Abstract

Eight-wavelength Er-doped fiber lasers with lasing wavelength separations of 1.6 and 0.8 nm, respectively, have been achieved by use of overlap-written fiber Bragg gratings (OWFBG’s) in the fiber lasers and by cooling of the Er-doped fiber with liquid N2. Our experiment shows that by utilizing the OWFBG’s to select the lasing wavelengths one can achieve fiber lasers with lasing wavelengths and lasing wavelength separations that match the International Telecommunication Union channel-allocation grid well.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1117 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, Opt. Commun. 169, 159 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. B. Schlager, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 27, 2072 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, and J. B. Schlager, Electron. Lett. 28, 2274 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. P. Li and K. T. Chan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1954 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, Opt. Lett. 24, 1984 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. P. Li, H. Ding, and K. T. Chan, Electron. Lett. 33, 390 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. M. Battiato, T. F. Morse, and R. K. Kostuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 913 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Zhao and C. Shu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1556 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho, and S. Chi, Opt. Commun. 155, 255 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, E. Salik, D. Starodubov, J. Feinberg, O. Pottiez, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1238 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1999 (4)

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1117 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, Opt. Commun. 169, 159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, E. Salik, D. Starodubov, J. Feinberg, O. Pottiez, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1238 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Li and K. T. Chan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 179 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

Y. Zhao and C. Shu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1556 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho, and S. Chi, Opt. Commun. 155, 255 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Li and K. T. Chan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1954 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

S. P. Li, H. Ding, and K. T. Chan, Electron. Lett. 33, 390 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Battiato, T. F. Morse, and R. K. Kostuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 913 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, Opt. Lett. 24, 1984 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, IEEE Technol. Lett. 8, 1459 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Cho, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, and J. B. Schlager, Electron. Lett. 28, 2274 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

J. B. Schlager, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 27, 2072 (1991).
[CrossRef]

An, H. L.

H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, Opt. Commun. 169, 159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Battiato, J. M.

J. M. Battiato, T. F. Morse, and R. K. Kostuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 913 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

J. Cho, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Blondel, M.

O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, E. Salik, D. Starodubov, J. Feinberg, O. Pottiez, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1238 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chan, K. T.

S. P. Li and K. T. Chan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 179 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Li and K. T. Chan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1954 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Li, H. Ding, and K. T. Chan, Electron. Lett. 33, 390 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho, and S. Chi, Opt. Commun. 155, 255 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cho, J.

J. Cho, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Deparis, O.

O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, E. Salik, D. Starodubov, J. Feinberg, O. Pottiez, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1238 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ding, H.

S. P. Li, H. Ding, and K. T. Chan, Electron. Lett. 33, 390 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B.

J. Cho, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, E. Salik, D. Starodubov, J. Feinberg, O. Pottiez, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1238 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ho, K. P.

S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho, and S. Chi, Opt. Commun. 155, 255 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

J. Cho, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, and J. B. Schlager, Electron. Lett. 28, 2274 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Schlager, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 27, 2072 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kiyan, R.

O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, E. Salik, D. Starodubov, J. Feinberg, O. Pottiez, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1238 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kostuk, R. K.

J. M. Battiato, T. F. Morse, and R. K. Kostuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 913 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. C.

S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho, and S. Chi, Opt. Commun. 155, 255 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, S. P.

S. P. Li and K. T. Chan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 179 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Li and K. T. Chan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1954 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Li, H. Ding, and K. T. Chan, Electron. Lett. 33, 390 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Liaw, S. K.

S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho, and S. Chi, Opt. Commun. 155, 255 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lin, X. Z.

H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, Opt. Commun. 169, 159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. D.

H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, Opt. Commun. 169, 159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Megret, P.

O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, E. Salik, D. Starodubov, J. Feinberg, O. Pottiez, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1238 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Morse, T. F.

J. M. Battiato, T. F. Morse, and R. K. Kostuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 913 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, Opt. Lett. 24, 1984 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Okhotnikov, O. G.

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1117 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Park, N.

N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, IEEE Technol. Lett. 8, 1459 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pottiez, O.

O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, E. Salik, D. Starodubov, J. Feinberg, O. Pottiez, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1238 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pun, E. Y. B.

H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, Opt. Commun. 169, 159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Salik, E.

O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, E. Salik, D. Starodubov, J. Feinberg, O. Pottiez, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1238 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Saruwatari, M.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, and J. B. Schlager, Electron. Lett. 28, 2274 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Schlager, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 27, 2072 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Schlager, J. B.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, and J. B. Schlager, Electron. Lett. 28, 2274 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Schlager, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 27, 2072 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shu, C.

Y. Zhao and C. Shu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1556 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sousa, J. M.

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1117 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Starodubov, D.

O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, E. Salik, D. Starodubov, J. Feinberg, O. Pottiez, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1238 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sugden, K.

J. Cho, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takara, H.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, and J. B. Schlager, Electron. Lett. 28, 2274 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, Opt. Lett. 24, 1984 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Town, G.

J. Cho, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wysocki, P. F.

N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, IEEE Technol. Lett. 8, 1459 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao and C. Shu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1556 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. P. Li and K. T. Chan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1954 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao and C. Shu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1556 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

S. P. Li, H. Ding, and K. T. Chan, Electron. Lett. 33, 390 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Schlager, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 27, 2072 (1991).
[CrossRef]

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, and J. B. Schlager, Electron. Lett. 28, 2274 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

J. M. Sousa and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1117 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Cho, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Battiato, T. F. Morse, and R. K. Kostuk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 913 (1997).
[CrossRef]

O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, E. Salik, D. Starodubov, J. Feinberg, O. Pottiez, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1238 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Li and K. T. Chan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 179 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Technol. Lett. (1)

N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, IEEE Technol. Lett. 8, 1459 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho, and S. Chi, Opt. Commun. 155, 255 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, Opt. Commun. 169, 159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, Opt. Lett. 24, 1984 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configuration of the Er-doped fiber laser with OWFBG.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflection spectrum of the OWFBG with wavelength separation of 1.6 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fifth reflection peak of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical spectrum of simultaneous five-wavelength lasing when the Er-doped fiber is not cooled with liquid N2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical spectrum of simultaneous eight-wavelength lasing when the Er-doped fiber is cooled with liquid N2.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Fifth lasing wavelength of Fig. 5.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Reflection spectrum of the OWFBG with wavelength separation of 0.8 nm.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Optical spectrum of simultaneous eight-wavelength lasing with an OWFBG with a center reflection wavelength separation of 0.8 nm when the Er-doped fiber is cooled with liquid N2.

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