Abstract

Frequency-domain holography is used to measure ultrafast phase shifts induced either by the nonlinear susceptibility χ3 of fused silica or by ionization fronts in air over a temporal region of 1 ps with 70-fs resolution in a single shot. The use of an imaging spectrometer adds one-dimensional spatial resolution to the single-shot temporal measurements.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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1999 (1)

1998 (3)

1997 (2)

1996 (1)

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and M. C. Downer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 301 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

J. R. Marques, J. P. Geindre, F. Amiranoff, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, A. Antonetti, and G. Grillon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3566 (1995); J. R. Marques, F. Dorchies, F. Amiranoff, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, A. Antonetti, T. M. Antonsen, P. Chessa, and P. Mora, Phys. Plasmas 5, 1162 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

1993 (1)

1988 (1)

1982 (1)

1973 (1)

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, J. Opt. (Paris) 4, 183 (1973); F. Reynaud, F. Salin, and A. Barthelemy, Opt. Lett. 14, 275 (1989); E. Tokunaga, A. Terasaki, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 17, 1131 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amiranoff, F.

J. R. Marques, J. P. Geindre, F. Amiranoff, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, A. Antonetti, and G. Grillon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3566 (1995); J. R. Marques, F. Dorchies, F. Amiranoff, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, A. Antonetti, T. M. Antonsen, P. Chessa, and P. Mora, Phys. Plasmas 5, 1162 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Antonetti, A.

J. R. Marques, J. P. Geindre, F. Amiranoff, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, A. Antonetti, and G. Grillon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3566 (1995); J. R. Marques, F. Dorchies, F. Amiranoff, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, A. Antonetti, T. M. Antonsen, P. Chessa, and P. Mora, Phys. Plasmas 5, 1162 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, A. Rouse, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Dos Santos, G. Hamoniaux, and A. Antonetti, Opt. Lett. 19, 1997 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Audebert, P.

J. R. Marques, J. P. Geindre, F. Amiranoff, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, A. Antonetti, and G. Grillon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3566 (1995); J. R. Marques, F. Dorchies, F. Amiranoff, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, A. Antonetti, T. M. Antonsen, P. Chessa, and P. Mora, Phys. Plasmas 5, 1162 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, A. Rouse, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Dos Santos, G. Hamoniaux, and A. Antonetti, Opt. Lett. 19, 1997 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Babine, A.

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and M. C. Downer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 301 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, T. H.

Dorrer, C.

Dos Santos, A.

Downer, M.

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Downer, M. C.

C. W. Siders, A. J. Taylor, and M. C. Downer, Opt. Lett. 22, 624 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and M. C. Downer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 301 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fallies, F.

Fisher, D.

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M. A.

Froehly, C.

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, J. Opt. (Paris) 4, 183 (1973); F. Reynaud, F. Salin, and A. Barthelemy, Opt. Lett. 14, 275 (1989); E. Tokunaga, A. Terasaki, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 17, 1131 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gauthier, J. C.

J. R. Marques, J. P. Geindre, F. Amiranoff, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, A. Antonetti, and G. Grillon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3566 (1995); J. R. Marques, F. Dorchies, F. Amiranoff, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, A. Antonetti, T. M. Antonsen, P. Chessa, and P. Mora, Phys. Plasmas 5, 1162 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, A. Rouse, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Dos Santos, G. Hamoniaux, and A. Antonetti, Opt. Lett. 19, 1997 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geindre, J. P.

J. R. Marques, J. P. Geindre, F. Amiranoff, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, A. Antonetti, and G. Grillon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3566 (1995); J. R. Marques, F. Dorchies, F. Amiranoff, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, A. Antonetti, T. M. Antonsen, P. Chessa, and P. Mora, Phys. Plasmas 5, 1162 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, A. Rouse, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Dos Santos, G. Hamoniaux, and A. Antonetti, Opt. Lett. 19, 1997 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grillon, G.

