Kuo, C.-L.

S.-T. Wu, C.-S. Wu, and C.-L. Kuo, J. Soc. Inf. Display 7, 119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C.-L. Kuo, C.-L. Chen, D.-L. Ting, C.-K. Wei, Y.-H. Lu, B.-J. Liao, B.-D. Liu, C. W. Hao, and S.-T. Wu, SID J. 7, 109 (1999).

Lee, G.-D.

G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2716 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, S.-H. Moon, J.-D. Noh, S.-C. Kim, W. S. Park, T.-H. Yoon, J. C. Kim, S. H. Hong, and S. H. Lee, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L221 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, S.-H. Moon, J.-D. Noh, S.-C. Kim, W. S. Park, T.-H. Yoon, J. C. Kim, S. H. Hong, and S. H. Lee, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L221 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liao, B.-J.

C.-L. Kuo, C.-L. Chen, D.-L. Ting, C.-K. Wei, Y.-H. Lu, B.-J. Liao, B.-D. Liu, C. W. Hao, and S.-T. Wu, SID J. 7, 109 (1999).

Liebert, L.

R. B. Meyer, L. Liebert, L. Strzelecki, and P. Keller, J. Phys. (Paris) Lett. 36, 169 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Liu, B.-D.

C.-L. Kuo, C.-L. Chen, D.-L. Ting, C.-K. Wei, Y.-H. Lu, B.-J. Liao, B.-D. Liu, C. W. Hao, and S.-T. Wu, SID J. 7, 109 (1999).

Lu, Y.-H.

C.-L. Kuo, C.-L. Chen, D.-L. Ting, C.-K. Wei, Y.-H. Lu, B.-J. Liao, B.-D. Liu, C. W. Hao, and S.-T. Wu, SID J. 7, 109 (1999).

Meyer, R. B.

R. B. Meyer, L. Liebert, L. Strzelecki, and P. Keller, J. Phys. (Paris) Lett. 36, 169 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Moon, S.-H.

G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, S.-H. Moon, J.-D. Noh, S.-C. Kim, W. S. Park, T.-H. Yoon, J. C. Kim, S. H. Hong, and S. H. Lee, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L221 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mori, K.

Y. Yamada, N. Yamamoto, K. Mori, K. Nakamura, T. Hagiwara, Y. Suzuki, I. Kawamura, H. Orihara, and Y. Ishibashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1757 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, K.

Y. Yamada, N. Yamamoto, K. Mori, K. Nakamura, T. Hagiwara, Y. Suzuki, I. Kawamura, H. Orihara, and Y. Ishibashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1757 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Noh, J.-D.

G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, S.-H. Moon, J.-D. Noh, S.-C. Kim, W. S. Park, T.-H. Yoon, J. C. Kim, S. H. Hong, and S. H. Lee, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L221 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, T.

T. Ogawa, S. Fujita, Y. Iwai, and H. Koseki, in SID ’98 Digest (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 1998), p. 217.
[CrossRef]

Oh-e, M.

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Orihara, H.

Y. Yamada, N. Yamamoto, K. Mori, K. Nakamura, T. Hagiwara, Y. Suzuki, I. Kawamura, H. Orihara, and Y. Ishibashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1757 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Park, W. S.

G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, S.-H. Moon, J.-D. Noh, S.-C. Kim, W. S. Park, T.-H. Yoon, J. C. Kim, S. H. Hong, and S. H. Lee, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L221 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rahman, J. A.

P. J. Bos and J. A. Rahman, in SID ’93 Digest (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 1993), p. 273.

Strzelecki, L.

R. B. Meyer, L. Liebert, L. Strzelecki, and P. Keller, J. Phys. (Paris) Lett. 36, 169 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, Y.

Y. Yamada, N. Yamamoto, K. Mori, K. Nakamura, T. Hagiwara, Y. Suzuki, I. Kawamura, H. Orihara, and Y. Ishibashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1757 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ting, D.-L.

