Abstract

We have demonstrated experimentally the simultaneous self-conjugation of extraordinarily and ordinarily polarized light waves λ=514 nm, with the polarization state preserved, in a Ce:BaTiO3 crystal. Conjugate o waves originate from coupling between o and e waves by means of a circular photogalvanic effect. The conjugator also takes advantage of the Ce:BaTiO3 crystal, for which it is easy to generate an extraordinary conjugate beam by photorefractive backscattering. This beam of light is necessary for double phase conjugation.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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1999 (3)

H. F. Yau, H. Y. Lee, and N. J. Cheng, Appl. Phys. B 68, 1055 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Chiou, Proc. IEEE 12, 2074 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Chang, H. F. Yau, N. J. Cheng, and P. X. Ye, Appl. Opt. 35, 7206 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

S. X. Dou, H. Gao, J. Zhang, Y. Lian, H. Wang, Y. Zhu, X. Wu, C. Yang, and P. Ye, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1048 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Y. Zhu, C. Yang, M. Hui, X. Niu, J. Zhang, T. Zhou, and X. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2341 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, G. C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechser, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 4330 (1993).
[CrossRef]

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Appl. Phys. A 56, 303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

P. Yeh, Proc. IEEE 80, 436 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

S. G. Odoulov, Ferroelectrics 91, 213 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

1976 (1)

A. G. Glass, D. Van der Linde, and T. Negran, Appl. Phys. Lett 25, 233 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C. C.

C. C. Chang, H. F. Yau, N. J. Cheng, and P. X. Ye, Appl. Opt. 35, 7206 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, N. J.

H. F. Yau, H. Y. Lee, and N. J. Cheng, Appl. Phys. B 68, 1055 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Chang, H. F. Yau, N. J. Cheng, and P. X. Ye, Appl. Opt. 35, 7206 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chiou, A. E.

A. E. Chiou, Proc. IEEE 12, 2074 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Yeh and A. E. Chiou, Real-time Optical Information Processing (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1994), p. 457.

Choiou, A. E.

Dou, S. X.

S. X. Dou, H. Gao, J. Zhang, Y. Lian, H. Wang, Y. Zhu, X. Wu, C. Yang, and P. Ye, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1048 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dovgalenko, G.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, G. C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechser, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 4330 (1993).
[CrossRef]

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Appl. Phys. A 56, 303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Duree, G. C.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, G. C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechser, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 4330 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

Gao, H.

S. X. Dou, H. Gao, J. Zhang, Y. Lian, H. Wang, Y. Zhu, X. Wu, C. Yang, and P. Ye, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1048 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Glass, A. G.

A. G. Glass, D. Van der Linde, and T. Negran, Appl. Phys. Lett 25, 233 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Hui, M.

Y. Zhu, C. Yang, M. Hui, X. Niu, J. Zhang, T. Zhou, and X. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2341 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jahoda, F. C.

Klein, M. B.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, G. C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechser, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 4330 (1993).
[CrossRef]

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Appl. Phys. A 56, 303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kukhtarev, N.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, G. C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechser, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 4330 (1993).
[CrossRef]

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Appl. Phys. A 56, 303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. Y.

H. F. Yau, H. Y. Lee, and N. J. Cheng, Appl. Phys. B 68, 1055 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lian, Y.

S. X. Dou, H. Gao, J. Zhang, Y. Lian, H. Wang, Y. Zhu, X. Wu, C. Yang, and P. Ye, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1048 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Negran, T.

A. G. Glass, D. Van der Linde, and T. Negran, Appl. Phys. Lett 25, 233 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Niu, X.

Y. Zhu, C. Yang, M. Hui, X. Niu, J. Zhang, T. Zhou, and X. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2341 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Odoulov, S. G.

S. G. Odoulov, Ferroelectrics 91, 213 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Salamo, G.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Appl. Phys. A 56, 303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Salamo, G. J.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, G. C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechser, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 4330 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sharp, E. J.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, G. C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechser, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 4330 (1993).
[CrossRef]

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Appl. Phys. A 56, 303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shultz, J.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Appl. Phys. A 56, 303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Van der Linde, D.

A. G. Glass, D. Van der Linde, and T. Negran, Appl. Phys. Lett 25, 233 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

S. X. Dou, H. Gao, J. Zhang, Y. Lian, H. Wang, Y. Zhu, X. Wu, C. Yang, and P. Ye, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1048 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Weber, P. G.

