Abstract

We report on the fabrication and χ2 measurements of thin 10µm-thick films of periodically poled LiNbO3, obtained by crystal ion slicing. The d33 optical coefficient in the films is probed by sum-frequency generation with a short-pulse laser source at 1550 nm and compared with that of the bulk. Efficient, room-temperature TMω,m=0-to-TMω+ω,m=0 mode conversion is obtained in the films. These measurements show that domain periodicity is preserved during ion implantation and that the thin films have bulklike nonlinearity and material dispersion.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. A. Arbore, O. Marco, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 22, 865 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. Imeshev, A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, M. A. Arbore, M. Proctor, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 23, 864 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Lu, Y. Zhu, and N. Ming, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 448.
  5. M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Charban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, H. Kwak, and R. M. Osgood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2888 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. I. Ilic, R. Scarmozzino, and R. M. Osgood, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2813 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 19, 3597 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).

1999 (3)

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, H. Kwak, and R. M. Osgood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2888 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Charban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Imeshev, A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, M. A. Arbore, M. Proctor, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 23, 864 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

I. Ilic, R. Scarmozzino, and R. M. Osgood, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2813 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 19, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Arbore, M. A.

Bakhru, H.

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 19, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Brener, I.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Charban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cargill, G. S.

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Charban, E. E.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Charban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chou, M. H.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Charban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Christman, S. B.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Charban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cross, L. E.

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Evans, C.

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Charban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Imeshev, A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, M. A. Arbore, M. Proctor, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 23, 864 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Arbore, O. Marco, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 22, 865 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Galvanauskas, A.

Harter, D.

Ilic, I.

I. Ilic, R. Scarmozzino, and R. M. Osgood, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2813 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Imeshev, G.

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 19, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, A.

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kwak, H.

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, H. Kwak, and R. M. Osgood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2888 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Levy, M.

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, H. Kwak, and R. M. Osgood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2888 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R.

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

Y. Lu, Y. Zhu, and N. Ming, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 448.

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Marco, O.

Ming, N.

Y. Lu, Y. Zhu, and N. Ming, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 448.

Osgood, R. M.

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, H. Kwak, and R. M. Osgood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2888 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Ilic, R. Scarmozzino, and R. M. Osgood, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2813 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Proctor, M.

Radojevic, A. M.

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, H. Kwak, and R. M. Osgood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2888 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Scarmozzino, R.

I. Ilic, R. Scarmozzino, and R. M. Osgood, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2813 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).

Tian, C.

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

Y. Lu, Y. Zhu, and N. Ming, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 448.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, R. Liu, L. E. Cross, G. S. Cargill, A. Kumar, and H. Bakhru, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2293 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru, C. Tian, and C. Evans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Radojevic, M. Levy, H. Kwak, and R. M. Osgood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2888 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Charban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 19, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

I. Ilic, R. Scarmozzino, and R. M. Osgood, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2813 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (2)

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).

Y. Lu, Y. Zhu, and N. Ming, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), p. 448.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Left, optical micrograph of a 10µm–thick 8 mm×4 mm CIS PPLN film with eight QPM gratings mounted on a glass platform. Right, magnification of a differential-etch pattern on the film top; the domain periodicity is retained after processing.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SFG spectra for (a)–(c) 1.46-mm- and (d)–(e) 3.1-mm-long bulk and 10µm-thick CIS PPLN films on glass. The curves are computed assuming bulk material properties. The QPM periods examined are (a), (d) 18.6, (b), (e) 18.8, and (c), (f) 19.0 µm.

Equations (2)

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P2ωbAdb2nω2n2ωw020Ldz1+i2z-L/2/b2×SbDbPωb2.
S=Pωλ1×sinc20.5Δkλ1,λ2L×Pωλ2dλ1dλ2.

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