E. T. J. Nibbering, G. Grillon, M. A. Franco, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 650 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Marques, J. P. Geindre, F. Amiranoff, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, A. Antonetti, and G. Grillon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3566 (1995); J. R. Marques, F. Dorchies, F. Amiranoff, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, A. Antonetti, T. M. Antonsen, P. Chessa, and P. Mora, Phys. Plasmas 5, 1162 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hamoniaux, G.

Haus, H. A.

Iaconis, C.

Ina, H.

Ippen, E. P.

Kane, D. J.

Kobayashi, S.

Lacourt, A.

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, J. Opt. (Paris) 4, 183 (1973); F. Reynaud, F. Salin, and A. Barthelemy, Opt. Lett. 14, 275 (1989); E. Tokunaga, A. Terasaki, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 17, 1131 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Le Blanc, S. P.

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and M. C. Downer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 301 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.

Margalit, M.

Marques, J. R.

J. R. Marques, J. P. Geindre, F. Amiranoff, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, A. Antonetti, and G. Grillon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3566 (1995); J. R. Marques, F. Dorchies, F. Amiranoff, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, A. Antonetti, T. M. Antonsen, P. Chessa, and P. Mora, Phys. Plasmas 5, 1162 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

Nakadate, S.

Nibbering, E. T. J.

Nuss, M. C.

Partovi, A.

Prade, B. S.

Rae, S. C.

S. C. Rae, Opt. Commun. 104, 330 (1994); S. P. Le Blanc and R. Sauerbrey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 72 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rodrigues, G.

Rouse, A.

Sergeev, A.

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and M. C. Downer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 301 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Siders, C. W.

C. W. Siders, A. J. Taylor, and M. C. Downer, Opt. Lett. 22, 624 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and M. C. Downer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 301 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A.

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and M. C. Downer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 301 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, T.

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and M. C. Downer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 301 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, M.

Taylor, A. J.

Trebino, R.

Vienot, J. C.

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, J. Opt. (Paris) 4, 183 (1973); F. Reynaud, F. Salin, and A. Barthelemy, Opt. Lett. 14, 275 (1989); E. Tokunaga, A. Terasaki, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 17, 1131 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walmsley, I. A.

Weiner, A. M.

Yu, C. X.

IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. (1)

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and M. C. Downer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 301 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (Paris) (1)

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, J. Opt. (Paris) 4, 183 (1973); F. Reynaud, F. Salin, and A. Barthelemy, Opt. Lett. 14, 275 (1989); E. Tokunaga, A. Terasaki, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 17, 1131 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. C. Rae, Opt. Commun. 104, 330 (1994); S. P. Le Blanc and R. Sauerbrey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 72 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

J. R. Marques, J. P. Geindre, F. Amiranoff, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, A. Antonetti, and G. Grillon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3566 (1995); J. R. Marques, F. Dorchies, F. Amiranoff, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, A. Antonetti, T. M. Antonsen, P. Chessa, and P. Mora, Phys. Plasmas 5, 1162 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the experimental setup: spec., spectroscope. (b) Single-shot frequency-domain hologram generated by the interference of the second-harmonic probe and the reference pulse, separated by 4 ps. Inset, convolution of the probe and reference pulses obtained by Fourier analysis of the hologram.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Cross-phase modulation from a sequence of two pump pulses copropagating with the probe pulse in a 150µm fused-silica plate. Open circles, phase shift without two pump pulses; filled shapes, phase shift with two pump pulses separated by 333 fs for different delays ΔT1 between the pump- and the probe-pulse sequences. (b) Phase modulation from propagation in a 2-mm fused-silica plate. The pump-pulse intensity was reduced compared with that shown in (a) to yield comparable phase shifts.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Single-shot measurements of on-axis phase shift caused by ionization of 10-, 30-, and 120-Torr air by a single pump pulse. (b) Spatially and temporally resolved ionization front in 120-Torr air, measured in a single shot.

Equations (1)

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Iω=Sω+2A1ωA2ωcosω0τ+Δϕω,

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