Wechser, B. A.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, G. C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechser, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 4330 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wechsler, B. A.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Appl. Phys. A 56, 303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

S. X. Dou, H. Gao, J. Zhang, Y. Lian, H. Wang, Y. Zhu, X. Wu, C. Yang, and P. Ye, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1048 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhu, C. Yang, M. Hui, X. Niu, J. Zhang, T. Zhou, and X. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2341 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C.

S. X. Dou, H. Gao, J. Zhang, Y. Lian, H. Wang, Y. Zhu, X. Wu, C. Yang, and P. Ye, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1048 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhu, C. Yang, M. Hui, X. Niu, J. Zhang, T. Zhou, and X. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2341 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yau, H. F.

H. F. Yau, H. Y. Lee, and N. J. Cheng, Appl. Phys. B 68, 1055 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Chang, H. F. Yau, N. J. Cheng, and P. X. Ye, Appl. Opt. 35, 7206 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ye, P.

S. X. Dou, H. Gao, J. Zhang, Y. Lian, H. Wang, Y. Zhu, X. Wu, C. Yang, and P. Ye, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1048 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ye, P. X.

C. C. Chang, H. F. Yau, N. J. Cheng, and P. X. Ye, Appl. Opt. 35, 7206 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P.

P. Yeh, Proc. IEEE 80, 436 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Choiou and P. Yeh, Opt. Lett. 11, 461 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. Yeh and A. E. Chiou, Real-time Optical Information Processing (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1994), p. 457.

Zhang, J.

S. X. Dou, H. Gao, J. Zhang, Y. Lian, H. Wang, Y. Zhu, X. Wu, C. Yang, and P. Ye, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1048 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhu, C. Yang, M. Hui, X. Niu, J. Zhang, T. Zhou, and X. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2341 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, T.

Y. Zhu, C. Yang, M. Hui, X. Niu, J. Zhang, T. Zhou, and X. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2341 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

S. X. Dou, H. Gao, J. Zhang, Y. Lian, H. Wang, Y. Zhu, X. Wu, C. Yang, and P. Ye, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1048 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhu, C. Yang, M. Hui, X. Niu, J. Zhang, T. Zhou, and X. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2341 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

C. C. Chang, H. F. Yau, N. J. Cheng, and P. X. Ye, Appl. Opt. 35, 7206 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A (1)

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Appl. Phys. A 56, 303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. F. Yau, H. Y. Lee, and N. J. Cheng, Appl. Phys. B 68, 1055 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett (1)

A. G. Glass, D. Van der Linde, and T. Negran, Appl. Phys. Lett 25, 233 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Zhu, C. Yang, M. Hui, X. Niu, J. Zhang, T. Zhou, and X. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2341 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ferroelectrics (1)

S. G. Odoulov, Ferroelectrics 91, 213 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

S. X. Dou, H. Gao, J. Zhang, Y. Lian, H. Wang, Y. Zhu, X. Wu, C. Yang, and P. Ye, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1048 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, G. C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechser, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 4330 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (2)

A. E. Chiou, Proc. IEEE 12, 2074 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Yeh, Proc. IEEE 80, 436 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

P. Yeh and A. E. Chiou, Real-time Optical Information Processing (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1994), p. 457.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup: M’s, mirrors; λ/2, half-wave plate; PBS’s, polarization beam splitters; CBS’s, cubic beam splitters; NDF, neutral density filter; PD’s, photodetectors; L’s, lenses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Pattern for testing the o-conjugate waves. (b) Image recorded at plane PD3 when the testing pattern passed the distorter twice via the reflection of a plane mirror. (c) Similar to (b) when a Ce:BaTiO3 crystal instead of a plane mirror was used.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Correlation between the powers of the two penetrating light beams. The power of the e light beam decreases when the o light beam is blocked off. These powers are recorded with PD1 and PD2, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Correlation between the powers of the two penetrating light beams. The power of the o light beam increases when the e light beam is blocked off. These powers are recorded with PD1 and PD2, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Geometry of the c axis of the crystal and the incident e waves ke and o waves ko. (b) Recordings of gratings K by the incident e waves ke and o waves ko by the photogalvanic effect and subsequent generation of the ordinary conjugate koc waves owing to the diffraction of self-pumped conjugate e waves kec.

Equations (1)

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jn=βnklEkEl+iβnlE×E*l,

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