Abstract

Thermal effects on the conversion efficiency of four-photon mixing (FPM) power in a silica optical fiber are measured. When the temperature of the fiber changes from 9 to 350 °C, the first Stokes power decreases with a temperature coefficient of -0.33%/°C as the temperature increases to 200 °C and then becomes saturated with a further increase in temperature. This temperature characteristic of the first Stokes power reflects the temperature characteristics of the nonlinear refractive index of the fiber, which are similar to its FPM temperature dependence.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, New York, 1995), Chap. 10.
  4. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, New York, 1992), Chap. 1.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. S. V. Chernikov and P. V. Mamyshev, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 2, 113 (1992).

1996 (1)

A. Sharma and R. Posey, Opt. Commun. 124, 111 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

S. V. Chernikov and P. V. Mamyshev, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 2, 113 (1992).

1985 (1)

1981 (1)

1971 (1)

H. Vogt and H. Happ, Phys. Status Solidi 44, 207 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

Y. L. Duff and R. Dupeyrat, C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. B 268, 1346 (1969).

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, New York, 1995), Chap. 10.

Ashkin, A.

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, New York, 1992), Chap. 1.

Chernikov, S. V.

S. V. Chernikov and P. V. Mamyshev, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 2, 113 (1992).

Duff, Y. L.

Y. L. Duff and R. Dupeyrat, C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. B 268, 1346 (1969).

Dupeyrat, R.

Y. L. Duff and R. Dupeyrat, C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. B 268, 1346 (1969).

Dziedzic, J. M.

Happ, H.

H. Vogt and H. Happ, Phys. Status Solidi 44, 207 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.

Mamyshev, P. V.

S. V. Chernikov and P. V. Mamyshev, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 2, 113 (1992).

Ohashi, M.

Posey, R.

A. Sharma and R. Posey, Opt. Commun. 124, 111 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Seikai, S.

Sharma, A.

A. Sharma and R. Posey, Opt. Commun. 124, 111 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, N.

Stolen, R. H.

Vogt, H.

H. Vogt and H. Happ, Phys. Status Solidi 44, 207 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. B (1)

Y. L. Duff and R. Dupeyrat, C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. B 268, 1346 (1969).

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Sharma and R. Posey, Opt. Commun. 124, 111 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Status Solidi (1)

H. Vogt and H. Happ, Phys. Status Solidi 44, 207 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Lightwave Commun. (1)

S. V. Chernikov and P. V. Mamyshev, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 2, 113 (1992).

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, New York, 1995), Chap. 10.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, New York, 1992), Chap. 1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of experimental arrangement for measuring temperature dependence of FPM conversion efficiency. SHG, second-harmonic generator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical Stokes spectra of FPM for different input pump power levels P0: (a) 17 W, (b) 60 W, (c) 80 W.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured first Stokes power of FPM as a function of temperature. The solid curve indicates the estimation of the Stokes power calculated from Eq. (1) by use of experimentally obtained n2 data.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured nonlinear refractive index as a function of temperature.

Equations (1)

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G=14exp2γP0L,

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