Abstract

By combining a special dispersion map that has nearly constant path-average dispersion, a hybrid amplification scheme involving backward-pumped Raman gain, and sliding-frequency guiding filters, we have demonstrated massive wavelength-division multiplexing at 10 Gbits/s per channel, error free (bit-error rate, 1×10-9 for all channels), without the use of forward error correction, over greater than 9000 km, using dispersion-managed solitons. The number of channels (27) was limited only by a temporary lack of amplifier power and gain flatness. Terabit capacities are to be expected in the near future.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. M. Niculae, W. Forysiak, A. G. Gloag, J. H. B. Nijhof, and N. J. Doran, Opt. Lett. 23, 1354 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. F. Mollenauer, P. V. Mamyshev, and J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 24, 220 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. V. Mamyshev and L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 24, 448 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Le Guen, S. Del Burgo, M. L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD-4.
  5. P. V. Mamyshev and N. A. Mamysheva, Opt. Lett. 24, 1454 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. F. Mollenauer, P. V. Mamyshev, and M. J. Neubelt, Opt. Lett. 21, 1724 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Gripp and L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 23, 1603 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. See L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and P. V. Mamyshev, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications III, I. P. Kaminow and T. L. Koch, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1997), Chap. 12, Sec. 3.1.
  9. J. P. Gordon and L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 24, 233 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

1999

1998

1996

Del Burgo, S.

D. Le Guen, S. Del Burgo, M. L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD-4.

Doran, N. J.

Favre, F.

D. Le Guen, S. Del Burgo, M. L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD-4.

Forysiak, W.

Georges, T.

D. Le Guen, S. Del Burgo, M. L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD-4.

Gloag, A. G.

Gordon, J. P.

L. F. Mollenauer, P. V. Mamyshev, and J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 24, 220 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Gordon and L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 24, 233 (1999).
[CrossRef]

See L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and P. V. Mamyshev, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications III, I. P. Kaminow and T. L. Koch, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1997), Chap. 12, Sec. 3.1.

Gripp, J.

Grot, D.

D. Le Guen, S. Del Burgo, M. L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD-4.

Henry, M.

D. Le Guen, S. Del Burgo, M. L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD-4.

Le Guen, D.

D. Le Guen, S. Del Burgo, M. L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD-4.

Mamyshev, P. V.

Mamysheva, N. A.

Mollenauer, L. F.

P. V. Mamyshev and L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 24, 448 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, P. V. Mamyshev, and J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 24, 220 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Gordon and L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 24, 233 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Gripp and L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 23, 1603 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, P. V. Mamyshev, and M. J. Neubelt, Opt. Lett. 21, 1724 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

See L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and P. V. Mamyshev, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications III, I. P. Kaminow and T. L. Koch, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1997), Chap. 12, Sec. 3.1.

Moulinard, M. L.

D. Le Guen, S. Del Burgo, M. L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD-4.

Neubelt, M. J.

Niculae, A. M.

Nijhof, J. H. B.

Opt. Lett.

Other

See L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and P. V. Mamyshev, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications III, I. P. Kaminow and T. L. Koch, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1997), Chap. 12, Sec. 3.1.

D. Le Guen, S. Del Burgo, M. L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 1999 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PD-4.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Special dispersion map used in this study, and relative signal power versus distance.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Mean behavior of D¯ for the six spans used here.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse width and chirp parameter as functions of distance in the 56-km map; pulse energy, 75 fJ.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pulse energies versus D¯ for the 56-km map.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Frequency shift of one of a pair of colliding solitons in a transmission line based on the 56-km map: pk., peak. (From simulations.)

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Eye diagram of a typical WDM channel at 9 Mm (after demultiplexing to 2.5 Gbits/s and integration). Sliding rate, -2.7 GHz/Mm. (A histogram of the 1’s is also shown.)

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