C.-L. Kuo, C.-L. Chen, D.-L. Ting, C.-K. Wei, Y.-H. Lu, B.-J. Liao, B.-D. Liu, C. W. Hao, and S.-T. Wu, SID J. 7, 109 (1999).

Wei, C.-K.

C.-L. Kuo, C.-L. Chen, D.-L. Ting, C.-K. Wei, Y.-H. Lu, B.-J. Liao, B.-D. Liu, C. W. Hao, and S.-T. Wu, SID J. 7, 109 (1999).

Wu, C.-S.

S.-T. Wu, C.-S. Wu, and C.-L. Kuo, J. Soc. Inf. Display 7, 119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.-T.

S.-T. Wu, C.-S. Wu, and C.-L. Kuo, J. Soc. Inf. Display 7, 119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C.-L. Kuo, C.-L. Chen, D.-L. Ting, C.-K. Wei, Y.-H. Lu, B.-J. Liao, B.-D. Liu, C. W. Hao, and S.-T. Wu, SID J. 7, 109 (1999).

S.-T. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 5975 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, Y.

Y. Yamada, N. Yamamoto, K. Mori, K. Nakamura, T. Hagiwara, Y. Suzuki, I. Kawamura, H. Orihara, and Y. Ishibashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1757 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, N.

Y. Yamada, N. Yamamoto, K. Mori, K. Nakamura, T. Hagiwara, Y. Suzuki, I. Kawamura, H. Orihara, and Y. Ishibashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1757 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, T.-H.

G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, S.-H. Moon, J.-D. Noh, S.-C. Kim, W. S. Park, T.-H. Yoon, J. C. Kim, S. H. Hong, and S. H. Lee, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L221 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2716 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

S.-T. Wu, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 5975 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. (Paris) Lett.

R. B. Meyer, L. Liebert, L. Strzelecki, and P. Keller, J. Phys. (Paris) Lett. 36, 169 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Soc. Inf. Display

S.-T. Wu, C.-S. Wu, and C.-L. Kuo, J. Soc. Inf. Display 7, 119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2716 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G.-D. Lee, G.-H. Kim, S.-H. Moon, J.-D. Noh, S.-C. Kim, W. S. Park, T.-H. Yoon, J. C. Kim, S. H. Hong, and S. H. Lee, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L221 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yamada, N. Yamamoto, K. Mori, K. Nakamura, T. Hagiwara, Y. Suzuki, I. Kawamura, H. Orihara, and Y. Ishibashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1757 (1990).
[CrossRef]

SID J.

C.-L. Kuo, C.-L. Chen, D.-L. Ting, C.-K. Wei, Y.-H. Lu, B.-J. Liao, B.-D. Liu, C. W. Hao, and S.-T. Wu, SID J. 7, 109 (1999).

Other

T. Ogawa, S. Fujita, Y. Iwai, and H. Koseki, in SID ’98 Digest (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 1998), p. 217.
[CrossRef]

P. J. Bos and J. A. Rahman, in SID ’93 Digest (Society for Information Display, San Jose, Calif., 1993), p. 273.

E. Collett, Polarized Light: Fundamentals and Applications (Marcel Decker, New York, 1993).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated reflection spectra of dark states with θL as a parameter θF=θL/2-22.5°.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated reflection spectra in the bright states of single-polarizer reflective LCD modes.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

On–off switching characteristics of a reflective nontwist quarter-wave homogeneous LC cell measured with a white-light source.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

-4θF+2θL=±90°,
S0=MθL,βLMθF,βFSi,
sin4θF-2θL=±1 or 4θF-2θL=±90°
S0=1cos2θL cos(4θF2θL)+δsin2θL×[2sin2θF+sin(4θF2θL)]sin2θL cos(4θF2θL)δ cos2θL×[2sin2θF+sin(4θF2θL)]±1.
S0=1δ sin 2θL2 sin 2θF±1-δ cos 2θL2 sin 2θF±1±1.
sin2θF=±1/2 or θF=±15°.

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